Doctorate Program in Biotechnology in Europe

View all PhD Programs in Biotechnology in Europe 2017

Biotechnology

The most popular doctorate is the Doctor of Philosophy or Ph.D. Ph.D.s and other study doctorates prepare graduate student to launch new plans that add to the common knowledge base of the field. Candidates for and holders of Ph.D.s often seek professions as professors and researchers, but many also go on to different roles in the charitable, public, and private sectors.

PhD Biotechnology enables you to have a deep understanding of the microorganism’s behavior. This is possible with the evolution of the environmental and technological factors that affect your presence in the earth. It also gives you confidence in handling issues that relate at the same time giving solutions to biotechnology branch of science.

There are more than four thousand higher education organizations in Europe, from leading research institutions to small, teaching-focused universities. Europe itself is not as much different than other continents, reaching from the Arctic Circle to the coast of Africa.

View all Doctoral Programs in Biotechnology in Europe 2017

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Official Doctoral Program In Advanced Biotechnology

Universidade da Coruña
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 5 years September 2017 Spain A Coruña + 1 more

The PhD program of Advanced Biotechnology aims to train professional researchers in different fields of biotechnological research and constitute an offer of competitive, homogeneous, well structured and quality doctoral studies. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. Introduction The doctoral program is an official interuniversity degree between the University of A Coruña and the University of Vigo. The program of Doctorate of Advanced Biotechnology Aims to train professional researchers in different fields of biotechnological research and to provide a competitive, homogeneous, well-structured and quality doctoral program. Why study the degree The aim is to prepare students to be able to initiate and complete a theoretical, methodological and research training in the multidisciplinary field of Biotechnology, which materialize in the elaboration and public defense of a complex, original and innovative doctoral thesis. What is learned The research area will focus on the 3 most important sectors of biotechnology (environmental sanitary and agri-food). The PhD program of Advanced Biotechnology is an interuniversity program, in which 36 doctors participate, distributed in the following teams: Biochemistry. University of A Coruña Biotechnology Team. University of A Coruña Plant Physiology Team. University of A Coruña Team of Organic Chemistry and Molecular Biology. University of A Coruña Fuel Equipment. University of A Coruña Genetics Team. University of A Coruña Biotechnology Team. University of Vigo Lines of investigation These are the lines of research of this doctoral program: Application of Total Quality Management and risk prevention to different areas Biobanks Bioelectroanalysis: modified electrodes, bionanotechnology and applications Biology of systems Bioprocesses applied to green chemistry and the environment Microbial Biotechnology Health Biotechnology Plant Biotechnology Search, expression, production and engineering of proteins with biotechnological applications Development and use of molecular markers... [-]

PhD in Bioinformatics and Genetics

Kadir Has University
Campus Full time September 2017 Turkey Istanbul

Biology, biotechnology and biosciences have been rapidly developing since 2000. To handle the data produced, computer technology is required due to the excessive amount of data. Most of the recent techniques used in DNA, RNA and protein based research is supported by bioinformatics and computer science. The computer science offers a new era for the biological sciences. [+]

Biology, biotechnology and biosciences have been rapidly developing since 2000. To handle the data produced, computer technology is required due to the excessive amount of data. Most of the recent techniques used in DNA, RNA and protein based research is supported by bioinformatics and computer science. The computer science offers a new era for the biological sciences. For example the building block of the cell, proteins are modeled in 3D using computer; this enables the rapid and efficient identification of molecular interactions and signal transduction pathways. Similarly, mutations in the genetic sequence can be detected quite fast using the computer technology. Since the recent advancements in computational biology decreased the cost and accelerated the research processes including the drug development, the in silico studies are highly demanded in industry. The young scientists having PhD from our department will have strong background on molecular biology and genetics, analyze the biological data using bioinformatics tools, develop tools, algorithms, and design drug candidates using computational biology techniques such as molecular modeling and simulations. This program is similatly close to basic science, translational science and applications in the sector. The program requires thesis writing. The education is 100% in English. Why Would I Choose This Program? The advanced genetic and computer technology has generated the intensive data processing needs and offered an environment where biology can be generated in silico. Revolutionary applications have been developed and are being developed. Bioinformaticians are globally sought; to answers such needs and develop applications. This need is predicted... [-]

