Doctorate Degrees in Computer Science

Compare 40 PhD Programs in Computer Science

Computer Science

Computer Science refers to the understanding and design of computers and computational sciences. It requires both abstract and concrete thinking in order to apply theory and practice to computing. There are many programs all over the world offering PhD in Computer Science programs.

Depending on the university, curriculum for a PhD in Computer Science varies. Some programs are only research based and some require coursework. Topics of study for a PhD in Computer Science may include information security, database systems, compilers, software engineering, and computational theory. For a PhD in Computer Science, research is usually conducted closely with faculty while candidates work towards completing their dissertation. PhD in Computer Science programs prepare candidates for work in universities, research institutions, or other private or public agencies.

If you are interested in advancing in a growing field, then a PhD in Computer Science may be the degree you are looking for. Take a look through the options below!

Read More

PhD in Computer Science

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Greece Athens Cyprus Nicosia + 3 more

The Ph.D. in Computer Science, in line with the general philosophy of Doctoral Degrees, provides the student with the most advanced knowledge of Computer Science and Information Technologies and Communications. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Computer Science (PhD, 3 years) Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate) Language of Instruction: The research and the writing up of the Ph.D. Thesis can be either in English or in Greek (the language is subject to the approval of the Supervising Team). Mode of Study: Full time/ Part time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The Ph.D. in Computer Science, in line with the general philosophy of Doctoral Degrees, provides the student with: the most advanced knowledge of Computer Science and Information Technologies and Communications the most advanced and specialised skills and techniques, required to solve critical problems in research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practice in the broad area of Computer Science competencies related to substantial authority, innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity Graduation Requirements The Ph.D. programme requires the completion of 180 ECTS out of which, 60 ECTS are allocated to the preparation of the research proposal, 90 ECTS are allocated to the research and writing up of the writing up of the Thesis and 30 ECTS for the defence of the Thesis. The minimum number of years for completing the Ph.D. is three (3) and the maximum number of years is eight (8). Learning Outcomes Ph.D. holders in Computer Science will: have deep understanding of the field and exhibit advanced skills and methods of research associated with the field be able to conceive, design, implement and... [-]

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Computer Science

College of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Burlington

The PhD in Computer Science program is administered by the Graduate College. The Department of Computer Science has set up the policies and requirements for its PhD program on the basis of the policies and requirements of all PhD programs administered by the Graduate College. This document should answer most of the common questions about the PhD in Computer Science Program. However, all readers are encouraged to... [+]

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Computer Science The PhD in Computer Science program is administered by the Graduate College. The Department of Computer Science has set up the policies and requirements for its PhD program on the basis of the policies and requirements of all PhD programs administered by the Graduate College. This document should answer most of the common questions about the PhD in Computer Science Program. However, all readers are encouraged to consult with the Graduate Committee of the Computer Science Department as well as the Graduate College for further information. Uniqueness of Our PhD Program Doctoral programs are fundamentally different from Bachelor's or Master's degree programs. Like other programs, doctoral students gain a base level of knowledge through course work. The difference, however, comes with research. Whereas a Bachelor's or Master's student may undertake a research project, it merely provides a complement to the course work and is clearly guided by a faculty advisor. Doctoral research is the focus of a doctoral student's studies. Doctoral research is much more self-guided and exploratory than research done in the other programs. Future employers typically select doctoral students on the quality and originality of their thesis research, not their grades in course work. Reflecting this focus, the bulk of time and effort during a student's doctoral studies is spent on thesis research. In the last thirty-plus years, computer science has developed into a rich academic discipline. But computers and computation also play a key role in many research disciplines, including... [-]

MPhil / PhD in Games Computing and Creative Technologies specialisms

University of Bolton
Campus Full time 3 - 7 years August 2017 United Kingdom Bolton

