Doctoral Degree in Biology in Europe

See PhD Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018

Biology

Earning a Ph.D. requires extended study and intense mental effort. A PhD is an academic study on which you concentrate for four to six years after obtaining your master’s degree, and that leads, if successful, to a PhD degree, the highest academic degree.

For you to have the best understanding of living things and their behavior, you need a PhD in biology. The PhD in Biology will give students knowledge of research in the areas of Cell and Molecular Biology, Ecology and Evolution and Computational Biology.

Europe is the sixth largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies, islands and territories. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south, Asia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.

View all Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018

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PhD Studentship in Biotechnology: Genetic engineering of isoprene synthase

The University of Nottingham - Faculty of Engineering
Campus Full time 4 years August 2018 United Kingdom Nottingham

This project will use protein engineering to improve enzymes required for the efficient production of isoprene from renewable resources. Isoprene is an industrial chemical widely used in the polymer industry, and mainly produced from petrochemical feedstocks. [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. This project will use protein engineering to improve enzymes required for the efficient production of isoprene from renewable resources. Isoprene is an industrial chemical widely used in the polymer industry, and mainly produced from petrochemical feedstocks. Sustainable solutions for isoprene synthesis have been proposed, which rely on the engineering of biosynthetic isoprene pathways in microbes. These pathways use isoprene synthase (IspS) to convert dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) into isoprene. IspS is relatively inefficient, with low turnover and high KM, as well as poor soluble microbial expression. To achieve commercially relevant yields of isoprene, improvement of IspS is necessary. The aim of this project is to develop an isoprene synthase with improved solubility and catalytic efficiency, to be integrated into an engineered pathway for the microbial production of isoprene. First, you will investigate the isoprene production ability of a range of plant isoprene synthase candidates. Codon optimised IspS genes will be synthesised and their soluble expression in E. coli will be investigated. After identification of a suitable candidate, site-directed mutagenesis based on homology models will be used to improve catalytic activity and solubility. Medium-sized libraries will be screened on lysates for the conversion of DMAPP to isoprene, using established GC methods. The project will involve skills relevant to enzyme engineering for biotechnology applications, including molecular biology and microbiology, protein expression and purification, computational methods, and competence in analytical techniques (especially HPLC, GC, GCMS). Training will be provided where necessary. Good communication skills are important. This... [-]

Official Doctoral Program In Agricultural And Forestry Research

Universidade da Coruña
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 5 years September 2017 Spain A Coruña + 1 more

The PhD Program in Agricultural and Forestry Research is an official university degree of multidisciplinary nature that offers the student the possibility to choose between a wide range of topics related to the agrarian and forest production of Galicia and the Atlantic biogeographic region of Europe. [+]

Introduction The Programme PhD in Agricultural and Forestry Research Is an official university degree of multidisciplinary character that offers to the student the possibility to choose between a wide range of subjects related to the agrarian and forestry production of Galicia and the Atlantic biogeographic region of Europe. Participants in the program are researchers from two centers of the University of A Coruña (Institute of Geology and Faculty of Sciences) and four departments of the University of Santiago de Compostela (Plant Production, Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Physiology and Botany). The objective of this program is to train trained experts in agrarian, forestry and agroforestry research. The skills acquired are aimed at improving the production and the sustainability of the environment. Why study the degree This doctoral program is aimed at the analysis of the basic processes and the management of the agricultural and forestry sectors of Galicia, where these sectors are very representative for the surface it occupies and for its high productivity. This theme is addressed in the "Agrarian and Forest Research" program from different perspectives such as agricultural production, forestry production, agricultural management, forest management, pests and diseases, soil and water conservation and environmental sustainability, among others. This program provides students with advanced methodological tools for research, both basic and applied. Therefore, researchers and technicians trained in "Agrarian and Forest Research" will have solid foundations for improving productivity, taking into account economic efficiency while limiting or preventing damage to the environment. Lines of investigation These are... [-]

Official Doctoral Program In Advanced Biotechnology

Universidade da Coruña
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 5 years September 2017 Spain A Coruña + 1 more

