PhD Degree in Nottingham United Kingdom

Top PhD Programs in Nottingham United Kingdom 2017

PhD

A PhD, also known as a Doctor of Philosophy degree, is a doctorate awarded by a university to the academic who has met all necessary qualifications and can now be considered a doctor in his or her academic field.

One of the Post Graduate academic degrees that are awarded by the Universities is the Doctor of Philosophy; abbreviated as PhD. Depending on the time periods for entry-level degrees and other factors, PhD programs vary from one country to another as well as from institution to the other. With the attainment of the degree, you earn the academic title of a Doctor. The courses are available to all students who meet minimum requirements worldwide.

UK, United Kingdom is more than 300 years old and comprises four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The UK has been a centre of learning for the past 1,000 years and possesses many ancient and distinguished universities. Foreign students make up a significant proportion of the student body at UK universities.

Nottingham is known for the legend of Robin Hood, two large theatres and many museums and galleries. It’s also home to two universities that have over 60 thousand students, 12 thousand of whom are international.

Search Doctorate Degrees in Nottingham in United Kingdom 2017

Read More

MPhil/PhD Politics and International Relations

The University of Nottingham - Faculty of Social Sciences
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 6 years September 2017 United Kingdom Nottingham + 1 more

The school offers MPhil and PhD supervision in most subject areas of politics and international relations and students are encouraged to play an active role in the school's research centres and institutes as well as the activities of the school as a whole. [+]

Doctorate Studies 2017 in Nottingham United Kingdom. MPhil/PhD Politics and International Relations A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. A MPhil requires research skills and training similar to a PhD yet its scope and complexity are less than that required for a doctorate. The MPhil is assessed by the submission of a thesis. The school offers MPhil and PhD supervision in most subject areas of politics and students are encouraged to play an active role in the school's research centres and institutes as well as the activities of the school as a whole. A weekly Research Student Colloquium runs during term-time, and serves to bring the research student community together on a regular basis. Organised by students and facilitated by the Director of Postgraduate Research, it acts as a supportive form for presenting work in progress and advancing research. We organise our research around our centres and institutes and are proud of our wide-ranging expertise to supervise PhD topics covering the three major sub-fields of comparative politics, international relations and political theory. At Nottingham, you will be allocated two academic supervisors. Facilities School facilities In addition to the IT facilities provided by the University, the school offers all full-time postgraduate research students registered with the school their own workspace in rooms designated for use by research students. Students are provided with computer, printing and photocopying facilities and are given a generous printing and photocopying allowance. Library facilities The Hallward Library stocks a large number of politics related publications and journals. Our library facilities open long hours and include areas for group work, individual and silent study. The Graduate School The Graduate School is a unique facility that focuses on postgraduate education and represent the needs of postgraduate students within the University. It provides a world class research training and development environment for postgraduates and early career researchers. The Social Sciences and Arts Graduate Centre is a space exclusively for postgraduate students and research staff in the faculties of Arts and Social Sciences. It offers networked computer stations and Wi-Fi access for laptops, a study area, a social area with comfortable seating, a quiet study zone, and kitchen facilities. Doctoral