This MPhil/PhD offered by the School of Business and Creative Technologies offers you an opportunity to focus your studies in an area that is of personal or professional relevance to you. You will be supported by a first supervisor, who will offer specialised guidance, and a second supervisor, who will provide a more general overview of your studies. Depending on your qualifications and experience you may register for an MPhil with the option to... [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. Games Computing and Creative Technologies specialisms - MPhil / PhD This MPhil/PhD offered by the School of Business and Creative Technologies offers you an opportunity to focus your studies in an area that is of personal or professional relevance to you. You will be supported by a first supervisor, who will offer specialised guidance, and a second supervisor, who will provide a more general overview of your studies. Depending on your qualifications and experience you may register for an MPhil with the option to progress to a PhD or register for the PhD directly. As well as regular meetings with your supervisors, there will be an annual review of progress by means of a formal submission to the school’s research committee. Subject overview The latest nationwide Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) results, announced in December 2008, resulted in research work conducted at the University of Bolton being assessed as world-leading in terms of originality, significance and rigour. The School of Business and Creative Technologies is developing a multidisciplinary research culture in the disciplines of computer games, computing and IT, and the creative technologies, and is collaborating with industry and other academic partners. Research topics Research activity in the school is vibrant and staff and research students work in a number of areas including machine-mediated communication and HCI, e-learning and e-commerce, relational agents, artificial intelligence, physical character animation modelling, emotioneering and biofeedback, sound engineering and computer game sound. Current large-scale research and enterprise activity within the school includes... [-]

PhD in Cognitive, Computational and Social Neurosciences

IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca
Campus Full time Part time October 2017 Italy Lucca

One of thefour field-specific curricula is the Cognitive, Computational and Social Neurosciences curriculum. This research-based, multidisciplinary doctorate program focuses on cognitive, computational and social neurosciences. Students will attend multiple courses, including fundamentals in cognitive psychology, behavioral and social neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychophysiology, neural basis of perception, neural basis of consciousness, philosophy of science, critical thinking, structural and functional neuroimaging, and basic/advanced methods for data analysis. [+]

2017/18 PhD program at IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca Deadline for applications – July 18th 2017, 12 pm (midday)Italian time Applications are now being accepted for the 2017/18 PhD program at the IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, one of the six Schools of Excellence in Italy and one of the highest rated graduate schools in Europe according to the most recent E-Multirank survey. Highly motivated candidates from all disciplines are invited to apply for one of the 36 fully-funded scholarships within a doctoral program that integrates scientific competences of economics, engineering, computer science, neuroscience and behavioral psychology, physics, applied mathematics, statistics, history and sciences of cultural heritage. One of thefour field-specific curricula is the Cognitive, Computational and Social Neurosciences curriculum. This research-based, multidisciplinary doctorate program focuses on cognitive, computational and social neurosciences. Students will attend multiple courses, including fundamentals in cognitive psychology, behavioral and social neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychophysiology, neural basis of perception, neural basis of consciousness, philosophy of science, critical thinking, structural and functional neuroimaging, and basic/advanced methods for data analysis. In particular, the program is designed to train researchers who will contribute to knowledge in areas such as multisensory perception, supramodality and cross-modality; sleep and consciousness; action recognition and motor control; neuroplasticity and learning; organization of semantic concepts; neurolinguistics; social and antisocial behavior; decision-making processes in economics and financial environments.During their doctoral studies, students are encouraged to carry out their research with the School’s Research Units. Coursesare led by world-renowned researchers and provide students with all the... [-]

PhD in Informatics and Computing

Northern Arizona University
Campus Full time 5 years August 2017 USA Flagstaff

The PhD INF program prepares graduate students to work in the transformative "fourth paradigm" of science and engineering, an interdisciplinary field relying on Big Data and advanced software, hardware, and statistics skills. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. The PhD INF program prepares graduate students to work in the transformative "fourth paradigm" of science and engineering, an interdisciplinary field relying on Big Data and advanced software, hardware, and statistics skills. After a streamlined five-year plan of study, graduates will be ready to be leaders in industry and government research labs, faculty and research scientists in academia, and entrepreneurs in cutting-edge informatics application areas. Graduates will make contributions to exciting projects that address critical areas of national need in bioinformatics, population health, environmental sustainability, ecology, software engineering, wearable computing, cyber-physical systems, and cybersecurity. Students' research and education are strengthened through broad collaborations with a variety of academic, government, and private entities. We accept students from broad formal educational backgrounds such as biology, ecology, computer science, electrical engineering, and statistics, however all students must possess sufficient mastery of key foundational areas in order to meaningfully engage in and contribute to original research. These areas include programming, data structures, software development methods, and statistics. Program faculty may require that students admitted into the program correct any deficiencies in these areas by enrolling in additional undergraduate or graduate courses. Available Emphasis Areas: Bioengineering Informatics - Emphasis Cyber and Software Systems - Emphasis Ecological and Environmental Informatics - Emphasis Health and Bioinformatics - Emphasis The doctoral degree in Informatics and Computing enables students to engage in a research-intensive course of study within a broad range of informatics and computing areas, including population health, bioinformatics, remote sensing, ecological modeling wireless... [-]

