Doctorate In Law, Society And Tourism

Universidad de La Laguna

Program Description

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Doctorate In Law, Society And Tourism

Universidad de La Laguna

The Doctoral Program in Law, Society and Tourism presented here to be taught in accordance with RD 99/2011, integrates, substitutes and expands the scientific field of the current Doctoral Program in Tourism implemented by agreement of the Canary Islands Government Council. February 10, 2011 (BOC No.33 of February 15, 2011), and enrolled in the Register of Universities, Centers and Titles.

The Doctoral Program that is proposed is developed from the Doctorate in Tourism, currently in force at the University of La Laguna since February 2011. This program was organized through five main lines of research, although the work is often linked to several of these lines. These lines have an interdisciplinary emphasis. The five main lines of research were as follows:

  • Travel destinations (economic, social, environmental, planning, image, promotion, etc.)
  • Products and modalities of tourism (rural tourism, active, sun and beach, etc.)
  • Tourists (attitudes, motivation, decision making, etc.)
  • Resources (natural, cultural, etc.)
  • Companies and subsectors (hotels, intermediaries, etc.)

It arises from the need for third cycle training perceived by several research groups with faculty from the Faculties of Law, Political Science, Social Sciences and Communication, Economics, Business and Tourism, and Humanities, with the support of the University Institute of Sciences Policies and Social These Faculties offer a series of degrees and master's degrees that are part of the program, always open to potential doctoral students from other latitudes and training. Several doctoral students of extinction programs at the ULL are also incorporated, such as the Doctorate in Tourism, as well as others in Law or Social Sciences.

Currently has a score of first and second year students, developing their thesis among the three research lines of the doctorate. One of the characteristics of the program is its interdisciplinarity, which facilitates the interaction of Directors with a very diverse research history. Interdisciplinarity enriches the training of students and gives them a broader perspective than usual when it comes to addressing the research leading to their Doctoral thesis. Currently, connected to the program, a variety of research projects are developed with international, European, national and regional funding, which provide opportunities for doctoral students to join current research.


Starting from the Doctorate program in Tourism, this new project has expanded the approach to related areas of research, such as Social Sciences and Law, which are obviously of great relevance in tourism studies, but also an enormously diverse journey which is reflected in this proposal. It includes some of the most productive teams of the Faculties of Law, Political and Social Sciences, Economics and the School of Business and Tourism, which as detailed will impart a series of degrees and masters that can adequately nourish this Doctorate Program .

The studies of Diploma in Tourism began at the University of La Laguna in 1998. This degree was replaced in 2009 by the Degree in Tourism. Since 2007, the Master's Degree in Tourism Management and Planning has been uninterrupted, and since February 2011 the Doctorate in Tourism. Studies related to tourism have an important demand and career opportunities in the Canary Islands. These studies are integrated in the University School of Business Sciences, which also currently holds the degree in Accounting and Finance, as well as the official masters in Foreign Trade Management and Tourism Management and Planning.

The Faculty of Economics and Business Studies is also a relevant center for our doctorate, with degrees in Business Administration and Economics, as well as the Master in Regional Development, Training and Employment.

Also the Faculty of Geography and History develops relevant studies, it is possible to emphasize the Degree in Geography, of which a good number of doctoral students have arrived at the Doctorate in Tourism that is in the origins of the present proposal.

The studies of the degree of Sociology are integrated in the ULL as of the course 1999-2000 (BOE nº189 of August 9, 1999, Resolution of the ULL of 9 of July of 1999), in the Superior Center of Political and Social Sciences . Prior to its creation, since 1985 the Social Work studies were implemented in the University School of the same name, which today continue as a degree. As of 2005, the current denomination of the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences (Decree of the Government of the Canary Islands of May 24, 2005) is implanted, in which the degrees of Sociology, Social Work and Social Anthropology are integrated. the course 2012-2013). In this Faculty develops the Master in Community Social Intervention.

Law studies in Tenerife have a long history, which can be traced back to the 18th century with many vicissitudes. In the contemporary period, they were consolidated from the creation of the University of La Laguna, in 1927, which has among its foundational studies those of Law. The Faculty is one of the oldest of the ULL.

The current degree in law was approved in the session of October 22, 2007 of the Governing Council of the ULL.

It began its implementation in the 2010-11 academic year, and is already fully implemented. Along with these studies, the Faculty welcomes the Degree in Labor Relations, also implanted, the Master in Prevention of Occupational Risks and the Master in Urbanistic Law (in its third edition), being in process a Master in Economic Law.