The PhD program of Advanced Biotechnology aims to train professional researchers in different fields of biotechnological research and constitute an offer of competitive, homogeneous, well structured and quality doctoral studies. [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. Introduction The doctoral program is an official interuniversity degree between the University of A Coruña and the University of Vigo. The program of Doctorate of Advanced Biotechnology Aims to train professional researchers in different fields of biotechnological research and to provide a competitive, homogeneous, well-structured and quality doctoral program. Why study the degree The aim is to prepare students to be able to initiate and complete a theoretical, methodological and research training in the multidisciplinary field of Biotechnology, which materialize in the elaboration and public defense of a complex, original and innovative doctoral thesis. What is learned The research area will focus on the 3 most important sectors of biotechnology (environmental sanitary and agri-food). The PhD program of Advanced Biotechnology is an interuniversity program, in which 36 doctors participate, distributed in the following teams: Biochemistry. University of A Coruña Biotechnology Team. University of A Coruña Plant Physiology Team. University of A Coruña Team of Organic Chemistry and Molecular Biology. University of A Coruña Fuel Equipment. University of A Coruña Genetics Team. University of A Coruña Biotechnology Team. University of Vigo Lines of investigation These are the lines of research of this doctoral program: Application of Total Quality Management and risk prevention to different areas Biobanks Bioelectroanalysis: modified electrodes, bionanotechnology and applications Biology of systems Bioprocesses applied to green chemistry and the environment Microbial Biotechnology Health Biotechnology Plant Biotechnology Search, expression, production and engineering of proteins with biotechnological applications Development and use of molecular... [-]

Official Doctoral Program In Cell And Molecular Biology

Universidade da Coruña
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 5 years September 2017 Spain A Coruña + 1 more

The Doctoral Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology is an official university degree that addresses training in fundamental molecular and cellular biological research. It has the collaboration of the Institute of Biomedical Research of A Coruña (INIBIC). [+]

Introduction The Programme PhD in Cell and Molecular Biology Is an official university degree that addresses training in fundamental molecular and cellular biological research. It has the collaboration of the Institute of Biomedical Research of A Coruña (INIBIC). Its objective is to train in methodological and instrumental skills to be able to develop research projects in Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Plant Physiology and Biomedicine. Why study the degree The program offers quality teaching, personalized and integrated in consolidated research groups. It has also recognized national and international prestige. Lines of investigation These are the lines of research of this doctoral program: Evolutionary biology Molecular biology of RNA and proteins DNA damage Aging and inflammation Gene Expression in Yeast and Applications Physiology of plants Genetics of marine organisms Genetics and Genetic Toxicology Tissue Engineering Research in rheumatology Microalgae Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Neuroanatomy of vertebrates Specific Training Complements In case the doctor does not have the complete previous training required in the program, his / her admission to the program may be conditioned to the surpassing of specific training complements, which may be subjects or modules of master and degree. The complements assigned to the same doctorate may not exceed 15 ECTS credits and may be made prior or simultaneous to the tuition in academic tuition in the program. In case of simultaneous realization the students will have to register for these complements at the moment of formalizing the tuition of academic tutelage in the program, which... [-]

PhD in Bioinformatics and Genetics

Kadir Has University
Campus Full time September 2017 Turkey Istanbul

Biology, biotechnology and biosciences have been rapidly developing since 2000. To handle the data produced, computer technology is required due to the excessive amount of data. Most of the recent techniques used in DNA, RNA and protein based research is supported by bioinformatics and computer science. The computer science offers a new era for the biological sciences. [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. Biology, biotechnology and biosciences have been rapidly developing since 2000. To handle the data produced, computer technology is required due to the excessive amount of data. Most of the recent techniques used in DNA, RNA and protein based research is supported by bioinformatics and computer science. The computer science offers a new era for the biological sciences. For example the building block of the cell, proteins are modeled in 3D using computer; this enables the rapid and efficient identification of molecular interactions and signal transduction pathways. Similarly, mutations in the genetic sequence can be detected quite fast using the computer technology. Since the recent advancements in computational biology decreased the cost and accelerated the research processes including the drug development, the in silico studies are highly demanded in industry. The young scientists having PhD from our department will have strong background on molecular biology and genetics, analyze the biological data using bioinformatics tools, develop tools, algorithms, and design drug candidates using computational biology techniques such as molecular modeling and simulations. This program is similatly close to basic science, translational science and applications in the sector. The program requires thesis writing. The education is 100% in English. Why Would I Choose This Program? The advanced genetic and computer technology has generated the intensive data processing needs and offered an environment where biology can be generated in silico. Revolutionary applications have been developed and are being developed. Bioinformaticians are globally sought; to answers such needs... [-]