Doctoral Programme in Science (Technology)

Aalto University
Campus Full time Part time August 2017 Finland Espoo Helsinki Pori Mikkeli + 4 more

The goal of the programme is to train doctors in physics, mathematics, biomedical engineering, computer science and industrial engineering and management to serve in the academic world, public sector and industry and commerce. [+]

The goal of the programme is to train doctors in physics, mathematics, biomedical engineering, computer science and industrial engineering and management to serve in the academic world, public sector and industry and commerce. Doctors graduating from Aalto Doctoral Programme in Science have what it takes to serve in demanding academic research and teaching positions and in expert, development and management positions of the information society. The departments, which are in charge of doctoral education at the School of Science, offer research fields that are based on strong research traditions and research at the highest international level. At the moment there are four Centres of Excellence in Research at the departments of the School of Science designated by the Academy of Finland. The School of Science is also very active in the national Doctoral Education Networks. What can you study? Aalto Doctoral Programme in Science offers the degree of Doctor of Science (Technology) in one of the following departments and their research fields: Department of Applied Physics Department of Computer Science Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Department of Mathematics and Systems Analysis Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Graduate as doctor in four years Doctoral education at the School of Science is based on vigorous basic research that forms a strong basis for teaching and both development and innovation activities. The most important part of the education is writing the dissertation in a strong research milieu. The theoretical studies that support the thesis work are tailored individually to suit the... [-]

PhD in Computer Science and Engineering

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 4 years September 2017 Hong Kong

The PhD program aims to develop the skills needed to identify research issues related to a practical application, to formulate an original research plan that addresses some of those issues, and to independently create a computing-related solution. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. Make your input really count as a postgraduate student in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering. Traditional computer science research covers the hardware and software of computer systems and their applications. Computer science programs at HKUST emphasize an integrated approach to the study of computers and computing methods to collect, process, analyze and transmit information to support relevant and useful applications in modern life. Computer science is still a young field. The world is only just beginning to realize the potential of information technology. The Department and its programs prepare students to meet the exciting challenges that await and to generate new advances in computing that will fuel future progress. The PhD program aims to develop the skills needed to identify research issues related to a practical application, to formulate an original research plan that addresses some of those issues, and to independently create a computing-related solution. Research Foci The Department's research involves many different areas: Artificial Intelligence Machine learning, data mining and pattern recognition, knowledge representation and reasoning, robotics and sensor-based activity recognition, multi-agent and game theory, and speech and language processing. Data, Knowledge and Information Management Large-scale data management, modeling and distribution encompassing web query processing, information retrieval and web search, data mining, enterprise systems, high-performance data management systems on modern computers, and database support for science applications. Human-Computer Interaction Augmented reality, multi-touch interaction, crowdsourcing, multimodal communication, affective computer, visual analytics of big data, intelligent interface for robots, E-learning, healthcare and e-commerce. Networking... [-]

PhD in Applied Informatics

University of Hradec Králové, Faculty of Informatics and Management
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Hradec Králové

The graduate of the doctoral study in Applied Informatics is able to design and develop information, communication and knowledge technologies in different industries and businesses. Both are prepared to become research workers. [+]

PhD in Applied Informatics The main research topics are information systems design methodologies, advanced techniques in information and knowledge processing, ambient intelligence. The graduate of the doctoral study in Applied Informatics is able to design and develop information, communication and knowledge technologies in different industries and businesses. Both are prepared to become research workers. Entrance Requirements for the Candidate The candidate has to be a Master’s degree graduate specialised in economics or informatics or another closely related field of study. In the field of informatics the candidate is required to design simple database applications, to have good knowledge of CASE tools, principles of programming, basic tools for decision making support, general knowledge of modern information and communication technologies, systems approaches and analysis. Also we demand active command of English and passive knowledge of one other foreign language. Organization The studies follow common Study and Examination Rules of the doctoral study programme. Specific organisational problems, which may occur, are discussed here in greater detail. The study programme is outlined in such a way that students of each of the two mentioned fields of study attend the compulsory common basics consisting of four subjects: selected questions on the theory of economics general systems theory statistical and mathematical methods in management information and knowledge systems The student takes on at least two other subjects in addition to this common basic which are close to the chosen field of his or her studies. Graduation Requirements 180 credits or more oral defence of the doctoral... [-]

Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Engineering (Ph.D.)

