The doctorate in oceanography aimed at training independent researchers, able to work in the forefront of oceanography, contributing, according to a multidisciplinary approach to the advancement of basic and applied knowledge related to marine environments.
Doctorate Programs in Biological and Life Sciences in Quebec in Canada. The doctorate in oceanography aimed at training independent researchers, able to work in the forefront of oceanography, contributing, according to a multidisciplinary approach to the advancement of basic and applied knowledge related to marine environments.
The research project and the courses help to deepen their knowledge in one of four areas of specialization:
The oceanography doctoral includes the writing of a dissertation of 75 credits to deepen a subject in a research field of oceanography, which focuses on the study of marine environments (coastal, estuarine and oceanic) and the interactions between biological components, chemical, sedimentological (geological) and physics of these marine systems.
Physicists are interested in the movement of water depending on various factors, like the tide, winds, changes in freshwater flow, as well as changes in space and time. Their research particularly affect:
Waves of training;
the salinity gradients and density;
the energy exchange between the air and the sea;
turbulent areas of training;
related phenomena between the ocean and the temperature (global climate change, El Niño, hurricanes and typhoons);
Chemists are interested in chemical processes in water and marine sediments. Their research particularly affect:
the origins and fate of the chemical constituents of ocean water;
chemical reactions that occur in the marine environment;
the effects of contaminants (organic or not) and their distribution;
gas exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean;
Biologists are interested organizations and living microorganisms in the marine environment, such as plankton, algae, crustaceans, molluscs, fish and mammals. Their research particularly affect:
trophic relationships between these organizations and the factors that may disrupt this relationship, such as climate change and pollution;
interactions and the evolution of species based on physical, chemical and geological parameters of the medium;
the influence of anthropogenic and natural disturbances on biodiversity;
Aquaculture (physiology, genetics, development, etc.);
fish farming systems;
Geologists are interested in the evolution of the seafloor, that is to say the nature of the sediments, the mechanisms of their implementation and the history of their accumulation. Their research particularly affect:
the formation of ocean basins, mountain ranges, trenches, submarine volcanoes;
how sediment is transported, lifted and distributed to form islands and continents;
paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental the reconstitution from the study of the mineralogical properties, geochemical and / or magnetic sediment;
Projects recruitment studies
Teachers ISMER regularly appear calls for applications for projects Masters or PhD in oceanography. Applicants may also contact the teachers to know the coaching opportunities.
The marine sciences, an axis of excellence in research at UQAR
From the birth of the Université du Québec à Rimouski, understanding of the marine environment has become a niche studies and excellence center to essential research. UQAR today brings an extraordinary concentration of researchers with expertise across a wide range of issues affecting the science of the sea.
ISMER is a leader in areas such as climate change at different latitudes, the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the first links in the food chain or the impact of contaminants on coastal ecosystems. The marine acoustics, aquaculture, population dynamics and sediment transport are also themes that can rely on solid expertise.
Every year several job opportunities available for graduates in oceanography, which depend on the disciplinary training (biological oceanography, chemical, geological or physical).
Since a large number of pollutants, natural or anthropogenic, end up in the ocean, environmentalists from around the world begin to be interested in ocean affairs. The need for specialists who understand not only the interdependence of the ocean, urbanization and industrialization in constant growth, but also the potential dangers of maritime accidents continues to strengthen.
In Canada, the major employer of graduates in oceanography is the federal government, specifically the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and Natural Resources. Other government departments and agencies as well as universities employ oceanographers to teach and conduct research.
Employment in the private sector largely affect studies and environmental assessment. Some large companies employ their own marine scientists while others prefer to hire consultants.
Fisheries and aquaculture
The fisheries research require knowledge of almost all aspects of oceanography to conduct population assessment and modeling of the dynamics of fish populations. The rapid expansion of aquaculture has led to a demand for a number of specialists, including nutrition and fish disease control.
The joint doctoral program in oceanography focuses on research activities. The program is the formation of independent researchers, able to work in the forefront of oceanography contributing, according to a multidisciplinary approach to the advancement of basic and applied knowledge related to marine environments.
This program is jointly managed by UQAR and Laval University.