Training Centre The Nottingham Economic and Social Research Council Doctoral Training Centre (ESRC DTC) is one of just 21 centres to receive accreditation by the Economic and Social Research Council and supports students to undertake cutting-edge interdisciplinary research. The Centre offers advanced training opportunities to postgraduate social science researchers. Research support Colloquium The school runs a weekly colloquium for postgraduate research students giving you the opportunity to present your work in front of other research students and staff with similar research interests to your own. Research seminars The school runs research seminars for staff and postgraduate research students. Postgraduate research students are encouraged to become members of one or more of the school's research centres. The research centres offer a full programme of workshops, reading groups, talks and conferences. Teaching experience In view of a possible future career in academia, postgraduate research students are encouraged to undertake some undergraduate teaching in their second and/or third year of postgraduate research. The University's Graduate School runs training sessions related to teaching - students who wish to teach are requested to attend a number of these during their first year of postgraduate research study. The Graduate School The Graduate School is a unique facility that focuses on postgraduate education and represent the needs of postgraduate students within the University. It provides a world class research training and development environment for postgraduates and early career researchers. The Social Sciences and Arts Graduate Centre is a space exclusively for postgraduate students and research staff in the faculties of Arts and Social Sciences. It offers networked computer stations and Wi-Fi access for laptops, a study area, a social area with comfortable seating, a quiet study zone, and kitchen facilities. Doctoral Training Centre The Nottingham Economic and Social Research Council Doctoral Training Centre (ESRC DTC) is one of just 21 centres to receive accreditation by the Economic and Social Research Council and supports students to undertake cutting-edge interdisciplinary research. The Centre offers advanced training opportunities to postgraduate social science researchers. Careers Average starting salary and career progression In 2015, 82% of postgraduates in the School of Politics and International Relations who were available for employment had secured work or further study within six months of graduation.* Career destinations for our graduates include economists, management consultants, researchers, statisticians and university lecturers. Companies and organisations our graduates have gone to work for include Channel 4, the European Union, GCHQ, Reuters and the Thailand National Police Department. * Known destinations of full-time home higher degree postgraduates 2014/15. Career prospects and employability Our award-winning Careers and Employability Service will help you to plan your career throughout your time at the University and beyond. Services available include: presentations and drop-in sessions with employers one-to-one careers guidance and CV sessions with our advisers careers events held each academic year a specialist careers adviser for research postgraduates Once you are a student with us, and even after you graduate, you will have access to our service for life. Flexible paid placements Postgraduate Placements Nottingham offers flexible paid placements with a range of employers from small local businesses to multinational organisations. These placements are open to all postgraduates and are designed to fit in with your studies and give you the opportunity to learn transferable skills, improve your CV and enhance your employment prospects during your postgraduate studies. Duration 3 years full-time, 6 years part-time (PhD); 2 years full-time, 4 years part-time (MPhil) Entry requirements Applicants typically require a masters degree (or international equivalent) in a relevant discipline, with an average mark of 60% or above IELTS 7.0 (no less than 6.0 in any element) If these grades are not met, English preparatory courses are available [-]