The George Washington University - School of Engineering & Applied Science
Campus Full time 4 - 6 years September 2017 USA District of Columbia

The doctoral program in computer engineering is designed to involve students in cutting-edge research in the areas of computer architecture and high-performance computing, or microelectronics and VLSI systems. The research interests of the faculty in the computer architecture and high-performance computing area span computer architecture, parallel processing, cloud computing, and high-performance and grid computing. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. Program Overview The doctoral program in computer engineering is designed to involve students in cutting-edge research in the areas of computer architecture and high-performance computing, or microelectronics and VLSI systems. The research interests of the faculty in the computer architecture and high-performance computing area span computer architecture, parallel processing, cloud computing, and high-performance and grid computing. In the microelectronics and VLSI design area, the faculty's interests include the design and modeling of electronic and nanoelectronic devices and systems, microfluidic devices integrated with electronic devices, the design of MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) for sensors and for RF-MEMS devices, micro and nanoelectronic circuits with applications to sensors and biosensors, and techniques to develop CMOS Integrated sensors and their interface circuits using analog and digital circuits. Offered through the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the Ph.D. in Computer Engineering prepares students to learn and apply sophisticated computer architecture and integrated circuit design techniques using industry-standard computer-aided design tools. Faculty and students work together to explore solutions for photonic computing; create state-of-the-art advances in high-performance computing; and improve the reliability of cloud computing. The program offers up-to-date knowledge and skills in the advances of computer systems architecture and networking, as well as the rapidly-growing use of superscalar microprocessors, real-time embedded systems, VLSI and ASIC design modules, digital signal processors, and networked computing platforms. The program offers a flexible schedule that includes courses in the late afternoon and evening, as well as the ability to choose a thesis or non-thesis degree... [-]

PhD in Computer Science

University of Johannesburg
Campus Full time February 2018 South Africa Johannesburg

The purpose of the PhD in Computer Science is to provide qualifying students with an in-depth understanding and integrated knowledge of advanced applicable theory in the field of specialisation. [+]

The purpose of the PhD in Computer Science is to provide qualifying students with an in-depth understanding and integrated knowledge of advanced applicable theory in the field of specialisation. A PhD in Computer Science is a pure science based research study that requires candidates to demonstrate high-level research capability and make a significant and original academic contribution at the frontiers of the discipline of specialisation. The PhD in Computer Science demands a very high level of intellectual, theoretical and practical specialized science knowledge and insight into problems related to the field of study and of the application of advanced experimental methods and techniques of the modern research, as well as of fundamental scientific and academic values in generating, processing, interpreting and presenting research data orally and in written form. The General Rules for Doctorates are applicable. In addition a minimum result of 65% is required for the preceding Master’s Degree. [-]

PhD in Computer Science and Software Engineering

Auburn University
Campus Full time Part time September 2017 USA Auburn

For students interested in the Ph.D program, it requires a a master’s degree or successful completion of a minimum of one academic year of graduate study, from an institution of recognized standing in an area related to the proposed doctoral study. All applicants must submit Graduate Record Examination scores for the general test. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. For students interested in the Ph.D program, it requires a a master’s degree or successful completion of a minimum of one academic year of graduate study, from an institution of recognized standing in an area related to the proposed doctoral study. All applicants must submit Graduate Record Examination scores for the general test. Student will take a written qualifying examination soon after gaining admission to the program. Additional examinations, as described in the general Graduate School requirements, are given throughout the program, culminating with the defense of the dissertation. There is no language requirement for the Ph.D. The program typically includes at least one academic year of course work and one year of research beyond the master’s level. The Ph.D. program requires a minimum of 66 semester credit hours of course work beyond the bachelor’s level, including 18 hours of research and dissertation. Recruiting Multiple fully funded Ph.D. positions (supported via Research Assistantships) are available in the exciting field of Deep Learning. The positions are expected to start in Fall 2017 or Spring 2018. Undergraduate, MS students and visiting scholars are also welcome (depending on cases, some funding may be available). The research topic: is flexible and will be in areas of mutual interest in Deep Learning. Topics include but are not limited to: computer vision applications; generative modeling; understanding and explaining deep neural networks; improving model reliability and security; combining deep learning and evolutionary algorithms. Application Instructions If you are interested in applying for a... [-]