Biodiversity Management Research Degrees

University of Kent, School of Anthropology & Conservation
Campus Full time Part time 1 - 6 years August 2018 United Kingdom Canterbury + 1 more

PhD & MSc by research with an interdisciplinary and international focus. Providing training for conservation practitioners. [+]

PhD & MSc by research with an interdisciplinary and international focus. Providing training for conservation practitioners. The School of Anthropology and Conservation at the University of Kent offers unique opportunities for advanced study and training in the conservation and management of biodiversity. The School is home to the Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), a leading international research and training centre dedicated to the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems around the world. Since it was founded in 1989, DICE has graduated over fifty research students, and as with all its other activities, a major characteristic of the research degree programme in biodiversity management is its international and interdisciplinary focus. The varied research interests of our academic staff allows us to offer supervision of research on a wide variety of projects on different organisms or systems and in different habitats and countries. Hence, there are specific research projects underway on species conservation, wildlife management law, tourism and conservation, and the sustainable uses of biodiversity. Academic programme A candidate undertaking a research degree must submit a thesis that demonstrates an ability to undertake an original investigation, to test an hypothesis and to understand the relationship of your field of study to a wider field of knowledge. Additionally, in the case of a doctorate, the thesis submitted must be an original contribution to knowledge or understanding in the field of investigation. For a MSc by research and thesis, a candidate is registered for 1 year of full time study or 2 years... [-]

PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering

Koc University - Istanbul Turkey
Campus Full time 4 - 5 years September 2017 Turkey İstanbul

Chemical & Biological Engineering is a discipline that integrates chemistry and biology at the molecular level and uses this broad foundation along with engineering fundamentals to study the [+]

PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering

 

Chemical & Biological Engineering is a discipline that integrates chemistry and biology at the molecular level and uses this broad foundation along with engineering fundamentals to study the synthesis of new processes and products. Our graduate program in Chemical and Biological Engineering is an interdisciplinary program that combines chemical engineering fundamentals and systems biology to meet the research challenges of the future. The research areas of interest are:

 

Dug Discovery Tissue Engineering Plant Biotechnology Protein-Protein Interactions Protein Folding Process Dynamics, Control and Optimization Systems Engineering Catalysis Supercritical Fluids Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials Fuel Cells and Sustainable Development Computational Fluid Dynamics Polymer Science and Engineering Microfluidics Biological Clock Interaction Networks and Pathways Modeling of metal organic frameworks for energy applications Molecular simulations of crystalline nanoporous membranes for gas separations Computational studies of adsorption and diffusion in porous materials Supercritical fluids and ionic liquids ... [-]

PhD in Biophysics

Siberian Federal University
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Russia Krasnoyarsk

Doctoral students do research at the Bioluminescent Biotechnology Laboratory under the supervision of Professor Valentina Kratasyuk. [+]

