Doctorate Degrees in Marine Biology

Compare 3 PhD Programs in Marine Biology

Marine Biology

A PhD is the abbreviated form for Doctor of Philosophy, but the title can indicate that its recipient has completed advanced study in any field, from business to botany. This type of degree is typically pursued after a bachelor’s and master’s degree. The program may include a variety of high-level courses as well as independent research and a doctoral thesis.

What is a PhD in Marine Biology? This course of study focuses on the biology, physiology, neurology, habits and behaviors of marine organisms. It may also investigate their interaction with their ocean environment. Students may investigate oceanography and its related subjects as they seek to learn about the animals that inhabit the sea. At the doctoral level most students will already have begun to pursue a specialty and may continue to distinguish themselves in a particular subfield of marine biology as they complete their studies and research.

Completing a PhD program can have many benefits. Few students achieve this advanced level of study, and graduates may outshine their competition for coveted jobs and career distinctions. This type of program can also foster critical thinking, problem solving and research skills.

A PhD program may be completed in a few short years of full-time study, but a student may take much longer if he or she continues to work while studying part-time. This is not necessarily detrimental, as professional experience is also valuable. The cost of a program will vary from one institution to another, but may increase the longer a student takes to graduate.

Many graduates of a PhD program are seeking a role in academics. They hope to become full-time professors, passing their knowledge and passion along to graduate and undergraduate students. They may also join a private or government research institution where they can continue to work and conduct research in their specialty, or in the ecology, physiology or biochemical characteristics of a particular species. Some graduates work primarily indoors while others spend a good deal of time in or near the water. Most spent time in a variety of environments. 

Marine biology is a fascinating field with many career possibilities. Search for your program below and contact directly the admission office of the school of your choice by filling in the lead form.

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Doctorate In Oceanography

Université du Québec à Rimouski UQAR
Campus Full time September 2017 Canada Rimouski Lévis

The doctorate in oceanography aimed at training independent researchers, able to work in the forefront of oceanography, contributing, according to a multidisciplinary approach to the advancement of basic and applied knowledge related to marine environments. [+]

PhDs in Marine Biology. The doctorate in oceanography aimed at training independent researchers, able to work in the forefront of oceanography, contributing, according to a multidisciplinary approach to the advancement of basic and applied knowledge related to marine environments. The research project and the courses help to deepen their knowledge in one of four areas of specialization: chemical oceanography; biological oceanography; geological oceanography; Physical Oceanography. Program Structure The oceanography doctoral includes the writing of a dissertation of 75 credits to deepen a subject in a research field of oceanography, which focuses on the study of marine environments (coastal, estuarine and oceanic) and the interactions between biological components, chemical, sedimentological (geological) and physics of these marine systems. Research areas physical oceanography Physicists are interested in the movement of water depending on various factors, like the tide, winds, changes in freshwater flow, as well as changes in space and time. Their research particularly affect: Waves of training; the salinity gradients and density; temperature variations; the energy exchange between the air and the sea; turbulent areas of training; related phenomena between the ocean and the temperature (global climate change, El Niño, hurricanes and typhoons); etc. chemical oceanography Chemists are interested in chemical processes in water and marine sediments. Their research particularly affect: the origins and fate of the chemical constituents of ocean water; chemical reactions that occur in the marine environment; the effects of contaminants (organic or not) and their distribution; gas exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean; etc. biological oceanography Biologists are interested organizations and living microorganisms in the marine environment, such as plankton, algae, crustaceans, molluscs, fish and mammals. Their research particularly affect: trophic relationships between these organizations and the factors that may disrupt this relationship, such as climate change and pollution; interactions and the evolution of species based on physical, chemical and geological parameters of the medium; the influence of anthropogenic and natural disturbances on biodiversity; Aquaculture (physiology, genetics, development, etc.); fish farming systems; etc. geological oceanography Geologists are interested in the evolution of the seafloor, that is to say the nature of the sediments, the mechanisms of their implementation and the history of their accumulation. Their research particularly affect: the formation of ocean basins, mountain ranges, trenches, submarine volcanoes; how sediment is transported, lifted and distributed to form islands and continents; paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental the reconstitution from the study of the mineralogical properties, geochemical and / or magnetic sediment; etc. Projects recruitment studies Teachers ISMER regularly appear calls for applications for projects Masters or PhD in oceanography. Applicants may also contact the teachers to know the coaching opportunities. The marine sciences, an axis of excellence in research at UQAR From the birth of the Université du Québec à Rimouski, understanding of the marine environment has become a niche studies and excellence center to essential research. UQAR today brings an extraordinary concentration of researchers with expertise across a wide range of issues affecting the science of the sea. ISMER is a leader in areas such as climate change at different latitudes, the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the first links in the food chain or the impact of contaminants on coastal ecosystems. The marine acoustics, aquaculture, population dynamics and sediment transport are also themes that can rely on solid expertise. Employment Opportunities Every year several job opportunities available for graduates in oceanography, which depend on the disciplinary training (biological oceanography, chemical, geological or physical). Since a large number of pollutants, natural or anthropogenic, end up in the ocean, environmentalists from around the world begin to be interested in ocean affairs. The need for specialists who understand not only the interdependence of the ocean, urbanization and industrialization in constant growth, but also the potential dangers of maritime accidents continues to strengthen. Public sector In Canada, the major employer of graduates in oceanography is the federal government, specifically the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and Natural Resources. Other government departments and agencies as well as universities employ oceanographers to teach and conduct research. Private sector Employment in the private sector largely affect studies and environmental assessment. Some large companies employ their own marine scientists while others prefer to hire consultants. Fisheries and aquaculture The fisheries research require knowledge of almost all aspects of oceanography to conduct population assessment and modeling of the dynamics of fish populations. The rapid expansion of aquaculture has led to a demand for a number of specialists, including nutrition and fish disease control. OBJECTIVES The joint doctoral program in oceanography focuses on research activities. The program is the formation of independent researchers, able to work in the forefront of oceanography contributing, according to a multidisciplinary approach to the advancement of basic and applied knowledge related to marine environments. This program is jointly managed by UQAR and Laval University. [-]