PhD in Applied Micro and Nanosystems

University College of Southeast Norway
Campus Full time Part time August 2017 Norway Porsgrunn Drammen Rauland + 2 more

The PhD program in Applied Micro- and Nanosystems educates scientists with broad knowledge in micro- and nano system technologies. This becomes an increasingly important part of our everyday life, in all sorts of "smart systems", as for example sensors integrated into mobile phones, equipment for medical diagnosis, for monitoring the environment and for instrumentation in industrial processes. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. PhD in Applied Micro and Nanosystems Micro- and nanotechnology has become a very broad field, spanning everything from physics to materials science, chemistry and electronics, and more. The PhD program in Applied Micro- and Nanosystems educates scientists with broad knowledge in micro- and nano system technologies. This becomes an increasingly important part of our everyday life, in all sorts of "smart systems", as for example sensors integrated into mobile phones, equipment for medical diagnosis, for monitoring the environment and for instrumentation in industrial processes. Academically it builds on a broad range of engineering and science: Electronics, product design / engineering, material-learning, computer science and chemical processing, and basic physics. The research training ranging from design and mathematical modeling with advanced software tools, the manufacturing and characterization of national leader clean room laboratories. The laboratory at USN, along with complementary laboratories in Oslo and Trondheim, constitutes "NorFab" which is the Research Council's investment in infrastructure. The program is closely linked to industry cluster which exist regionally and nationally. This tight connection to the industry is unique among Norwegian PhD programs. The program is part of the reseach school "Nano Network" with national labor, where USN's role is to focusing on integrated, complete systems with direct industrial relevance. Internationally, the academic environment is closely linked to leading research centers in Europe, North America and East Asia. The PhD program's core areas are: Ultrasound for medical, maritime and industrial use. Tasks in design and fabrication/integration of ultrasound... [-]

Doctoral Programme in Biomedical Engineering

University of Minho - School of Engineering
Campus Full time 6 semesters October 2017 Portugal Braga

The main goal of the Doctoral Program in Biomedical Engineering (PDEBIOM), offered jointly by the Departments of Industrial Electronics, Biological Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Polymer Engineering and Informatics, School of Engineering, University of Minho, is to provide an educational environment that encourages students to develop the ability to contribute to the advancement of technology through independent and creative scientific research in the area of Biomedical Engineering. [+]

The main goal of the Doctoral Program in Biomedical Engineering (PDEBIOM), offered jointly by the Departments of Industrial Electronics, Biological Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Polymer Engineering and Informatics, School of Engineering, University of Minho, is to provide an educational environment that encourages students to develop the ability to contribute to the advancement of technology through independent and creative scientific research in the area of Biomedical Engineering. The scientific domain of this Doctoral Program is Biomedical Engineering, This doctoral program consists of a curricular component, with 60 ECTS, and the preparation of a PhD thesis. The conclusion of the curricular component will confer a degree of Advanced Studies in Biomedical Engineering, with a final grade obtained from the ratings of the courses that constitutes its study plan. Access to higher education The conclusion of this Doctoral degree allows the realization of research activity at post-doctoral level. Access forms Access to this cycle of studies requires an application to the School of Engineering of the University of Minho. Formal requirements May apply to the Doctoral Program in Biomedical Engineering, holders of Master's degree in Biomedical Engineering or legal equivalent. May also apply holders of a degree (5 years) in areas related to Biomedical Engineering with academic, scientific and professional exception, if recognized as attesting the capacity to carry out this cycle of studies by the Scientific Council of the School of Engineering. May also apply to the Doctoral Program in Biomedical Engineering candidates which meet either the requirements in paragraphs a) to c)... [-]

International Ph.D. Programme in Agrobiodiversity

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Campus Full time 3 years October 2017 Italy Pisa