On the other hand, in the area of ​​doctoral training, within the Faculty of Law, the Department of Basic Legal Disciplines, promoter of this project - according to the Council Department agreement of October 31, 2013-, integrated by the areas of Administrative Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Roman Law and History of Law, has offered a doctorate program, without interruption, since the course 1990-1991, according to successive regulatory regulations, from the titled "Transformations of Law in a Changing World " to the last,

"Natural resources, spatial planning and soil", already in extinction, limited to the research phase. These doctoral programs have allowed the reading of more than 35 doctoral theses.

Finally, it is worth noting the relevance of the University Institute in Political and Social Sciences of the ULL, which has actively promoted this Doctoral proposal and is constituted as a promoter and fundamental promoter of it.

It is an interdisciplinary center dedicated mainly to the realization of research projects, R + D + I contracts (basic and applied social research) and postgraduate and specialization teaching.

Research capacity

The University of La Laguna is located at a medium high level among Spanish universities of medium size.

According to the ranking of the Spanish Universities carried out by the group I-UGR of the University of Granada would be in the 11 of 45 position for the period 2008-2012 for the area "Other Social Sciences". The elaboration of these classifications is always debatable in terms of the criteria used, but the data described places relatively well to our University, especially if we consider its size.

The research capacity of the University of La Laguna in the field of tourism can be verified from the publication of a ranking of Latin American scientific research in tourism in volume 22 of the journal Estudios y Perspectivas de Turismo. The University of La Laguna ranks 10th in all universities in Spain and Latin America, both in terms of publishing articles in English-language journals and in publications in Latin American journals.

Much of the research activity of the promoters of this PhD is organized around the University Institute of Political and Social Sciences, cited above, created by Order of October 27, 1982 (BOE January 12, 1983, page 777). sena of the University of La Laguna. In its origins it was conceived as a center that should promote research on this subject in the Archipelago, and to some extent also as the germ of a future Faculty that would promote the degrees related to its object in the Islands. In 2007 we received the ANEP evaluation of the activity of the University Institute of Political and Social Sciences.

This evaluation gives an overall assessment of the activity carried out by the Institute as "good". This Institute is a research center of special relevance in the international context, having promoted or participated in a multiplicity of national and international research projects. The research groups of the University Institute of Political and Social Sciences (IUCC.PP. and SS.) have addressed issues related to this problem, among which we can highlight tourism, fishing, migration, management of natural resources and protected areas, heritage, religions, science and information technologies , education, etc., analyzed from cross-cutting approaches such as gender or governance, among many others. These themes have been expressed in multiple projects funded by the Canary Islands Government, the Ministry of Education, the European Union or other international funders, as detailed below. In some of them (Femmes Project, funded by the EU), for example, the explicit recognition of bodies such as the European Parliament has been achieved. Also published within the Institute is a magazine (PASOS, Magazine of Tourism and Cultural Heritage. ISSN 1695-7121), which has become an international reference in the theme of heritage and tourism. This magazine has been valued in a recent international study among the 40 best magazines in the world in the field of tourism and heritage. See "Rating tourism and hospitality journals" (McKercher, B., Law, R. and Lam, T. (2006) Tourism Management, 27: 1235-1252).

This Institute has constituted a way to promote in the ULL the investigations that are carried out from the Social Sciences, especially from disciplines such as Sociology, Social Anthropology, Economics, Constitutional Law etc., that find in this way a point to tackle interdisciplinary projects. This challenge of interdisciplinarity is one of the explicit goals of the center for future activity, as well as the way to achieve relevant scientific and social results. In general, it is precisely the works that are carried out at the intersections between the different social sciences, or between them and the life sciences, for example, those that usually offer more interesting and novel results. For this reason, many of the projects carried out from the center obey this pattern, overcoming the rigidity of the departmental academic frameworks linked to a single area of ​​knowledge. In this same sense, one of the goals that we are currently proposing is to promote the recognition of the works carried out from the Canary Islands or Canary Islands in the world scientific literature, and to this end we promote publications made from the Institute in journals included in the JCR, what for certain Social Sciences in Spain is to a certain extent a challenge.