PhD Cultural and Historical Geography

The University of Nottingham - Faculty of Social Sciences
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 6 years February 2017 United Kingdom Nottingham + 1 more

A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. [+]

PhD Cultural and Historical Geography A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. Cultural and Historical Geography is a distinctive, internationally-renowned research theme within the School of Geography. Research in this area is shaped by, and has shaped, wider developments in the arts, humanities and social sciences. Research combines sustained engagement with empirical material with commitment to theoretical innovation, and demonstrates the geographical and historical diversity of subject matter with cultural and historical geography. The research agenda in cultural and historical geography has been shaped by three interconnected themes: Cultures of Landscape Historical Geographies of Empire, Environment and Health Histories of Geographical and Environmental Knowledge Postgraduate students are strongly integrated into our research, contributing across all areas of activity and reflecting the international scope of our work. Students are allocated at least two supervisors - at least one of whom is identified prior to admission. We make every effort to match applicants to staff on the basis of their research interests, and regular reviews are held to ensure smooth progress of your research work. Facilities School facilities You will be provided with your own desk space and laptop, and have access to the wider University computing and library facilities. Photocopying and telephone facilities are also provided. The school also has a number of specialised facilities. Library facilities The Hallward Library stocks all of the major geography publications and journals. Our library facilities open long hours and include areas for group work, individual and silent study. The Graduate School The Graduate School is a unique facility that focuses on postgraduate education and represent the needs of postgraduate students within the University. It provides a world class research training and development environment for postgraduates and early career researchers. The Social Sciences and Arts Graduate Centre is a space exclusively for postgraduate students and research staff in the faculties of Arts and Social Sciences. It offers networked computer stations and Wi-Fi access for laptops, a study area, a social area with comfortable seating, a quiet study zone, and kitchen facilities. Doctoral Training Centre The Nottingham Economic and Social Research Council Doctoral Training Centre (ESRC DTC) is one of just 21 centres to receive accreditation by the Economic and Social Research Council and supports students to undertake cutting-edge interdisciplinary research. The Centre offers advanced training opportunities to postgraduate social science researchers. Research support Research seminars Postgraduates are integrated into the research community of the school through participation in research seminars given by visiting speakers, and research workshops given by members of the school. There is an active postgraduate research group in each of the school's four key research areas. Funding support Students are provided with a minimum annual support grant of £500 and you are encouraged to apply for further school and University funding, for example, for conference attendance. Teaching opportunities Second and third year research students are encouraged to act as academic tutors, generally to first year undergraduates. This provides valuable training for a future career in academic life, as well as an excellent opportunity to develop a range of presentation and organisational skills. Students who undertake tutoring receive training in communication and teaching skills. There are also opportunities to gain teaching experience by demonstrating on a number of undergraduate modules. Student Services Student Services provide a range of support, information and specialist services to enhance your student experience and form part of a comprehensive network of services at the University designed to support you throughout your studies, including academic and disability support, counselling, financial support, and childcare services. International Office Our International Office is dedicated to the needs of our international and EU students. The International Office will ensure you have all the information you need to live and study at Nottingham and offers a Welcome Programme just before the start of the academic year. Centre for English Language Education The University's Centre for English Language Education (CELE) provides high-quality preparation and English language support before and during your studies, as well as providing a social programme for its students. Students' Union The Students' Union is an important source of support with their own Student Advice Centre. Researcher Development Programme Working closely with academic schools, the Graduate School's dedicated training team contribute to faculty specific and doctoral training programmes. They also deliver core training in line with the standards set out by the UK's major research funders through their Researcher Development Programme. This means that as well as helping you to develop your research skills, you will have opportunities spanning communication skills, careers, time management, and entrepreneurship - and the chance to meet and work alongside researchers from other disciplines. Careers Average starting salary and career progression In 2015, 95% of postgraduates in the School of Geography who were available for employment had secured work or further study within six months of graduation.* Our postgraduate students are sought after by a diverse range of employers. Recent postgraduates have gone on to work in scientific consultancy, environmental management, retail, the charity sector, transport and logistics, and local government. * Known destinations of full-time home higher degree postgraduates 2014/15. Career prospects and employability Our award-winning Careers and Employability Service will help you to plan your career throughout your time at the University and beyond. Services available include: presentations and drop-in sessions with employers one-to-one careers guidance and CV sessions with our advisers careers events held each academic year a specialist careers adviser for research postgraduates Once you are a student with us, and even after you graduate, you will have access to our service for life. Flexible paid placements Postgraduate Placements Nottingham offers flexible paid placements with a range of employers from small local businesses to multinational organisations. These placements are open to all postgraduates and are designed to fit in with your studies and give you the opportunity to learn transferable skills, improve your CV and enhance your employment prospects during your postgraduate studies. [-]

