Requirements for the PhD program often involve the student having already obtained a Master’s degree. Additionally, a thesis or dissertation primarily consisting of original academic research must be submitted. In some countries, this work may even need to be defended in front of a panel.
If a person is interested in applying mathematical techniques and the scientific method to understanding more about the life on this planet, they may be interested in a course within the field of Biological and Life Sciences.
France is currently among the 20 best performing countries in terms of the economy due to their excellent results-oriented higher education learning. Most of the courses at universities are offered in the French language. France has 60 public and 100 private universities.
Request Information Doctoral Programs in Biological and Life Sciences in Ile-de-France in France 2017
Since the creation of the FdV doctoral school in 2006, the aims were focused on life sciences. Traditionally, students have pursued interdisciplinary research projects in natural sciences, engineering and technology, medical and health sciences. Recently, projects in the life sciences have incorporated approaches and/or applications from other disciplines including the social sciences and humanities, however the focus of the work is on advancement of knowledge in life science. [+]