Doctorate in Law, Society and Tourism


Program Description

The Doctorate Program in Law, Society and Tourism presented here to be taught according to RD 99/2011, integrates, replaces and expands the scientific field of the current Doctorate Program in Tourism implemented by agreement of the Government Council of the Canary Islands February 10, 2011 (BOC No.33 of February 15, 2011), and registered in the Register of Universities, Centers and Titles.

The Doctorate Program that is proposed is developed from the Doctorate in Tourism, currently in force at the Universidad de La Laguna since February 2011. This program was organized through five major lines of research, although it is common for jobs to be linked to several of these lines. These lines have an interdisciplinary emphasis. The five main lines of research were the following:

  • Tourist destinations (economic, social, environmental impacts, planning, image, promotion, etc.)
  • Products and modalities of tourism (rural tourism, active, sun and beach, etc.)
  • Tourists (attitudes, motivation, decision making, etc.)
  • Resources (natural, cultural, etc.)
  • Companies and subsectors (hotels, intermediaries, etc.)

It arises from the need for third cycle training perceived by several research groups with faculty from the Faculties of Law, Political Science, Social Sciences and Communication, Economics, Business and Tourism, and Humanities, with the support of the University Institute of Sciences Policies and Social These Faculties offer a series of degrees and master's degrees that are part of the program, always open to potential doctoral students from other latitudes and training. Several doctoral students of extinction programs at the ULL are also incorporated, such as the Doctorate in Tourism, as well as others in Law or Social Sciences.

Currently has a score of first and second year students, developing their thesis among the three research lines of the doctorate. One of the characteristics of the program is its interdisciplinarity, which facilitates the interaction of Directors with a very diverse research history. Interdisciplinarity enriches the training of students and gives them a broader perspective than usual when it comes to addressing the research leading to their Doctoral thesis. Currently, connected to the program, a variety of research projects are developed with international, European, national and regional funding, which provide opportunities for doctoral students to join current research.


Starting from the Doctorate program in Tourism, in this new project the approach has been extended to related areas of research, such as Social Sciences and Law, which obviously have a great relevance in tourism studies, but also a very diverse journey itself. that is included in this proposal. It integrates some of the most productive teams of the Faculties of Law, Political and Social Sciences, Economics and the School of Business and Tourism, which as detailed will teach a series of degrees and masters that can adequately nurture this Doctoral Program .

The studies of Diploma in Tourism began in the Universidad de La Laguna in 1998. This degree was replaced in 2009 by the Degree in Tourism. As of 2007, the Master's Degree in Tourism Management and Planning has been taught uninterruptedly, and since February 2011, the Doctorate in Tourism. Studies related to tourism have an important demand and professional opportunities in the Canary Islands. These studies are integrated into the University School of Business Studies, which also currently holds a degree in Accounting and Finance, as well as official master's degrees in Foreign Trade Management and Tourism Management and Planning.

The Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences is a relevant center also for our PhD, with the degrees in Business Administration and Management and in Economics, as well as the Master in Regional Development, Training and Employment.

Also the Faculty of Geography and History develops relevant studies, it is worth noting the Degree in Geography, of which a good number of PhD students have arrived to the Doctorate in Tourism that is in the origins of the present proposal.

The studies of the Sociology degree are integrated in the ULL from the 1999-2000 course (BOE nº189 of August 9, 1999, Resolution of the ULL of July 9, 1999), in the Higher Center of Political and Social Sciences . Prior to its creation, since 1985 Social Work studies have been implemented in the University School of the same name, which today continue as a degree. As of 2005, the current denomination of the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences (Decree of the Government of the Canary Islands of May 24, 2005) is implemented, in which the degrees of Sociology, Social Work and Social Anthropology are integrated (it begins its implementation in the 2012-2013 academic year). In this Faculty the Master in Community Social Intervention is developed.

Law studies in Tenerife have a long history, which can be traced back to the eighteenth century with many vicissitudes. In the contemporary period, they are consolidated from the creation of the Universidad de La Laguna , in 1927, which has among its founding studies those of Law. The Faculty is one of the oldest in the ULL.

The current degree in Law is approved in the session of October 22, 2007 of the Governing Council of the ULL.

It began its implementation in the 2010-11 academic year, and is now fully implemented. Along with these studies, the Faculty welcomes the Degree in Labor Relations, also implemented, the Master's Degree in Occupational Risk Prevention and the Master's Degree in Urban Law (in its third edition), with a Master's Degree in Economic Law.