PhD Sociology and Social Policy

The University of Nottingham - Faculty of Social Sciences
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 6 years January 2017 United Kingdom Nottingham + 1 more

The school has a strong and vibrant community of postgraduate research students. We are proud of being a site for creativity and innovation in and across our areas of research expertise and are dedicated to developing our students' research skills, expertise and career in a supportive and collegial environment. [+]

Doctorate Studies 2017 in Nottingham United Kingdom. PhD Sociology and Social Policy A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. The school has a strong and vibrant community of postgraduate research students. We are proud of being a site for creativity and innovation in and across our areas of research expertise and are dedicated to developing our students' research skills, expertise and career in a supportive and collegial environment. Our research students are encouraged to participate in the school's academic life and to work with the research centres that reflect their research area. The school also supports the postgraduate journal and conference ENQUIRE. This programme combines advanced research training, high-quality supervision and feedback, and a vibrant and active research community. A PhD is an opportunity for you to conduct an extensive, original piece of research of your own choosing, with feedback and support from two academic supervisors. The school's academic staff have a wide range of research interests and expertise within and beyond the disciplines of sociology, social policy and administration, social work, criminology, science and technology and public policy. Many of our students undertake interdisciplinary research projects. Our PhD programme is recognised by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) through the Doctoral Training Centre, offering both one-plus-three degrees and three year degrees. For the one-plus-three route, students undertake an initial year of Research Methods training, leading to an MA, prior to progressing to develop their main research focus. Facilities School facilities The school provides PhD students with well-equipped work bases, with access to telephone, fax, email and online bibliographic facilities along with access to up to date computing facilities. Library facilities The Hallward Library stocks a large number of sociology and social policy related publications and journals. Our library facilities open long hours and include areas for group work, individual and silent study. The Graduate School The Graduate School is a unique facility that focuses on postgraduate education and represent the needs of postgraduate students within the University. It provides a world class research training and development environment for postgraduates and early career researchers. The Social Sciences and Arts Graduate Centre is a space exclusively for postgraduate students and research staff in the faculties of Arts and Social Sciences. It offers networked computer stations and Wi-Fi access for laptops, a study area, a social area with comfortable seating, a quiet study zone, and kitchen facilities. Doctoral Training Centre The Nottingham Economic and Social Research Council Doctoral Training Centre (ESRC DTC) is one of just 21 centres to receive accreditation by the Economic and Social Research Council and supports students to undertake cutting-edge interdisciplinary research. The Centre offers advanced training opportunities to postgraduate social science researchers. Research support Student Services Student Services provide a range of support, information and specialist services to enhance your student experience and form part of a comprehensive network of services at the University designed to support you throughout your studies, including academic and disability support, counselling, financial support, and childcare services. International Office Our International Office is dedicated to the needs of our international and EU students. The International Office will ensure you have all the information you need to live and study at Nottingham and offers a Welcome Programme just before the start of the academic year. Centre for English Language Education The University's Centre for English Language Education (CELE) provides high-quality preparation and English language support before and during your studies, as well as providing a social programme for its students. Students' Union The Students' Union is an important source of support with their own Student Advice Centre. Researcher Development Programme Working closely with academic schools, the Graduate School's dedicated training team contribute to faculty specific and doctoral training programmes. They also deliver core training in line with the standards set out by the UK's major research funders through their Researcher Development Programme. This means that as well as helping you to develop your research skills, you will have opportunities spanning communication skills, careers, time management, and entrepreneurship - and the chance to meet and work alongside researchers from other disciplines. Careers Average starting salary and career progression In 2015, 100% of postgraduates in the School of Sociology and Social Policy who were available for employment had secured work or further study within six months of graduation. The average starting salary was £27,031 with the highest being £40,800.* Recent graduates have been successful in securing a diverse range of occupations in both the public and private sector. These include housing, research, marketing, support work, human resources, and journalism. * Known destinations of full-time home higher degree postgraduates 2014/15. Salaries are calculated based on those in full-time paid employment within the UK. Career prospects and employability Our award-winning Careers and Employability Service will help you to plan your career throughout your time at the University and beyond. Services available include: presentations and drop-in sessions with employers one-to-one careers guidance and CV sessions with our advisers careers events held each academic year a specialist careers adviser for research postgraduates Once you are a student with us, and even after you graduate, you will have access to our service for life. Flexible paid placements Postgraduate Placements Nottingham offers flexible paid placements with a range of employers from small local businesses to multinational organisations. These placements are open to all postgraduates and are designed to fit in with your studies and give you the opportunity to learn transferable skills, improve your CV and enhance your employment prospects during your postgraduate studies. Entry requirements Masters degree with an average mark of 60% or above, plus a 2:1 (or international equivalent) in any discipline IELTS 7.0 (no less than 6.0 in any element). If these grades are not met, English preparatory courses are available [-]

PhD Environment and Society

The University of Nottingham - Faculty of Social Sciences
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 6 years February 2017 United Kingdom Nottingham + 1 more

A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. [+]