The International Ph.D. Programme in Agrobiodiversity is aimed at the enhancement of human resource capacities in the use and management of genetic variation in agricultural and natural systems, in order to improve the sustainability of agricultural systems and the conservation of genetic resources for the well-being of present and future generations. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. The International Ph.D. Programme in Agrobiodiversity is aimed at the enhancement of human resource capacities in the use and management of genetic variation in agricultural and natural systems, in order to improve the sustainability of agricultural systems and the conservation of genetic resources for the well-being of present and future generations. The Programme is structured into two curricula: Curriculum A - Plant genetic resources; Curriculum B - Functional biodiversity in agroecosystems. Research areas will include the analysis of: - Genetic variation in single genes and entire genomes of agricultural and forestry plants and their wild relatives; - Mechanisms that control the variability in genes and/or groups of genes, as those involved in resistance to pathogens and/or pests and tolerance to environmental factors; - Role of functional biodiversity in maintaining genetic diversity, including evolution and co-evolution of pests/pathogens and host plants; - Role of functional diversity, including interactions between pests/ pathogens/weeds and domesticated/volunteer/wild plants, in agroecosystem health; - Plant and crop physiology, including plant stress physiology and post-harvest physiology: - Options for applying the acquired knowledge, as a prerequisite for crop improvement, crop protection, sustainable crop/agroforestry management and multifunctional land use. The International PhD Programme in Agrobiodiversity at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna- Pisa, offers three-years scholarships to carry out advanced research activities in the field of agrobiodiversity. Our goal is to encourage innovation and technology transfer in preserving, managing and exploiting agrobiodiversity through an advanced scientific educational programme. Scholarships are preferentially awarded to students coming from... [-]

Ph.D. Programme in BioRobotics

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Campus Full time 3 years October 2017 Italy Pisa

The Ph.D. programme in BioRobotics aims at educating highly competent researchers with the potential to be leaders in this area. The students will be educated in a stimulating and multidisciplinary environment, both through high level courses and through a demanding, creative and original research work. [+]

The Ph.D. programme in BioRobotics aims at educating highly competent researchers with the potential to be leaders in this area. The students will be educated in a stimulating and multidisciplinary environment, both through high level courses and through a demanding, creative and original research work. Doctoral research projects will be carried on in very well equipped, state-of-the-art laboratories (in such fields as bio-robotics, micro- and nano-technology, biomimetics, prosthetics) and through personal and team work performed under the supervision of a committed full-time faculty. The students will investigate how biological systems work from an engineering viewpoint, and will make use of such knowledge to pursue challenging research projects aimed at modeling, designing and building novel components and systems for biomedical applications, such as surgery and rehabilitation. The accomplishments of the students will be assessed by the number of papers published in peer reviewed international journals and by the number of patents filed. At the end of the Ph.D. programme, students will possess solid scientific and engineering skills, the ability to conceive and carry out original research projects, and an autonomous entrepreneurship spirit. Students are admitted to Ph.D. in BioRobotics further to a successful entrance examination. Eligible applicants must hold a Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree or equivalent title. Undergraduate students may also apply if they graduate before the beginning of the Course. The Ph.D. Programme in BioRobotics is a three-year program of advanced studies and supervised research; after the end of the Programme, the Diploma di Perfezionamento is conferred to students... [-]

Ph.D. Programme in Agrobiosciences

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Campus Full time 3 years October 2017 Italy Pisa

The Ph.D. Programme in “Agrobiosciences” is a three-year program characterized by an interdisciplinary connotation and designed for highly qualified and motivated students who wish to acquire the research and analytical skills of the international scientific community and to acquire the skills of professional academic research to work in government agencies, financial institutions, international agencies, private companies in economics. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. The Ph.D. Programme in “Agrobiosciences” is a three-year program characterized by an interdisciplinary connotation and designed for highly qualified and motivated students who wish to acquire the research and analytical skills of the international scientific community and to acquire the skills of professional academic research to work in government agencies, financial institutions, international agencies, private companies in economics. The Ph.D. Programme in “Agrobiosciences” consists in the following curricula: Genomics and Crop Science (Plant Biotechnology; Plant Genetics; Plant Physiology; Plant Genomics; Crop Sciences; Advanced technologies in Horticulture; Crop production and quality) Agriculture, Environment and Landscape (Multifunctional and sustainable agriculture, Organic and integrated agriculture, Crop production and quality; Agroecosystem management and functional biodiversity; Landscape Agronomy; Multicriteria analysis of food and non-food cropping systems; Agro-environemntal comparison of cropping systems; Agriculture-territory-landscape) Students are admitted to the three years Ph.D. in Agrobiosciences further to a successful entrance examination. Eligible applicants must hold a Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree or equivalent title. As stated in the Regulations of the School, the Ph.D. Programme in “Agrobiosciences” is a three-year program of advanced studies and supervised research; after the end of the Programme, the Diploma di Perfezionamento is conferred to students who have fulfilled the didactic requirement and passed a final examination with thesis dissertation; the Diploma di Perfezionamento is the equivalent of a Ph.D degree. [-]