Maritime Resource Management PhD

Université du Québec à Rimouski UQAR
Campus Full time September 2017 Canada Rimouski Lévis

The doctorate in marine resource management form experts who contribute to the advancement of knowledge in a field related to the optimal use of resources and the marine environment, public policy models or mechanisms of decision making in this sector. [+]

The doctorate in marine resource management form experts who contribute to the advancement of knowledge in a field related to the optimal use of resources and the marine environment, public policy models or mechanisms of decision making in this sector. These managers must have a thorough knowledge of the social and economic characteristics of the maritime environment and an understanding of the interactions between these characteristics and those of the environment. Targeted audience Maritime Resource Management PhD is for candidates with varied profiles (natural sciences, law, economics, geography, management) holders of a research master. Program Structure The doctorate in marine resource management includes the writing of a dissertation of 60 credits on a particular topic related to the management of maritime resources. Research areas Fisheries sector management capacity in the fisheries sector Economy Aquaculture and Fisheries remote sensing technologies and environmental management and resources Finance and business planning for marine biotechnology Fish stock assessment and public management of fisheries and marine wildlife Public Management and Policy of invasive alien species Optimization of the fishing industry Etc. Chain management of the coastal and marine environment International trade and environment social and economic impacts of marine pollution policies of taxation and subsidies in natural resource industries undetected illegal fishing (IUU) fishing in the territorial waters of developing countries Links between ecotoxicology and socio-economic impacts nonmarket valuation methods for environmental goods and measure environmental impact public coastal management Comanagement in the management of coastal zones and natural resources Marine Reserves and spatial management of resources environmental management and natural resource management in developing countries Etc. Maritime transport sector Environment and maritime transport strategic management in the transport sector Management of commercial fleet and ports in the shipping sector Disruption in shipping political and economic analysis of "short sea shipping" Etc. Employment Opportunities Graduates in marine resource management UQAR in managerial functions, researchers and consultants in the public or private domain. The maritime sector is particularly characterized by the presence of a large number of public, semi-public and private, both in Canada and abroad: provincial and federal departments (fisheries, environment, transport, etc.); ZIP committees, river basin organizations; cities and municipalities; nongovernmental organizations (World Bank, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Organization for the Conservation of Nature, world wildlife fund, etc.); research centers and universities; private companies. What is the management of marine resources? The diversity and complexity of human intervention in the maritime sector requires serious thinking and informed decision making in order to maintain the sustainability of resources and activities essential to the survival of a large part of the world population. To maintain this continuity, it is important to have an understanding not only the natural environment but also the social, political, economic and legal that affect decision making. Marine resource management programs are built around the idea that those who want to contribute to the management and decision processes must learn how to properly use different scientific viewpoints. They integrate knowledge in management sciences, natural sciences, social sciences and law and include experts in management of fishery resources, marine and environmental studies. OBJECTIVES This program is for people interested in contributing to knowledge development in areas related to the optimal use of resources and the marine environment, and interested in public policy models and decision making in this area. They have different disciplinary profiles (biology, law, economics, geography, management) and come from diverse countries (Canada, the Caribbean, South America, Europe, Africa, Vietnam). The advances in marine resource management curriculum designed to train managers capable of integrating multiple knowledge in decision-making, both at strategic and operational levels. These managers must have a thorough knowledge of the social and economic characteristics of the maritime environment and an understanding of the interactions between these characteristics and those of the environment. Competent and effective managers of tomorrow will be those who managed the integration of multidisciplinary knowledge. [-]