PhD Environment and Society A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. This research theme focuses on the expertise developed within the School of Geography's Environment and Society research theme. Research by members of this theme focuses on topics at the environment-society interface in various geographical contexts and scales. Work in this research theme has been focused on four key areas: Sustainable Rural and Urban Land Management Farming, Food and Forestry The Sustainable Use and Management of Water Health and Environment Theme members act as advisors to UK Government agencies, international agencies and development organisations and play leading roles in professional bodies (eg. SiLC and Geological Society) and learned societies (eg. RGS IBG). Postgraduate students are strongly integrated into our research, contributing across all areas of activity and reflecting the international scope of our work. You will be allocated at least two supervisors - at least one of whom is identified prior to admission. We make every effort to match applicants to staff on the basis of their research interests, and regular reviews are held to ensure smooth progress of your research work. Facilities School facilities You will be provided with your own desk space and laptop, and have access to the wider University computing and library facilities. Photocopying and telephone facilities are also provided. The school also has a number of specialised facilities. Library facilities The Hallward Library stocks all of the major geography publications and journals. Our library facilities open long hours and include areas for group work, individual and silent study. The Graduate School The Graduate School is a unique facility that focuses on postgraduate education and represent the needs of postgraduate students within the University. It provides a world class research training and development environment for postgraduates and early career researchers. The Social Sciences and Arts Graduate Centre is a space exclusively for postgraduate students and research staff in the faculties of Arts and Social Sciences. It offers networked computer stations and Wi-Fi access for laptops, a study area, a social area with comfortable seating, a quiet study zone, and kitchen facilities. Doctoral Training Centre The Nottingham Economic and Social Research Council Doctoral Training Centre (ESRC DTC) is one of just 21 centres to receive accreditation by the Economic and Social Research Council and supports students to undertake cutting-edge interdisciplinary research. The Centre offers advanced training opportunities to postgraduate social science researchers. Research support Research seminars Postgraduates are integrated into the research community of the school through participation in research seminars given by visiting speakers, and research workshops given by members of the school. A vibrant seminar series encourages postgraduates to share current research findings and develop new agendas with support from academic colleagues. Funding support Students are provided with a minimum annual support grant of £500 and encouraged to apply for further school and University funding, for example, for conference attendance. Teaching opportunities Second and third year research students are encouraged to act as academic tutors, generally to first year undergraduates. This provides valuable training for a future career in academic life, as well as an excellent opportunity to develop a range of presentation and organisational skills. Students who undertake tutoring receive training in communication and teaching skills. There are also opportunities to gain teaching experience by demonstrating on a number of undergraduate modules. Student Services Student Services provide a range of support, information and specialist services to enhance your student experience and form part of a comprehensive network of services at the University designed to support you throughout your studies, including academic and disability support, counselling, financial support, and childcare services. International Office Our International Office is dedicated to the needs of our international and EU students. The International Office will ensure you have all the information you need to live and study at Nottingham and offers a Welcome Programme just before the start of the academic year. Centre for English Language Education The University's Centre for English Language Education (CELE) provides high-quality preparation and English language support before and during your studies, as well as providing a social programme for its students. Students' Union The Students' Union is an important source of support with their own Student Advice Centre. Researcher Development Programme Working closely with academic schools, the Graduate School's dedicated training team contribute to faculty specific and doctoral training programmes. They also deliver core training in line with the standards set out by the UK's major research funders through their Researcher Development Programme. This means that as well as helping you to develop your research skills, you will have opportunities spanning communication skills, careers, time management, and entrepreneurship - and the chance to meet and work alongside researchers from other disciplines. Careers Average starting salary and career progression In 2015, 95% of postgraduates in the School of Geography who were available for employment had secured work or further study within six months of graduation.* Our postgraduate students are sought after by a diverse range of employers. Recent postgraduates have gone on to work in scientific consultancy, environmental management, retail, the charity sector, transport and logistics, and local government. * Known destinations of full-time home higher degree postgraduates 2014/15. Career prospects and employability Our award-winning Careers and Employability Service will help you to plan your career throughout your time at the University and beyond. Services available include: presentations and drop-in sessions with employers one-to-one careers guidance and CV sessions with our advisers careers events held each academic year a specialist careers adviser for research postgraduates Once you are a student with us, and even after you graduate, you will have access to our service for life. Flexible paid placements Postgraduate Placements Nottingham offers flexible paid placements with a range of employers from small local businesses to multinational organisations. These placements are open to all postgraduates and are designed to fit in with your studies and give you the opportunity to learn transferable skills, improve your CV and enhance your employment prospects during your postgraduate studies. [-]

PhD Economics

The University of Nottingham - Faculty of Social Sciences
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 6 years September 2017 United Kingdom Nottingham + 1 more

The Economics PhD offers students the opportunity to study economics to PhD level, with expert supervision and additional research training. The programme consists of a combination of taught courses and supervised independent research, leading to the completion of a PhD thesis. [+]