On the other hand, in terms of doctoral training, within the Faculty of Law, the Department of Basic Legal Disciplines, promoter of this project -according to the Council Department Agreement of October 31, 2013-, composed of the Administrative Law areas, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Roman Law and History of Law, has offered a doctorate program, without interruption, from the 1990-1991 academic year, in accordance with the successive regulatory regulations, from the one entitled "Transformations of Law in a changing world " to the last,

"Natural resources, land and land management", already in extinction, limited to the research phase. These doctoral programs have allowed the reading of more than 35 doctoral theses.

Finally, it is worth noting the relevance of the University Institute in Political and Social Sciences of the ULL, which has actively promoted this Doctorate proposal and is constituted as a promoter and fundamental driver of it.

It is an interdisciplinary center dedicated mainly to the realization of research projects, ID i contracts (basic and applied social research) and postgraduate and specialization teaching.

Research capacity

The Universidad de La Laguna is located at a medium high level among medium-sized Spanish universities.

According to the ranking of the Spanish Universities conducted by the I-UGR group of the University of Granada, it would be ranked 11 out of 45 for the period 2008-2012 for the "Other Social Sciences" area. The elaboration of these classifications is always debatable regarding the criteria used, but the data outlined places our University relatively well, especially if we take into account its size.

The research capacity of the Universidad de La Laguna in the field of tourism can be seen from the publication of a ranking of Latin American scientific research in tourism in volume 22 of the magazine Estudios y Perspectivas de Turismo. In it, the Universidad de La Laguna is ranked 10th in the set of universities in Spain and Latin America, both in terms of publication of articles in English-language journals and publication in Latin American journals.

Much of the research activity of the promoters of this Doctorate is organized around the University Institute of Political and Social Sciences, cited above, created by Order of October 27, 1982 (BOE January 12, 1983, page 777) in the sine of the Universidad de La Laguna . In its origins it was conceived as a center that should promote research on this subject in the Archipelago, and to a certain extent also as the germ of a future Faculty that promoted degrees related to its purpose in the Islands. In 2007 we received the ANEP evaluation of the activity of the University Institute of Political and Social Sciences.

In this evaluation, a global assessment of the activity carried out by the Institute is obtained as "good". This Institute constitutes a research center of special relevance in the international context, having promoted or participated in a multiplicity of national and international research projects. The research groups of the University Institute of Political and Social Sciences (IUCC.PP. and SS.) Have addressed issues related to this problem, among which we can highlight tourism, fishing activity, migration, natural resource management and protected areas, heritage, religions, science and information technologies, education, etc., analyzed from cross-cutting approaches such as gender or governance among many others. These topics have been specified in multiple projects financed by the Government of the Canary Islands, by the Ministry of Education, by the European Union or by other international funders, such as those detailed later in this report. In some of them (the Femmes Project, funded by the EU), for example, the explicit recognition of bodies such as the European Parliament has been achieved. A magazine (PASOS, Tourism and Cultural Heritage Magazine, ISSN 1695-7121) is also published within the Institute, which has become an international benchmark in the field of heritage and tourism. This magazine has been valued in a recent international study among the 40 best journals in the world in the field of tourism and heritage. See "Rating tourism and hospitality journals" (McKercher, B .; Law, R. and Lam, T. (2006) Tourism Management, 27: 1235-1252).

This Institute has been a way to enhance in the ULL the research carried out from the Social Sciences, especially from disciplines such as Sociology, Social Anthropology, Economics, Constitutional Law, etc., which find a point in this way of union to tackle interdisciplinary projects. This challenge of interdisciplinarity constitutes one of the explicit goals of the center for future activity, as well as the way to achieve scientifically and socially relevant results. In general, it is precisely the jobs that are carried out at the intersections between the different social sciences, or between them and the life sciences, for example, those that tend to offer more interesting and novel results. Therefore, many of the projects carried out from the center obey this pattern, overcoming the rigidity of departmental academic frameworks linked to a single area of ​​knowledge. In this same sense, one of the goals that we presently propose is to promote the recognition of the work done from the Canary Islands or the Canary Islands in the world scientific literature, and to this end we promote the publications made by the Institute in journals included in the JCR, what for certain Social Sciences in Spain is to a certain extent a challenge.