For the Community of the Canary Islands, the presence of our Institute provides, in addition to the possibility of promoting advanced research in general terms, the possibility of obtaining expert advice in a whole series of fields that the research groups of IUCC.PP. and SS. have proved their worth. In this sense we have collaborated in applied projects of various types, ranging from the Canary Islands fisheries development plans to others related to tourism, science and new technologies, gender or education, to mention some of the recurring themes . During 2009 and 2010, we hosted the Tourism Structuring Project of the University of La Laguna, which attempted to join efforts on this topic among the different research groups of the ULL, in order to gain critical mass in human capital and scientific curriculum which allows access to European calls for proposals. Since that time, the theme of tourism has integrated a large number of members of the Institute, joining human capital previously dispersed in other Departments and Institutes of the ULL.

The group of law professors who participate in this doctoral program has an accredited and recognized research activity that is reflected in multiple publications, both monographs in national publishing houses and research articles in the reference journals of each legal specialty, and applied research through projects and contracts in matters of interest to society. In particular, members of the consolidated research groups such as Administrative Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law and Financial and Tax Law are added to this program. Without detriment to the investigation of each group and legal discipline, some concurrent research lines are recognized, such as the legal specialties of the Canaries, the management and protection of the soil in all its dimensions, and the judicial guarantee of rights and interests.

Potential demand of the Doctoral Program in Law, Society and Tourism

The potential demand for this doctoral program proposal is backed by the doctorate in tourism from which it is born, which currently has a total of 27 students enrolled. The 27 theses under development are being directed by 11 professors of this doctoral program attached to different areas of research.

These professors and their areas of research are:

  • Eduardo Parra López, Area of ​​Organization of Companies (1 thesis in project)
  • Francisco José Villar Rojas, Administrative Law Area (1 thesis in project)
  • Francisco José Ledesma Rodríguez, Area of ​​Economic Analysis (1 thesis in project)
  • José J. Pascual Fernández, Area of ​​Social Anthropology (2 thesis in project)
  • Josefa Rosa Marrero Rodríguez, Area of ​​Sociology (1 thesis in project)
  • Agustín Santana Talavera, Area of ​​Social Anthropology (5 thesis in project)
  • Moisés Ramón Simancas Cruz, Area of ​​Human Geography (8 theses in project)
  • Noemí Padrón Fumero, Area of ​​Applied Economics (1 thesis in project)
  • Raúl Hernández Martín, Area of ​​Applied Economics (3 thesis in project)
  • Ricardo Jesús Díaz Armas, Area of ​​Marketing and Market Research (2 theses in project)
  • Manuel Santana Turégano, Area of ​​Sociology (2 theses in project)

The doctoral program proposed here will certainly count on a much larger number of students by integrating a much broader theme and a much more diverse set of research groups.

The number of new students for the first and second years will be 25. According to the Regulations for progress and permanence in official degrees at the University of La Laguna, the maximum number of part-time students in this program is 10, to be included in the total of 25 previously mentioned.

Integration of the doctoral program in the R & D & I strategy of the ULL

The PhD program in Society, Law and Tourism is part of the ULL's R & D & I strategy, which includes the development of the Atlantic Campus of International (TICON) (Campus of Excellence) Campus, an area of ​​excellence which should be from 2015 Atlantic reference in Europe as a receptor and catalyst for talent in teaching, research, innovation and transfer projects with Africa and Latin America and, under the common denominator of a comprehensive sustainability model for its development. The Campus is already being an indispensable element for the development towards the new economic, productive and social structure of the Canary Islands. One of the actions of the aforementioned Tricontinental Atlantic Campus is directly linked to the research lines of the PhD program in Society, Law and Tourism. One of the priority lines of the mentioned campus is tourism, being one of the key elements of the economy of the Canary Archipelago.

Improvements in competitiveness are based on a sustainable and global approach, which will strengthen key sectors, promote new sectors linked to the thematic areas of the Campus and help generate employment. This model will take advantage of the geo-strategic position of the Canary Islands as a bridge from Europe to West Africa, Macaronesia and Latin America. That is why the Tricontinental Atlantic Campus will exercise the university axis within the national project to strengthen the Canary Islands as a strategic European tricontinental bridge in the Atlantic.

The subprojects that define it cover all areas of excellence: teacher improvement, adaptation to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), scientific improvement, innovation and knowledge transfer, campus transformation and internationalization. In this context, studies in Law, Social and Economic Sciences and Tourism have a special relevance in this context, since in the processes of social transformation sponsored by the Campus of Excellence, minimizing negative impacts in both social and environmental fields is a key element. Likewise, the specialization of various program researchers in governance issues will facilitate the implementation of many of the proposed innovations avoiding potential negative effects.