Doctorate Studies 2017 in Nottingham United Kingdom. PhD Economics A PhD is the most advanced form of postgraduate study. It is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research and is assessed by an oral examination and final thesis. The Economics PhD offers students the opportunity to study economics to PhD level, with expert supervision and additional research training. The programme consists of a combination of taught courses and supervised independent research, leading to the completion of a PhD thesis. Because academic staff conduct world-leading research across a wide range of subjects, the school can offer expert supervision in most areas of the discipline. Students are allocated two supervisors and, while we make every effort to match applicants to staff on the basis of their research interests, it is not always possible due to staff capacity constraints. Regular annual and quarterly reviews are held to ensure smooth progress of the research work. During the first year, students complete taught courses in order to acquire the necessary skills and background knowledge for their research. Some are compulsory and some are recommended by their supervisors. All students take the PhD Economics Research Methods module and at least one other module. They also undertake research and generic skills training, provided by the School of Economics and the Graduate School, and start work on their research. From the second year, students focus in more detail on their research. Training is also provided for the preparation of articles for submission to academic journals and for applying for jobs in academia. Graduates from our PhD programme have helped advance the frontier of economic knowledge across a wide range of economics sub-fields, evidenced by their offer of positions in the best universities around the world upon graduation, as well as in policy agencies (World Bank, IMF, OECD etc) and the publication of their research in top economics journals. As a consequence, Nottingham has long been viewed as a leading PhD programme in the UK and more widely. Key facts Nottingham was awarded the highest possible score in the latest Quality Assurance Agency teaching review The latest Tilburg ranking of economics departments puts the school 6th in the UK, 13th in Europe and 36th in the world We are ranked 6th among the UK's economics departments for research power in the latest Research Excellence Framework Facilities School facilities The school provides a range of resources for postgraduate research students, including computing, software and study facilities. Computers support standard packages, as well as a wide-range of specialist statistical, mathematical and programming applications. Library facilities The Hallward Library stocks all of the major economics publications and journals. Our library facilities open long hours and include areas for group work, individual and silent study. The Graduate School The Graduate School is a unique facility that focuses on postgraduate education and represent the needs of postgraduate students within the University. It provides a world class research training and development environment for postgraduates and early career researchers. The Social Sciences and Arts Graduate Centre is a space exclusively for postgraduate students and research staff in the faculties of Arts and Social Sciences. It offers networked computer stations and Wi-Fi access for laptops, a study area, a social area with comfortable seating, a quiet study zone, and kitchen facilities. Doctoral Training Centre The Nottingham Economic and Social Research Council Doctoral Training Centre (ESRC DTC) is one of just 21 centres to receive accreditation by the Economic and Social Research Council and supports students to undertake cutting-edge interdisciplinary research. The Centre offers advanced training opportunities to postgraduate social science researchers. Research support Seminars Students are encouraged to participate in the school's busy seminar and workshop programmes, allowing them to engage with top international academics in the field. Each year, masterclasses on specific themes are held by leading researchers visiting the school. Conferences Students are also encouraged to present papers to external conferences, and their attendance is supported financially by the school. There is also an annual conference where students present their work to academic staff and fellow students. Teaching opportunities Second and third year research students are encouraged to act as academic tutors, generally to first year undergraduates. This provides valuable training for a future career in academia, as well as an excellent opportunity to develop a range of presentation and organisational skills. Students who undertake tutoring receive training in communication and teaching skills. Student Services Student Services provide a range of support, information and specialist services to enhance your student experience and form part of a comprehensive network of services at the University designed to support you throughout your studies, including academic and disability support, counselling, financial support, and childcare services. International Office Our International Office is dedicated to the needs of our international and EU students. The International Office will ensure you have all the information you need to live and study at Nottingham and offers a Welcome Programme just before the start of the academic year. Centre for English Language Education The University's Centre for English Language Education (CELE) provides high-quality preparation and English language support before and during your studies, as well as providing a social programme for its students. Students' Union The Students' Union is an important source of support with their own Student Advice Centre. Researcher Development Programme Working closely with academic schools, the Graduate School's dedicated training team contribute to faculty specific and doctoral training programmes. They also deliver core training in line with the standards set out by the UK's major research funders through their Researcher Development Programme. This means that as well as helping you to develop your research skills, you will have opportunities spanning communication skills, careers, time management, and entrepreneurship - and the chance to meet and work alongside researchers from other disciplines. Careers Average starting salary and career progression In 2014, 91.3% of postgraduates in the School of Economics who were available for employment had secured work or further study within six months of graduation. The average starting salary was £31,889 with the highest being £48,000.* Graduates from our PhD programme go on to have successful careers in a wide range of areas. Many go on to academia and we have successfully placed students in universities including Yale, Oxford, Nottingham, LSE, Warwick, Manchester, Durham, Birmingham, Bristol, East Anglia, Surrey, Bonn, Innsbruck, Ecole Polytechnique, Sau Paulo and Xiamen. Others have gone on to positions in The World Bank, IMF, OECD, European Commission, European Central Bank as well as various government department and policy institutes. *Known destinations of full-time home and EU postgraduates, 2013/14. Career prospects and employability Our award-winning Careers and Employability Service will help you to plan your career throughout your time at the University and beyond. Services available include: Presentations and drop-in sessions with employers One-to-one careers guidance and CV sessions with our advisers Over 700 careers events held each academic year A specialist careers adviser for research postgraduates Once you are a student with us, and even after you graduate, you will have access to our service for life. Flexible paid placements Postgraduate Placements Nottingham offers flexible paid placements with a range of employers from small local businesses to multinational organisations. These placements are open to all postgraduates and are designed to fit in with your studies and give you the opportunity to learn transferable skills, improve your CV and enhance your employment prospects during your postgraduate studies. Entry requirements Applicants should have, or expect to have, a good masters qualification in economics, equivalent to an overall average of 63% in an ESRC-recognised UK MSc degree (Non-UK qualifications will be assessed against this standard) IELTS 7.0 with no less than 6.0 in any one element. If these grades are not met, English preparatory courses are available [-]