For the Canary Community, the presence of our Institute provides, in addition to the possibility of promoting cutting-edge research in general terms, the possibility of obtaining expert advice in a whole series of terrains that the research groups of the IUCC.PP. and SS. They have proven their worth. In this sense we have collaborated in applied projects of different types, ranging from the Canary Islands development plans to others related to tourism, science and new technologies, gender or education, to name a few of the recurring themes . During 2009 and 2010, we hosted the Tourism Structuring Project of the Universidad de La Laguna , which tried to combine efforts on this subject among the different research groups of the ULL, in order to gain critical mass in human capital and scientific curriculum. that allows access to projects of European calls. Since then, the subject of tourism has integrated a good number of the members of the Institute, bringing together human capital previously dispersed in other Departments and Institutes of the ULL.

The group of law professors participating in this doctoral program has an accredited and recognized research activity that is reflected in multiple publications, both monographs in national editorials, as well as research articles in the reference journals of each legal specialty, and applied research through projects and contracts in matters of interest to society. In particular, members of the consolidated research groups, such as Administrative Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law and Financial and Tax Law, join this program. Without prejudice to the own research of each group and legal discipline, some concurrent research lines are recognized, such as the legal specialties of the Canary Islands, the organization and protection of the soil in all its dimensions, and the judicial guarantee of rights and interests.

Potential demand of the Doctorate Program in Law, Society and Tourism

The potential demand of this proposal for a doctorate program is supported by the doctorate in Tourism from which it was born, which currently has a total of 27 students enrolled. The 27 theses under development are being directed by 11 professors of this doctoral program assigned to different areas of research.

These professors and their research areas are:

  • Eduardo Parra López, Area of ​​Organization of Companies (1 thesis in project)
  • Francisco José Villar Rojas, Administrative Law Area (1 thesis in project)
  • Francisco José Ledesma Rodríguez, Area of ​​Economic Analysis (1 thesis in project)
  • José J. Pascual Fernández, Area of ​​Social Anthropology (2 thesis in project)
  • Josefa Rosa Marrero Rodríguez, Area of ​​Sociology (1 thesis in project)
  • Agustín Santana Talavera, Area of ​​Social Anthropology (5 thesis in project)
  • Moisés Ramón Simancas Cruz, Area of ​​Human Geography (8 thesis in project)
  • Noemí Padrón Fumero, Area of ​​Applied Economics (1 thesis in project)
  • Raúl Hernández Martín, Area of ​​Applied Economics (3 theses in project)
  • Ricardo Jesús Díaz Armas, Marketing and Market Research Area (2 theses in project)
  • Manuel Santana Turégano, Area of ​​Sociology (2 theses in project)

The doctorate program proposed here will surely have a much larger number of students by integrating a much broader subject and a much more diverse set of research groups.

The number of new students for the first and second year will be 25. According to the Regulations of progress and permanence in the official degrees at the Universidad de La Laguna , the maximum number of part-time students in this program is 10, to be included within the total of 25 mentioned above.

Integration of the doctorate program in the IDI strategy of the ULL

The PhD program in Society, Law and Tourism is part of the IDI strategy of the ULL, which includes the development of the Tricontinental Atlantic Campus (CEI-CANARIAS) (International Campus of Excellence), a space of excellence that must be as of 2015, the Atlantic reference in Europe as the receiving axis and catalyst for talent in teaching, research, innovation and transfer projects with Africa and Latin America and, under the common denominator of a model of integral sustainability for its development. The Campus is already an essential element for the development towards the new economic, productive and social structure of the Canary Islands. One of the actions of the aforementioned Atlantic Tricontinental Campus is directly linked to the research lines of the PhD program in Society, Law and Tourism. One of the priority lines of the aforementioned campus is tourism, as it constitutes one of the key elements of the economy of the Canary Archipelago.

The improvements in competitiveness start from a sustainable and global approach, which will strengthen key sectors, strengthen new sectors linked to the thematic specialization areas of the Campus and help generate employment. This model will take advantage of the geostrategic position of the Canary Islands as a bridge from Europe to West Africa, Macaronesia and Latin America. That is why the Tricontinental Atlantic Campus will act as a university axis within the national project to reinforce the Canary Islands as a tricontinental strategic European bridge in the Atlantic.

The subprojects that define it cover all areas of excellence: teacher improvement, adaptation to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), scientific improvement, innovation and knowledge transfer, campus transformation and internationalization. The studies of Law, Social and Economic Sciences and Tourism have a special relevance in this context, since in the processes of social transformation sponsored by the Campus of Excellence, minimizing the negative impacts both in the social and environmental spheres is a key element. Likewise, the specialization of various program researchers on issues related to governance will facilitate the implementation of many of the proposed innovations, avoiding potential negative effects.