PhD in Biomedical Sciences: Biology

Lithuanian Sports University
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Lithuania Kaunas

PhD studies in the area of Biology at LSU started in 1993. In the period of 1993 – 2013, 61 doctors of science were trained. In 2011, joint doctoral studies in Biological Sciences of Lithuanian Sports University and the University of Tartu (Estonia) were launched [+]

PhD studies in the area of Biology at LSU started in 1993. In the period of 1993 – 2014, 65 doctors of science were trained. In 2011, joint doctoral studies in Biological Sciences of Lithuanian Sports University and the University of Tartu (Estonia) were launched. Joint LSU and UT PhD studies in Biology consolidated research in the area of Biology, and they ensure more integrated and substantial investigations of scientific problems in biology. Research of doctoral students in Biological Sciences involves many branches of biology: - Physiology, - Biomechanics, - Bioinformatics, - Histology, - Genetics, - Animal anatomy and morphology, - Animal physiology; - Endocrinology, - Immunology, - General pathology, - Gerontology, - Biochemistry, - Neurology, - Anatomy/morphology, - Epidemiology, - Molecular biophysics. The duration of doctoral studies is 4 years. Qualification of persons to be admitted Having a Master's or equivalent qualification degree in the field of Biomedical Sciences or: - The field of Biochemistry (04P) , - The field of Veterinary Medicine (02A), - The field of Zoological Techniques (03A) - Branches of Physical Education, Motor Learning, Sport (S273) or Research Methodology (S274). [-]

PhD in Organic Technology

University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
Campus Full time Part time 4 years Open Enrollment Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

Organic Technology sub-programme builds on Master sub-programmes Engineering and Technology and Applied Chemistry. The aim of the doctoral study is to prepare graduates for mangement and optimization of processes in chemical industry as well as for research and development of chemical specialties. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. Overview Organic Technology sub-programme builds on Master sub-programmes Engineering and Technology and Applied Chemistry. The aim of the doctoral study is to prepare graduates for mangement and optimization of processes in chemical industry as well as for research and development of chemical specialties. Therefore, this sub-programme is principally oriented at modernization of current technologies of organic substances as well as development of new ones, from basic intermediates and products that are produced in large scale to small tonnage fine chemicals, e.g. biologically active substances, fragrance and flavour substances, surfactants. Chemical transformation occurs in majority of cases in catalytic reactors and therefore requires detailed study of preparation, properties and behaviour of various homogenous and heterogenous catalysts. Students will gain theoretical and practical knowledge and experience with modern separation, optical and thermal instrumental methods, with computer simulations of reaction and separation processes, with processing of results of laboratory experiments and industrial data. The area of environmental chemistry is emphasised too, the main focus being chemical, photochemical and photocatalytic removal of undesirable organic substances from the environment. The sub-programme offers wide variety of dissertation theses– from significantly experimentally oriented to those focused on mathematical modelling, computer simulation and statistical evaluation of data, but more often featuring a combination of these. Careers Graduates can find their jobs in basic and applied research focused on bulk organic technologies, special chemical technologies as well as pharmaceutical technologies, at university departments or at the Academy of Sciences, at research and technology... [-]

PhD in Microbiology

University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
Campus Full time Part time 4 years Open Enrollment Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