Doctoral students do research at the Bioluminescent Biotechnology Laboratory under the supervision of Professor Valentina Kratasyuk. Their research focuses on studying the chemical nature of light emission by luminous bacteria and other luminous species, modeling the enzyme metabolism in cell hyaloplasm, developing new generations of bioluminescent biosensors for environmental monitoring and medical diagnostics and other issues of bioluminescence research. Programme Leader Professor Valentina Kratasyuk’s research interests are mechanisms of bioluminescence, bioluminescent enzymatic biosensors, enzymatic toxicity bioassays, bioluminescent analysis, biotechnological design, biochemistry, science education, history of sciences, immobi- lization of enzymes. Entry requirements: Master’s degree in Biophysics, Biology, Biological Engineering, Physics, Ecology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Bioinformatics, an adequate level of English proficiency (certificate or other document) Accommodation: On-campus accommodation is available: single ensuite room 45 € per month, twin ensuite room 30 € per month. Practicalities: Airport transfer, invitation letter for a Russian study visa and an optional survival course of Russian as a foreign language are provided by the University. Curriculum BASIC COURSES Problems of Modern Biophysics 2 (72) Biophysics 2 (72) ELECTIVES Processing of experimental data 3 (108) Methodology of PhD Thesis Preparation 3 (108) Academic English 3 (108) Basic English 3 (108) Russian (fee will apply) 3 (108) [-]

Joint PhD Program in Molecular Biology (JuMBO)

International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)
Campus Full time 3 - 4 years October 2017 Italy Trieste

The International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), the International Center for Genetic Engineering Biotechnology (ICGEB), the University of Trieste and the University of Udine offer a new Joint PhD Program in Molecular Biology (JuMBO). [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. The International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), the International Center for Genetic Engineering Biotechnology (ICGEB), the University of Trieste and the University of Udine offer a new Joint PhD Program in Molecular Biology (JuMBO). The main mission of JuMBO is to train enthusiastic young scientists from developed and developing countries to use advanced molecular tools with a deeper understanding of their scientific and technical opportunities and limitations. Students who complete this PhD program will have a solid background in the various aspects of Molecular Biology and related methodology, including bioinformatics and structural biology, to efficiently exploit new functionalities for scientific and technical research purposes. Students will benefit from receiving their training in Molecular Biology in the active and exciting research environment of the four prestigious institutions. In addition, PhD students will benefit from established collaborations of the Institutions involved in the program, and in particular ongoing exchanges with the National Institute of Chemistry in Ljubljana (Slovenia) and the German Research School for Simulation Sciences in Jülich (Germany). Projects within the PhD Course Program take advantage of tools in molecular and structural biology to study the mechanisms of differentiation and cell homeostasis and their dys-regulation in cancer, viral infection and neurodegenerative diseases. A large collection of organisms is studied ranging from Homo sapiens to plants. Students are continuously in touch with cutting-edge research by attending classes, seminars and workshops throughout the year. The average teacher-student ratio is about 1 to 3. Main research lines... [-]

PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience

International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)
Campus Full time 3 - 4 years October 2017 Italy Trieste

The PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience at SISSA aims at providing students with the fundamental knowledge and skills for conducting cutting-edge research in the field, covering topics as diverse as perception, language, memory, action, and social behaviour. [+]

The PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience at SISSA aims at providing students with the fundamental knowledge and skills for conducting cutting-edge research in the field, covering topics as diverse as perception, language, memory, action, and social behaviour. Some of our research is also translational in nature (e.g., cognitive neuropsychology), thus offering opportunity for a career outside academia. The School is strongly research oriented. Our faculty dedicate most of their time to research, thus offering exceptional tutorship. This substantial investment in research is reflected in our ability to attract highly competitive funding (there are five on-going ERC grants in the group, several Human Frontier projects, and so on); develop strong research ties, both locally (e.g., the Healthcare system of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region, the Unione Italiana Ciechi, the University of Trieste) and internationally (e.g., NTNU, Harvard, Oxford); and publish in leading journals such as Current Biology, PNAS, Science and Nature. The program has a strongly interdisciplinary approach: our research themes and expertise are suitable for students with backgrounds in computer science, math, medicine, experimental psychology, theoretical physics, biology and linguistics, as well as neuroscience proper, obviously. The official language at SISSA is English, so speaking Italian is NOT a requirement. The workload is mostly focused on conducting a research project under the supervision of our faculty, and in collaboration with fellow students, post-docs and possibly external professionals, such as neurologists, biologists or rehabilitation experts. For first-year students, the School also offers courses on the foundations of cognitive neuroscience, both theoretical and... [-]

