The PhD is a doctoral degree, specifically called a "doctor of philosophy" degree. This is misleading because PhD holders are not necessarily philosophers (unless they earned their degree in philosophy!). That said, PhD recipients are able to engage in thought experiments, reason about problems, and solve problems in sophisticated ways.
A PhD in Chemistry is a doctorate in the field of basic chemistry research. The various disciplines entailed include bioorganic, supramolecular synthesis, nanofabrication, atmospheric and environmental chemistry as well as fuel cell research fields. The program is offered in US and UK and marketable worldwide and collaborate often with other programs including Biophysics, Chemical Physics, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Physics.
Universities in Turkey provide either two or four years of education for undergraduate studies, while graduate programs last a minimum of two years. There are around 820 higher education institutions in Turkey including 76 universities with a total student enrollment of over 1 million. The quality of education at the Turkish universities varies greatly, some providing education and facilities on par with internationally renowned schools.
Istanbul is one of the largest urban agglomerations in Europe with around 14 million citizens. Many of the universities in Turkey are located there or at least have campuses there. It’s also known for private higher education sector and award-winning institutes, especially for biomedicine.
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Chemical & Biological Engineering is a discipline that integrates chemistry and biology at the molecular level and uses this broad foundation along with engineering fundamentals to study the [+]
PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering
Chemical & Biological Engineering is a discipline that integrates chemistry and biology at the molecular level and uses this broad foundation along with engineering fundamentals to study the synthesis of new processes and products. Our graduate program in Chemical and Biological Engineering is an interdisciplinary program that combines chemical engineering fundamentals and systems biology to meet the research challenges of the future. The research areas of interest are:
Dug Discovery Tissue Engineering Plant Biotechnology Protein-Protein Interactions Protein Folding Process Dynamics, Control and Optimization Systems Engineering Catalysis Supercritical Fluids Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials Fuel Cells and Sustainable Development Computational Fluid Dynamics Polymer Science and Engineering Microfluidics Biological Clock Interaction Networks and Pathways Modeling of metal organic frameworks for energy applications Molecular simulations of crystalline nanoporous membranes for gas separations Computational studies of adsorption and diffusion in porous materials Supercritical fluids and ionic liquids ... [-]