This field of study is focused on education of specialists competent to work in wide spectrum of microbiology. Study is targeted on complex mastering of several branches of contemporary microbiology, including environmental, clinical and food microbiology together with principles of molecular genetics. [+]

Overview This field of study is focused on education of specialists competent to work in wide spectrum of microbiology. Study is targeted on complex mastering of several branches of contemporary microbiology, including environmental, clinical and food microbiology together with principles of molecular genetics. Careers Graduate is prepared for research, but also for the leading position in many branches of technological, clinical, environmental and food microbiology laboratories. It is garanted by deep knowledge of basic microbiology and contemporary arrays of molecular biology and biochemistry. Selection of recent theses β-N-Acetylhexosaminidase from Talaromyces flavus The role of SUMO in cellular response to stress Isolation of antimicrobial peptides from plants Isolation and characterization of lipases and their biotechnological applications New vaccination tools inducing T cell immunity Uptake and intracellular sequestration of zinc by the ectomycorrhizal fungus Russula atropurpurea Pro-apoptotic signaling of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin Preparation and characterization of recombinant ameloblastin Biofilm, virulence and control strategies of Listeria monocytogenes The study of biological systems responsible for the degradation of chlorbenzoic acids [-]

PhD in Food Technology

University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
Campus Full time Part time 4 years Open Enrollment Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

The main aim of the doctoral program is to prepare graduates with the ability of independent creative work and deep knowledge in the field of food technology and other related subjects. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. Overview The main aim of the doctoral program is to prepare graduates with the ability of independent creative work and deep knowledge in the field of food technology and other related subjects. The study is focused on the scientific and research work in technological processes and is based on comprehensive knowledge of the chemical, biological, engineering and economic disciplines, and the knowledge of thesolution of the specific complex problems of chosen food branches (cereal, baker and sugar technology, dairy and fat technology, meat and meat products technology, technology of fruit and vegetables, technology of surfactants and detergants and cosmetics). Careers Graduates are able to work in science and research or directly in the food industry, as well as in the related fields like cosmetics and chemical industry, including the processing of waste and protection of the environment. They may hold management positions in development, production, control and projection in commercial firms or state institutions. Due to the broad concept of expertise the graduates are ready not only for professional action in their specialization, but also for the adaptation for possible application in other technical and scientific fields. Selection of recent theses Preparation and characterisation of sorbents based on modified polysaccharides Functional properties of whey proteins Trends in food packaging: packaging with antimicrobial activity and hygienic aspects of use of plasticizers based on epoxidized soybean oil Radical and pericyclic reactions in fats and oils under high temperatures Assessment of Authenticity of Vinegar and Canned Products... [-]

PhD in Biotechnology

University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
Campus Full time Part time 4 years Open Enrollment Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

The aim of the doctoral study is to prepare graduates with the ability of independent creative work and deep knowledge in the field of biotechnology and other related subjects. [+]

Overview The aim of the doctoral study is to prepare graduates with the ability of independent creative work and deep knowledge in the field of biotechnology and other related subjects. The study is focused on the scientific and research work in biotechnological processes and is based on comprehensive knowledge of the chemical, biological, engineering and economic disciplines, and the knowledge of the specific properties of plant, animal and microbial cells. Careers Graduates are able to work in science and research or directly in the biotechnology industry, as well as in the related fields like food processing, pharmaceutical and chemical industry, including the processing of waste and protection of the environment. They may hold management positions in development, production, control and projection in commercial firms or state institutions. Due to the broad concept of expertise the graduates are ready not only for professional action in their specialization, but also for the adaptation for possible application in other technical and scientific fields. Selection of recent theses Immobilisation of biomaterials via sol-gel process New ways to improve the colloidal stability of beer Bacterial production of surface active compounds and their biological activity Application of immobilized yeast cells in continuous alcohol-free beer production Biodegradace monoaromátů v reálných matricích bakterií Rhodococcus erythropolis Degradation of Styrene and Acetone Mixture Using Biofiltration Microalgal surface interactions and their biotechnological applications Consumer perception of beer qualitative characteristics Analysis of genes coding for enzymes involved in degradation of aromatic pollutants in Rhodococcus erythropolis Study of the physiological state of microbial... [-]