PhD, MSc, BSc in Marine Biology

University of North Carolina Wilmington
Campus Full time

Modern Biology increasingly impacts the non-scientific world, facilitating solutions to technological, environmental, ethical, philosophical and political issues that are important to society. [+]

PhDs in Marine Biology. Biology & Marine Biology Mission Modern Biology increasingly impacts the non-scientific world, facilitating solutions to technological, environmental, ethical, philosophical and political issues that are important to society. The Department of Biology and Marine Biology at UNCW strives to train the next generation of scientists and educators, and prepare all students to make sound judgments based on a solid foundation of biological principles. The department provides an environment in which excellent teaching coupled with diverse research opportunities encourage our faculty to become leaders in their discipline. Our teaching emphasizes current theories of biological science, knowledge of basic investigative skills, and methods of critical inquiry. Our research programs, in both applied and basic aspects of discovery, value investigations of biological phenomena that impact the quality of life in our region and beyond. We lend our professional expertise to all endeavors that work for the improvement of the human condition and our environment. We believe the importance of modern biological principles must transcend the university classroom and enable our students to contribute as global citizens. Degrees Offered The Department of Biology and Marine Biology offers the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in biology, the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in marine biology, both of which prepare students for advanced study, and the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in biology, a more flexible program which can be designed to meet personal educational goals. Students may also choose professional programs in Teacher Certification for Secondary Science (Biological Sciences) or Pre-professional programs in the Health Sciences. Graduate degrees offered by the Department of Biology and Marine Biology include the Master of Science (M.S.) in biology, the Master of Science (M.S.) in marine biology, and the Ph.D. in marine biology. Facilities Undergraduate courses are taught mostly in the Dobo and Friday Halls. These facilities include state-of-the-art lecture halls, teaching laboratories, seminar rooms, and a computer lab. Many faculty members have their offices and research laboratories in these buildings as well. The Department of Biology and Marine Biology also has extensive facilities in the Center for Marine Science located a short distance from the campus. Facilities at the Center for Marine Science include a classroom, a large teaching laboratory, aquarium and collection rooms, and smaller laboratories for student research. In addition, some Biology and Marine Biology faculty members have their offices and laboratory space at CMS. The department maintains a modern 2250-square-foot greenhouse, a vertebrate range, and a herbarium. The Kresge Greenhouse provides facilities for faculty and student research projects and for laboratory exercises. The vertebrate range allows preparation and storage of vertebrate research and teaching collections. The herbarium is the repository for dried collections of algae, fungi, bryophytes and vascular plants. The function and activities of the herbarium include documentation of the vegetation of the regions in which the specimens are collected, serving as a source of teaching and research material and serving as a source of information to persons interested in the identification of plants. Classroom and laboratory instruction is supplemented by field trips to adjacent oceanic, estuarine and terrestrial natural laboratories, including the Bluthenthal Wildflower Preserve and the Ev-Henwood Nature Preserve. Ph.D. Program The Department of Biology and Marine Biology offers a program of study and research leading to the doctor of philosophy in marine biology. The program provides students with a broad background and overview of the fields comprising marine biology and make use of the diverse interests of the marine biology faculty within the department. As is generally the case, the Ph.D. program is primarily a research degree. As such, it is intended to serve students with interests in conducting research in academia, industry, and government along with those who intend to become faculty in undergraduate teaching institutions, managers in technology-based industries and policy makers in government. Students will learn the process of identifying, defining and solving an original research problem. The program also includes a teaching practicum with classroom instruction in pedagogical techniques and technologies along with lecture experience under the guidance of a faculty mentor. Ph.D. Marine Biology Student Learning Outcomes Learning Outcome #1a: A graduate student should be able to develop a research plan. Learning Outcome #1b: A graduate student should be able to present and defend a research plan. Learning Outcome #2: A graduate student should be able to independently answer questions regarding their research field. Learning Objective #3: A graduate student should be able to communicate his or her research to a broadly-trained public audience. Learning Objective #4: A graduate student should be able to write up his or her research in the form of a manuscript for publication in a scientific journal. Documents to be submitted for admission: All applicants must submit: An application for graduate admission Official transcripts of all college work (undergraduate and graduate) Official scores on the Graduate Record Examination (verbal, quantitative, analytical writing and subject test