In the CEI-CANARIAS educational platforms of quality and excellence are developed from the framework of the International Graduate School of Education, while reinforcing great infrastructures of excellence. The effort and progress of the ULL has been fundamental in recent years, as a catalyst for talent through its training activities, making a large percentage of the research done in the Canary Islands, transferring to society and the productive fabric the knowledge generated and acquiring real commitments for a production model based on knowledge.

Integration of the doctoral program in Law, Society and Tourism in the Doctoral School of the ULL

It should be noted that the PhD program in Law, Society and Tourism is linked to several centers (Faculties of Law, Political and Social Sciences, Economics and Business and University School of Business Sciences). Since it is mandatory to assign the program to a single center to integrate it into an internal quality assurance system, and since the University Institutes in the ULL do not have this approved procedure, the Faculty of Law was chosen as a center of ascription, bearing in mind a future linkage of the program with the Doctorate School of the University of La Laguna. The Faculty of Law was chosen in this scenario for its greater contribution of teachers with respect to the others that participate in the program. In the Resolution of January 17, 2013, which provides for the publication of the Official Teaching Regulations of the University of La Laguna, the path for the creation of the ULL Doctoral School (Art. 38). This implies that although in a transitional period the ULL Doctorate programs will be attached to specific Faculties, with the creation of the Doctoral School, as soon as possible they will be subsumed in the same. From this it will be derived that the School of Doctorate generates a system of internal guarantee of the quality developed specifically for the doctorate studies.

The creation of the Doctorate School was approved in the ordinary session of September 26, 2013 of the Governing Council of the University of La Laguna, pending its development and the creation of its quality assurance system.

With all of this, the ULL aims to maintain its indicators in terms of doctorates and establish a strategy that will allow to enhance its research results, taking them beyond those existing in the present. The objective of all this is that the new doctoral programs act as tractors of the research developed in the institution, and promote greater attention to their researchers in training, while regulating the processes of extinction of articulated doctoral programs according to previous normative dispositions.


Basic and General

  • CB11 - Systematic understanding of a field of study and mastery of skills and research methods related to the field.
  • CB12 - Ability to conceive, design or create, implement and adopt a substantial process of research or creation.
  • CB13 - Ability to contribute to expanding the frontiers of knowledge through original research.
  • CB14 - Ability to perform critical analysis and evaluation and synthesis of new and complex ideas.
  • CB15 - Ability to communicate with the academic and scientific community and society in general about their areas of expertise in the ways and languages ​​commonly used in the international scientific community.
  • CB16 - Ability to promote, within academic and professional contexts, scientific, technological, social, artistic or cultural advancement in a knowledge-based society.

Personal Skills and Skills

  • CA01 - Navigating our contexts in which there is little specific information.
  • CA02 - Find the key questions that must be answered to solve a complex problem.
  • CA03 - To design, create, develop and launch new and innovative projects in its field of knowledge.
  • CA04 - Work in both equipment and autonomously in an international or multidisciplinary context.
  • CA05 - Integrate knowledge, handle complexity, and formulate judgments with limited information.
  • CA06 - Criticism and defense of intellectual solutions.

Training activities

  • Training in Social Research Techniques
  • Workshop of Information Search, Writing and Scientific Communication
  • Entrepreneurship and employability workshop
  • Seminars and Conferences of the Program
  • Research Stays in other Centers
  • Participation in Congresses and Conferences

Lines of investigation

  • Line 1: Social Sciences
  • Line 2: Right
  • Line 3: Economy and Tourism

Admission criteria

The students that meet the requirements detailed above will be admitted to the research period according to the specific requirements of access and criteria of baremación that will apply the Academic Commission of the Doctorate Program as indicated below:

  • Specific access requirement: to be in possession of the English B1 (or equivalent)

In the admission process, the Academic Commission of the Doctorate Program will proceed to evaluate each one of the applications submitted according to the following criteria:

  • Students who have completed a master's degree included in the relation of the profile of optimal income or assimilable by the academic committee: 4 points.
  • Academic transcript of the degree of access and masters (up to 8 points), valuing with up to four points the grades in the degree and with four other points the grades in the postgraduate. The means will be applied in base 4 considering: Approved (1 point), Notable (2 points), Outstanding (3 points), Honors Matriculation (4 points).
  • Research merits (up to 3 points). In order to objectify this criterion, the following scores will be applied:
  • Publications and works, whatever their physical support, whose acceptance for publication is credible and related to the research lines of the Doctoral Program:
    • For each book: up to 0.5 points.
    • For each article or review: up to 0.25 points.
    • For each communication to congress: up to 0.15 points.