In the CEI-CANARIAS educational platforms of quality and excellence are developed from the framework of the International School of University Postgraduate Programs, at the same time as great infrastructures of excellence are reinforced. The effort and progress of the ULL has been fundamental in recent years, as a catalyst for talent through its training activities, making a large percentage of the research done in the Canary Islands, transferring knowledge generated and knowledge to society and the productive fabric. acquiring true commitments for a productive model based on knowledge.

Integration of the doctorate program in Law, Society and Tourism in the Doctoral School of the ULL

It should be noted that the doctorate program in Law, Society and Tourism was born linked to several centers (Faculties of Law, Political and Social Sciences, Economic and Business Sciences and University School of Business Sciences). Being mandatory to ascribe the program to a single center to integrate it into an internal quality assurance system, and given that the University Institutes in the ULL do not have this approved procedure, the Faculty of Law was chosen as a center of ascription, having in mind a future connection of the program with the Doctorate School of the Universidad de La Laguna . The Faculty of Law was chosen in this scenario for its greater contribution of professors with respect to the others that participate in the program. In the Resolution of January 17, 2013, which provides for the publication of the Regulations for Teaching Official Doctorate of the Universidad de La Laguna , opens the way for the creation of the School of Doctorate of the ULL (Article 38) . This implies that although in a transitory period the Doctorate programs of the ULL will be ascribed to specific Faculties, with the creation of the Doctoral School, as soon as possible they will be subsumed therein. From this it will be derived that the Doctoral School generates a system of internal quality assurance developed specifically for doctoral studies.

The creation of the Doctoral School was approved in the ordinary session of September 26, 2013 of the Governing Council of the Universidad de La Laguna , pending its development and the creation of its quality assurance system.

With all this, the ULL intends to maintain its doctorate indicators and establish a strategy that will allow its research results to be boosted, taking them beyond those existing in the present. The aim of all this is that the new doctorate programs act as tractors of the research developed in the institution, and promote greater attention to their researchers in training, while regulating the processes of extinction of doctorate programs articulated in accordance with previous normative provisions.


Basic and General

  • CB11 - Systematic understanding of a field of study and mastery of research skills and methods related to that field.
  • CB12 - Ability to conceive, design or create, implement and adopt a substantial research or creation process.
  • CB13 - Ability to contribute to the expansion of knowledge frontiers through original research.
  • CB14 - Ability to perform a critical analysis and evaluation and synthesis of new and complex ideas.
  • CB15 - Ability to communicate with the academic and scientific community and with society in general about their fields of knowledge in the modes and languages ​​commonly used in their international scientific community.
  • CB16 - Ability to promote, in academic and professional contexts, the scientific, technological, social, artistic or cultural advancement within a society based on knowledge.

Personal Skills and Skills

  • CA01 - Develop in contexts in which there is little specific information.
  • CA02 - Find the key questions that must be answered to solve a complex problem.
  • CA03 - Design, create, develop and undertake innovative and innovative projects in their field of knowledge.
  • CA04 - Work both as a team and independently in an international or multidisciplinary context.
  • CA05 - Integrate knowledge, face complexity and formulate judgments with limited information.
  • CA06 - The intellectual criticism and defense of solutions.

Formation activities

  • Training in Social Research Techniques
  • Workshop of Information Search, Writing and Scientific Communication
  • Entrepreneurship and employability workshop
  • Seminars and Conferences of the Program
  • Research Stays in other Centers
  • Participation in Congresses and Conferences

Lines of investigation

  • Line 1: Social Sciences
  • Line 2: Right
  • Line 3: Economy and Tourism

Admission criteria

Students who meet the requirements detailed above will be admitted to the research period in accordance with the specific access requirements and criteria of scale that will be applied by the Academic Committee of the Doctoral Program as indicated below:

  • Specific access requirement: be in possession of English B1 (or equivalent)

In the admission process, the Academic Committee of the Doctorate Program will proceed to evaluate each one of the applications submitted according to the following criteria:

  • Students who have taken a master's degree included in the ratio of the optimal or equivalent income profile by the academic committee: 4 points.
  • Academic record of the access and master's degree (up to 8 points), with grades up to four points being assessed in the degree and with four other points the qualifications in the graduate program. The averages will be applied in base 4 considering: Approved (1 point), Remarkable (2 points), Outstanding (3 points), Honor Registration (4 points).
  • Research merits (up to 3 points). For the objectification of this criterion the following scores will be applied
  • Publications and works, whatever their physical support, whose acceptance for publication is irrefutably accredited and which are related to the research lines of the Doctoral Program:
    • For each book: up to 0.5 points.
    • For each article or review: up to 0.25 points.
    • For each communication to congress: up to 0.15 points.