in biology) Three recommendations with accompanying letters by individuals in professionally relevant fields, one from the intended faculty mentor. Official score on the TOEFL (if applicable). TOEFL scores are good for two years from the date the test is administered. Current curriculum vitae Detailed summary of M.S. thesis research (maximum of three pages) Statement of interest for Ph.D. research (maximum of three pages) Reprints or copies of any publications (if applicable) Application and supporting documents must be submitted by the published deadline M.S. Programs The graduate programs in marine biology and biology are designed (1) to prepare students for further graduate work leading to a Ph.D.; (2) to provide professional biologists with advanced research and educational opportunities; (3) to prepare students as managers of coastal and marine resources, trained to deal with contemporary problems in the environment; and (4) to provide students with a broad-based graduate program allowing for specialization in the diverse fields of inquiry represented by the faculty of the department. M.S. Biology and Marine Biology Student Learning Outcomes Learning Outcome #1a: A graduate student should be able to develop a research plan. Learning Outcome #1b: A graduate student should be able to present and defend a research plan. Learning Outcome #2: A graduate student should be able to independently answer questions regarding their research field. Learning Objective #3: A graduate student should be able to communicate his or her research to a broadly-trained public audience. Learning Objective #4: A graduate student should be able to write up his or her research in the form of a manuscript for publication in a scientific journal. Admission Criteria Applicants seeking admission to the graduate programs in marine biology and biology are required to submit all of the following to the Graduate School: An application for graduate admission Official transcripts of all college work (undergraduate and graduate) Official scores on the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination (verbal, quantitative, analytical writing) Three recommendations by individuals in professionally relevant fields Resume Research Areas Form/Statement of Interest Form Application Deadlines Students may be admitted to the programs at the beginning of any academic semester. The Graduate School must receive completed applications by June 15 midnight EST for fall enrollment and November 30 midnight EST for spring enrollment. Assistantships are generally awarded to students prior to the beginning of the fall semester. To be considered for an assistantship, completed applications for fall admission must be received by the Graduate School no later than March 15 midnight EST. Teaching Assistantships Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) are responsible for teaching 2 to 3 laboratory sections each semester in introductory (100 & 200 level), intermediate (300 level) and some advanced (400 level) courses. GTAs are not responsible for lecture sections of any course. Teaching responsibilities of GTAs are restricted to a short introduction to the laboratory, to the oversight of the conducting of the laboratory, and to the grading of laboratory reports and quizzes. GTAs teaching 2 laboratory sections generally have some preparatory responsibility for a laboratory. All GTAs are under the direct supervision of the faculty member in charge of the course. Program Attributes The Department of Biology and Marine Biology of the University of North Carolina Wilmington began offering the master of science in marine biology program in 1980 and the master of science in biology in 1989. Since the inception of these programs, we have graduated 458 students. The programs have gained an international reputation and have averaged 110 applications per year over the past six years for fall admission. The programs are selective, admitting 20% of applicants on average. The rate of matriculation of accepted students has also been high, with a mean of 88% for the past three years. The programs have been highly successful based upon a number of performance measures. Over the past seven years, the modal time to graduation was 2.5 years and the placement rate for graduates in Ph.D. programs and jobs in the field has been 92.4%. Graduate students have been extremely prolific in both publishing scientific papers and making presentations at regional, national and international scientific meetings. The number of such publications over the past five years has exceeded 70 and presentations number in excess of 120. This represents approximately 1.5 presentations and 1 publication per graduating M.S. student for these years. The graduate programs operate in a dynamic and growing department with a strong and productive faculty. The graduate faculty are all engaged in active research programs, have substantial records of publication and grant support. External funding in the department has more than doubled over the past five years with new grants exceeding $3.2 million this year. The graduate programs also integrate well with strong undergraduate programs in biology and marine biology. Graduate students serve vital roles as teaching assistants for numerous undergraduate laboratory sections. All of the students in the graduate programs are supported with stipends, either as teaching or research assistants. The stipend levels have increased over the period of this review and are currently $11,000. Presently, all of our students who are not classified as North Carolina residents receive a 6-8 credit hour out-of-state tuition remission or grant that pays the difference between in-state and out-of-state tuition. Out-of-state tuition remissions are competitive. Degree Requirements The program requires 30 semester hours