Accredited participation or collaboration in research projects related to the research lines of the Doctoral Program:

  • For each research project in which you have participated or collaborated: 0.5 points
  • Other merits related to the research, up to 1.5 points.
  • Professional merits related to the research lines of the Doctoral Program: up to 2 points, at the rate of 0.5 points per year of accredited experience.
  • Foreign language mastery (based on the requirement of English B1 for admission), up to a point in total
  • English B2, 0.5 points, C1 0.75 points, C2, 1 point. Other languages ​​of scientific relevance to a point.
  • Students with special educational needs: up to two points.

Requests from those who meet the aforementioned access requirements must be formalized in accordance with the procedures established by the University of La Laguna, with a detailed and documented curriculum that allows evaluating the previously detailed sections.

Part-time students

The program includes the possibility of admitting part-time students, as set out in Royal Decree 99/2011 and the doctoral regulations of the ULL. These cases must be justified on the basis of the nature of the work to be done and the conditions of the doctorate, but in any case they will be subject to the same access requirements and the baremación will meet the same criteria. The Academic Commission of the doctoral program is the body responsible for authorizing the applicant's enrollment in full-time or part-time dedication. It is also possible to change the dedication of the full-time student to part-time depending on the circumstances.

The change of modality of the doctoral student, in terms of dedication, must be presented duly justified, by means of a request addressed to said Commission, which will resolve the same and notify the corresponding Service of the University.

Students who wish to study this PhD program on a part-time basis must apply to the Academic Program Committee when they submit the application for admission to the Program or, once admitted, when there is any of the circumstances are listed below and enable recognition as part-time students.

The criteria and procedures for the admission of part-time students in this PhD Program will be in accordance with the Rules of Progress and Permanence of the University of La Laguna) and article 7 of the Regulation of Official Teachings of the University Doctorate of La Laguna. According to article 7.3 cited, applicants must justify the impossibility of carrying out these studies on a full-time basis for reasons of work activity, special educational needs, family care needs, high-performance or high-level athletes, as well as those other that are contemplated in the norms of permanence of the ULL or, as the case may be, in the regulation that develops them.

The change of dedication of the students is regulated in article 7.4 of the Regulation of Official Teaching of Doctorate of the University of La Laguna: The doctoral students can request the change of regime of dedication for justified reasons. The academic commission of the official doctoral program will issue a report on this matter authorizing or denying such change. An appeal against the resolution may be filed with the Rector within one month of notification.

Students with special educational needs

Applicants to the Doctorate program with special educational needs derived from their disability should first be referred to the Doctorate Program Coordinator to bring it to their attention.

In these cases, equal opportunities and full integration of university students with disabilities must be guaranteed in university academic life, as well as the promotion and awareness raising and awareness of all members of the university community.

Students with specific educational needs derived from the disability will count on the admission process with an academic adviser appointed by the Academic Commission of the Doctorate Program. This advisor may be your tutor or specialists nominated by the University of La Laguna. The Academic Commission of the Program will analyze in a special way the cases of students with special educational needs derived from disability in order to adapt the training program to guarantee the acquisition of the competences specific to the doctoral level. The Academic Committee will receive a report from the advisor and will submit the corresponding proposal to the Student Support Service, in application of the program of Attention to Students with Specific Needs of Educational Support (PAED) to identify the necessary support and counseling services that will assess the need of possible curricular adaptations or itineraries.

Students with special educational needs will receive a specific score in the admission procedure, according to what is established in this report: up to a maximum of 2 points. The purpose of this assignment is to promote equality in the conditions of admission of students with difficulties, to compensate the difficulties that these students have had throughout their academic life to obtain results comparable to those of students who do not have similar difficulties.

As detailed in the previous section, students with special educational needs may apply for part-time enrollment.

This school offers programs in:
  • Spanish

Last updated November 9, 2017
Duration & Price
This course is Campus based
Start Date
Start date
Sept. 2018
Part time
Full time
Spain - Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Start date: Sept. 2018
Application deadline Request Info
End date Request Info
Sept. 2018
Spain - Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Application deadline Request Info
End date Request Info