Participation or collaboration accredited in research projects related to the research lines of the Doctorate Program:

  • For each research project in which you have participated or collaborated: 0.5 points
  • Other merits related to the investigation, up to 1.5 points.
  • Professional merits related to the research lines of the Doctorate Program: up to 2 points, at a rate of 0.5 points per year of accredited experience.
  • Proficiency in foreign languages ​​(based on the B1 requirement of English for admission), up to a point in total
  • English B2, 0.5 points, C1 0.75 points, C2, 1 point. Other languages ​​of scientific relevance to a point.
  • Students with special educational needs: up to two points.

Applications from those who meet the aforementioned access requirements must be formalized within the deadlines and in accordance with the procedures set by the Universidad de La Laguna , with a detailed and documented curriculum that allows evaluating the previously detailed sections.

Part-time students

The program includes the possibility of admitting part-time students, as stipulated in RD 99/2011 and the ULL doctorate regulations. These cases must be justified based on the nature of the work to be done and the conditions of the doctoral student, but in any case they will be subject to the same access requirements and the criteria will be met. The Academic Committee of the doctoral program is the body responsible for authorizing the applicant's enrollment in full-time or part-time work. It is also possible to change the dedication of the student from full-time to part-time depending on the circumstances that have arisen.

The change of modality of the doctoral student or doctoral student, in terms of their dedication, must be presented duly justified, through a request addressed to said Commission, which will resolve it and notify the corresponding Service of the University.

Students wishing to study this Doctorate Program on a part-time basis must request it from the Academic Committee of the Program when they submit the application for admission to it or, once admitted, when they meet any of the circumstances they are listed below and enable recognition as part-time students.

The criteria and procedures for admission of part-time students in this Doctorate Program will be in accordance with the Progress and Permanence Regulations of the Universidad de La Laguna ) and in article 7 of the Regulation of Official Teaching of Doctorate of the Universidad de La Laguna . According to article 7.3 cited, applicants must justify the impossibility of carrying out these studies on a full-time basis for reasons of work activity, special educational needs, family care needs, high performance athletes or high level athletes, as well as those other that are contemplated in the rules of permanence of the ULL or, where appropriate, in the regulations that develop them.

The change of dedication of the students is regulated in the article 7.4 of the Regulation of Official Teaching of Doctorate of the Universidad de La Laguna : The doctoral students may request the change of the dedication regime for justified reasons. The academic commission of the doctoral program will issue a report in this regard authorizing or denying such change. Against this resolution, an appeal may be filed before the Rector within one month of its notification.

Students with special educational needs

Applicants for the Doctorate program with special educational needs derived from their disability should, in the first instance, contact the Coordinator of the Doctorate Program to inform them of it.

In these cases, equal opportunities and full integration of university students with disabilities in university academic life must be guaranteed, as well as the promotion and awareness and awareness of all members of the university community.

Students with specific educational needs derived from the disability will count in the admission process with an academic advisor appointed by the Academic Committee of the Doctoral Program. This advisor may be your tutor or specialists indicated by the Universidad de La Laguna . The Academic Committee of the Program will analyze in a particular way the cases of students with special educational needs derived from disability in order to adapt the training program to guarantee the acquisition of the competences of the PhD level. The Academic Committee will receive a report from the advisor and will submit the corresponding proposal to the Student Support Service, in application of the Program of Attention to Students with Specific Educational Support Needs (PAED) to identify the necessary support and assessment services that will assess the need of possible curricular adaptations or itineraries.

Students with special educational needs will receive a specific score in the admission procedure, according to what is established in this report: up to a maximum of 2 points. The purpose of this assignment is to promote equality in the conditions of admission of students with difficulties, to compensate for the difficulties that these students have had throughout their academic life to obtain results comparable to those of students who do not have similar difficulties.

As detailed in the previous section, students with special educational needs can apply for part-time enrollment.

Last updated Mar 2020

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La Universidad de La Laguna ha ejercido una importante función de liderazgo educativo, científico y cultural en Canarias durante sus dos siglos de historia, impulsando el progreso de nuestra comunidad ... Read More

La Universidad de La Laguna ha ejercido una importante función de liderazgo educativo, científico y cultural en Canarias durante sus dos siglos de historia, impulsando el progreso de nuestra comunidad y contribuyendo decisivamente a su modernización. Read less
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