of graduate study. Six semester hours of credit may be transferred from another accredited institution. Grades earned on transfer work must be equivalent to “B” or better. A minimum of 24 semester hours of graduate study must be completed in residence. No more than nine hours of graduate level courses offered by other science departments at UNCW may be applied toward the degree. Undergraduate courses taken to make up deficiencies will not count toward the 30 hours required. All deficiencies must be remedied prior to graduation. The student must successfully complete a comprehensive examination based on prior coursework and an oral defense of the thesis. Each student will present a thesis, based on original research, acceptable to the thesis advisory committee, prior to graduation. Each student must complete an approved course of study within five years of the date of the first registration for graduate study. Graduate School Application Deadlines Fall Semester - June 15 midnight EST (Encouraged to apply by March 15 midnight EST) Spring Semester - November 30 midnight EST (Encouraged to apply by October 15 midnight EST Undergraduate Program Requirements for Admission to the Biology or Marine Biology Program 1. Completion of 24 semester hours of credit with at least a 2.0 overall grade point average from an accredited four year university or college; or an associates degree from an accredited two year college. 2. Completion of BIO 201 (Principles of Biology: Cells) and 202 (Principles of Biology: Biodiversity), or equivalent courses with a grade of "C" (2.0) or better in both courses. The Department of Biology and Marine Biology offers five undergraduate degree programs to meet students’ needs. The B.S. Biology degree provides the background needed for further education in graduate or professional schools as well as jobs at the baccalaureate level. This program supports plans for pre-health professionals, pre-veterinary science, conservation biology, and molecular or clinical interests. The B.S. Marine Biology degree provides a firm foundation in the biological sciences with an emphasis on marine biology, preparing the student for graduate study in marine biology or for jobs at the baccalaureate level. This program makes full use of the natural laboratories provided by nearby ocean, marsh, tidal flat and estuarine habitats surrounding the campus. The B.A. Biology degree is a flexible program that can be designed by the student and advisor to meet personal educational goals or specific licensure requirements on both the undergraduate/graduate level. Classroom and laboratory instruction is supplemented by field trips to adjacent oceanic, estuarine, and terrestrial laboratories. The department maintains a modern 2,250 square-foot greenhouse, extensive plant and animal collections, and a state-of-the-art microscopy center. Additionally, UNCW manages several terrestrial and marine areas used for classroom activities and the Center for Marine Science providing access and support for marine and estuarine work. Opportunities for Involvement in Research A major emphasis of the programs offered by the Department of Biology and Marine Biology at UNCW is student involvement in research activities. Teaching and research with well-planned laboratory and field studies create opportunities for students to learn and to practice skills necessary for professional development in the sciences. Our faculty encourage student participation in research through a variety of means, including honors work, directed independent research projects, internships, and student research assistantships. These research activities have resulted in opportunities for students to present at scientific meetings and to contribute with faculty to research publications as well as participate in faculty-led, cutting edge research projects. Careers in Biology and Marine Biology A degree in biology or marine biology provides the background for entrance into many exciting careers in the biological sciences, including biomedical professions, teaching, environmental work, work with agencies, both public and private, as well as research and collaboration in the fields within the discipline. Many of our graduates become leaders and innovators working in exciting careers for state or federal agencies, colleges or universities, biomedical or veterinary firms, private companies, or conservation organizations. Teaching in public schools or at the college level is a critical need in a knowledge-based economy and a career pursued by many of our graduates. Students in the department have access to a full-time departmental advisor as well as faculty advisors for marine and environmental sciences, medical/professional schools, pre-veterinarian careers, and other biological disciplines. Requirements for Admission to a Major in Biology or Marine Biology A student may declare a major in biology or marine biology after completing BIO 201 and BIO 202, or equivalent courses, with a grade of “C” (2.00) or better in both courses, and the completion of a minimum of 24 semester hours of credit. Transfer students wishing to declare a major in biology or marine biology must meet admission requirements, which are: completion of 24 semester credit hours from an accredited four-year college or university and a 2.00 grade point average in two biology courses with labs, preferably BIO 201 and BIO 202 , or equivalents; or, completion of an associate degree from an accredited two-year college and a 2.00 grade point average in two biology courses with labs. Students who apply to the Department of Biology and Marine Biology and do not meet the admission requirements will be considered pre-majors. All students who desire a degree in biology or marine biology must meet the admissions requirements and declare a major to be eligible to graduate. [-]