PhD in Structural and Functional Genomics

International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)
Campus Full time 3 - 4 years October 2017 Italy Trieste

The PhD Course in Structural and Functional Genomics main mission is the training of enthusiastic young scientists focusing their interests in a broad spectrum of biological research disciplines. [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. Our Mission The PhD Course in Structural and Functional Genomics main mission is the training of enthusiastic young scientists focusing their interests in a broad spectrum of biological research disciplines. Projects within the PhD Course Program span from genomics, transcriptomics and developmental genetics to structural biology, molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration and developmental neurobiology. Crossing over research such as system biology may have a prominent role within the PhD Course Program. Students are continuously exposed to cutting edge research through year around classes, seminars and workshops. Average ratio between supervisor and students is about 1 to 5. Main research lines are: Functional Genomics of the Brain Developmental Genomics Systems Biology Nanotechnology for Biological Sciences Structural Biology of Prion Protein Structural Biology of DNA Replication Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration: Synthetic Prions Molecular Physiology Drug Discovery The most recent placements after PhD at SISSA: Northwestern University (Chicago, USA), UCSF Medical Center (San Francisco, USA), VIB Center for the Biology of Disease (KU Leuven, Belgium), Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Madrid, Spain), National Institute of Chemistry (Ljubljana, Slovenia) Admissions The admissions to the Philosophiae Doctor (PhD) Course in Functional and Structural Genomics take place through a selection based on academic and scientific qualifications and a written and oral examination, according to the Statute of the School. Exceptionally qualified non EU-students can be admitted to the course only through evaluation of their academic and scientific qualifications. For the admissions, candidates must hold an Italian Laurea (Laurea Specialistica, Laurea Magistralis... [-]

PhD in Neurobiology

International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)
Campus Full time 3 - 4 years October 2017 Italy Trieste

The aim of the Lectures of the PhD program in Neurobiology is to provide students with a common framework starting from different backgrounds. [+]

The aim of the Lectures of the PhD program in Neurobiology is to provide students with a common framework starting from different backgrounds. Lectures will take place at the beginning of the PhD Program, so to have more time to focus on the scientific research project that will be carried out during the PhD. There will be two main scientific modules complemented by a module dedicated to specific experimental methodologies and safety procedures. All the lectures will be in English and will be held by an expert in the field. Module 1 will be devoted to fundamental aspects of Neurophysiology and Neurobiology: we will review basic notions about neurons, synapses and sensory systems. We will also cover properties of neuronal networks underlying perception in the cortex and locomotion in the spinal cord. Module 2 will be dedicated to emerging tools and experimental methodologies from Nanotechnology, which can be used to investigate molecular properties of neurons, synapses and sensory cells. Properties of the interactions between neurons and new materials, such carbon nanotubes and grapheme, will be covered as well as basic properties of Atomic Force Microscopy and advanced Photonics. Module 3 will focus on methods to study receptors and channels function at molecular level, to understand signaling mechanisms involved in neuronal plasticity and adaptive responses. This module will be complemented by practical courses and lectures on specific molecular biology methods, like site-directed mutagenesis, protein analysis as well as on the use of conventional microscopy and cell biology techniques. This module will... [-]

PhD in Physics and Chemistry of Biological Systems

International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)
Campus Full time 4 years October 2017 Italy Trieste