PhD in Bioanalytical Chemistry

Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy
Campus Full time Part time 4 years October 2017 Czech Republic Hradec Králové + 1 more

Current instrumental methods used in qualitative and quantitative analysis, separation methods, processing of biological material. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. Scholarship 100.000 Kč This number was calculated by automatic currency conversion using exchange rate for EUR: 27.055 Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria Content of the entrance examination Current instrumental methods used in qualitative and quantitative analysis, separation methods, processing of biological material. Additional conditions for the bonus (practice) Successfully completed (degree) university studies in healthcare bioanalytics, pharmacy or related field. Diploma thesis with analytical focus. Experience in bioanalytical laboratory. Criteria for the evaluation examination Professional knowledge level – reviewed on answers to questions stated in General content of entrance exam Submitted doctoral project – complexity of project, modern methodical access to solution and project continuation of actually solved topics in appropriate field of study are evaluated Conditions for admission Application form must be submitted to the stated term incl. all enclosures Finishing of required former studies Successfully passed entrance exam [-]

PhD in Biophysics, Chemical and Macromolecular Physics

Charles University Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Campus Full time Part time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

The graduate from the 4F4 curriculum is a specialist qualified for an independent basic or applied research work in the interdisciplinary fields at the border on physics, chemistry and biology. [+]

Subject entrance examination The subject entrance examination takes the form of a discussion about the chosen study programme and the intended doctoral thesis topic. The committee judges the applicant's interest in the field, motivation, expertise, and overall readiness for doctoral studies. The level of knowledge expected is that required for passing the state final examination of the corresponding master's study programme and branch at Charles University. The applicant must demonstrate his/her insight into the basic areas of science relevant to the chosen thesis topic. The committee also takes into account documents submitted with the application, namely the statement by the proposed advisor, by the head of the proposed training department, recommendation letters, CV, and the letter of motivation. Language entrance examination The language entrance examination verifies that you have an adequate command of the English language, i.e. at least at level B2 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). Conditions for admission Admission for studies You will be admitted for studies if you have completed a Master degree programme, successfully pass (or get a waiver of) the subject and language entrance examination, and if an advisor in the required study programme is available. Information on the exercise of graduates The graduate from the 4F4 curriculum is a specialist qualified for an independent basic or applied research work in the interdisciplinary fields at the border on physics, chemistry and biology. He has got deep knowledge of relevant physical experimental and theoretical methods as well as the acquaintance with... [-]

PhD in Biomechanics

Charles University Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
Campus Full time Part time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

The graduate of doctoral studies in Biomechanics is well prepared from a professional point of view. He/she has the knowledge and skills needed to solve scientific and research issues concerning basic and applied research as well as other areas of research and development, where biomechanics is involved. [+]

Doctorates in Biotechnology in Europe 2017. Biomechanics is an interdisciplinary scientific discipline, which, based on a detailed knowledge of anatomy and the biochemistry of relevant processes, deals with the mechanical structure and behaviour of living systems and their mutual mechanical interactions. The main theoretical aim is the formulation of generally valid rules, both at the cellular and organic level, as well as at the human, individual level. The biophysical and engineering methodological approach for solving tasks is supported by high-level knowledge of biological character. The research takes place at various distinct levels ranging from micro-biomechanics (cellular level) to living macro systems (e.g. biomechanics of humans). It is possible to encounter biomechanic applications in a wide range of sciences and professional activities. Biomechanics in this form can be used not only in the area of basic research, but also in a wide range of professional activities such as rehabilitation medicine, ergonomics, forensic and biomedicine engineering, sports, etc. The training centre of the Charles University and the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic provides interdisciplinary education in the PhD degree study programmes in a broad scope, and within particular specializations. Students´ curricula are highly individualized according to the demands of the chosen issue and specialization. During the studies great emphasis is placed upon students' independent research activity within the context of the teamwork of the training centre. Experimental facilities include laboratories of particular training workplaces. Students´ publications appear in respected scientific magazines, and an active participation in congresses is considered an... [-]