Understanding the working principles of living organisms and soft matter systems from the basic equations ruling the dynamics of atoms and molecules was considered science fiction until a few years ago, and biophysics was almost unanimously considered a battlefield for phenomenologists. [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. Understanding the working principles of living organisms and soft matter systems from the basic equations ruling the dynamics of atoms and molecules was considered science fiction until a few years ago, and biophysics was almost unanimously considered a battlefield for phenomenologists. Nowadays, applying rigorous physics to biological processes is no longer a dream. What’s more, it is becoming clear that the next few decades will be the golden age for the “theory of life”, which is expected to undergo the same accelerating growth experienced by other physics disciplines in the past century. Young scientists attracted by the opportunity to develop and apply concepts, models and methods to explore the still uncharted territory of quantitative biology can take up this challenge in our PhD programme in Physics and Chemistry of Biological Systems. This PhD programme has a highly interdisciplinary character and offers advanced, research- oriented training in theoretical and computational topics at the interface of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The faculty includes members from the SISSA Physics and Mathematics areas, the CNR-IOM Democritos centre and ICTP, the International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Students are typically admitted to the PhD programme after taking a written and oral exam, though non-EU applicants may be pre-selected based exclusively on academic qualifications. During the November-April period of the first year, students attend a set of advanced courses, which include: Statistical Mechanics, Numerical Methods in Computational Physics System Biology, Statistics and Probability Introduction to Biochemistry, Computational Biochemistry Advanced Sampling... [-]

PhD fellowship in structural biology of 14-3-3 protein complexes

Charles University Faculty of Science
Campus Full time 3 - 4 years October 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The Department of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague is offering a PhD scholarship at Tomas Obsil research group to start in October 1st 2016. Project is part of the Horizon2020 (H2020) Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network (ITN) “Targeted small-molecule Stabilization of Protein-Protein Interactions (TASPPI)”. [+]

The Department of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague is offering a PhD scholarship at Tomas Obsil research group to start in October 1st 2016. Project is part of the Horizon2020 (H2020) Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network (ITN) “Targeted small-molecule Stabilization of Protein-Protein Interactions (TASPPI)”. Offered PhD position is for 3-4 years with very competitive salary for first three years (gross income 2,600 € per month), additional family allowance for married students, and sufficient research funds; the last (optional) year the university will cover the basic salary of ca. 900 € per month. The application deadline is April 17th, 2016. Please send the application to the supervisor of the offered fellowship (T. Obsil: obsil@natur.cuni.cz). Project Aims of the PhD project are: (i) structural analysis of 14-3-3 protein complexes with protein kinases ASK1, CaMKKI and CaMKKII using chemical cross-linking, H/D exchange coupled to mass spectrometry (HDX-MS), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and protein crystallography; and (ii) identification and characterization of small molecules that stabilize these complexes. High-throughput screening, fragment-based ligand discovery, and virtual screening will be used to identify initial stabilizers. Subsequently, biophysical and structural methods will be used to characterize these molecules and their stabilizing activity towards their respective 14-3-3 complexes. Qualifications and eligibility Applicants from any country of the world are accepted, but good English skills are mandatory. Applicants should have a solid experience with recombinant protein expression and purification. A strong interest in Structural biology, Biophysics and/or Biochemistry is desirable. Previous experience with... [-]

PhD in Theoretical and Evolutionary Biology

Charles University Faculty of Science
Campus Full time Part time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

A specialist in area of life's origins and evolution. The student will receive a broad theoretical and methodical training oriented towards epistemology and theory in Biosciences. [+]

Doctoral Programs in Biology in Europe 2017/2018. A specialist in area of life's origins and evolution. The student will receive a broad theoretical and methodical training oriented towards epistemology and theory in Biosciences. This erudition is supplemented by student's special training in some particular area(s) of biology - thereby qualifying her/him for the work in a broad spectrum of research, e.g. theoretical biology, mathematical biology and modelling, history of science, and last but not least, standard experimental biology. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria The entrance examination has one round and is held as an interview. In exceptional cases, requested in writing by 30 April 2017, the dean can permit entrance examinations to take place via information and communication technology. During the entrance examination the candidate must demonstrate technical and linguistic skills to study the given field along with attributes necessary for scientific work. The entrance examination also takes into account the interest of the candidate in pursuing specific doctoral work with a particular supervisor and the candidate’s ability to handle this topic. The maximum score of the examination is 100 points. Conditions for admission Submission of a properly completed application, including prescribed appendices, and payment of the application fee by 30 April 2017. Completion of a master’s program of study at a university documented by a notarized copy of a diploma or certificate of equivalence of a foreign university education, or an original confirmation of completion of the required education by 30 September 2017. The requirement of... [-]