PhD in Computer Science and Engineering

Brno University of Technology
Campus Full time Part time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Brno + 1 more

The goal of the doctoral study programme is to provide outstanding graduates from the MSc study programme with a specialised university education of the highest level in certain fields of information technology, including especially the areas of information systems, computer-based systems and computer networks, computer graphics and multimedia, and intelligent systems. [+]

Computer Science and Engineering Abbreviation: DVI4 Programme: Computer Science and Engineering Faculty: Faculty of Information Technology Academic year: 2016/2017 Profile of the branch: The goal of the doctoral study programme is to provide outstanding graduates from the MSc study programme with a specialised university education of the highest level in certain fields of information technology, including especially the areas of information systems, computer-based systems and computer networks, computer graphics and multimedia, and intelligent systems. The education obtained within this study programme also comprises a training and attestation for scientific work. Key learning outcomes: Graduates from the doctoral study programme are trained to independently work in research, development, or management. They are able to solve and/or to lead teams solving advanced conceptual, research, development, or production problems in the area of contemporary information technology and its applications. They can be engaged to work on creative tasks, to lead research and development teams, or to work in management of companies or organizations whenever there are required abilities to work in an independent and creative way, to analyze complex problems, and to propose and realize new and original solutions. Graduates from the doctoral study programme can also teach and/or scientifically work at universities. Branch supervisor: prof. RNDr. Milan Češka, CSc. Issued topics of Doctoral Study Program: Advanced Algorithms of Computer Graphics The topic focuses algorithms of computer graphics and generally computer image synthesis. Its main goal is to research algorithms so that their features and application possibilities are better understood, so that they... [-]

PhD in Computing/Computer Science

European University Cyprus
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

The doctorate degree in Computing/Computer Science provides the future PhD holders with the necessary skills and abilities to become successful academics demonstrating an excellence in research and making a significant contribution to the local and international research community in the field of Computing/Computer Science. Through a minimum of a 3 years period, candidates develop critical thinking, formulate their own opinions, acquire research culture, and become autonomous researchers able to plan, develop, implement and coordinate research studies as well as to reason and present their findings to the international scientific community. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. The doctorate degree in Computing/Computer Science provides the future PhD holders with the necessary skills and abilities to become successful academics demonstrating an excellence in research and making a significant contribution to the local and international research community in the field of Computing/Computer Science. Through a minimum of a 3 years period, candidates develop critical thinking, formulate their own opinions, acquire research culture, and become autonomous researchers able to plan, develop, implement and coordinate research studies as well as to reason and present their findings to the international scientific community. Objectives & Outcomes General Objectives The Program aims to: Provide graduates with the opportunity to conduct research studies in the field of Computer Science Cultivate ethically-responsible research studies in the field of Computer Science Enhance the research capacity of Cyprus in the field of Computer Science Enhance the implementation of Computer Science – related innovation activities (research & development) in the industrial sector of Cyprus Contribute in the enhancement of the overall research culture in Cyprus Specific Objectives Specifically, the Program aims to: Provide opportunities for candidates to specialize in research topics related to fields of Computer Science research Provide candidates with the ability to formulate and evaluate Computer Science research questions by following appropriate research methodologies Develop the candidates’ technical writing skills which will allow them to produce high-quality research documents (scientific papers, dissertation) Develop the candidates’ presentation skills which will allow them to efficiently showcase research findings in scientific conferences Enrich and deepen the... [-]

Doctor of Philosophy in Science

Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST)
Campus Full time 5 years November 2017 Macau

Our curricula are based on a solid foundation with a balanced coverage of theory and practice, and undergo frequent update to keep the content current. we have also been gradually increasing the use of English as the medium of instruction. Our mission is to train students to become IT professionals who are hardworking, responsible, and good team players, with the skills and capabilities to contribute to the development of our local and regional societies, and to be able to survive in the increasingly competitive global market. At FIT, students will not only gain knowledge but more importantly understand the principles and importance of life-long learning. [+]

Doctor of Philosophy in Science Computer Technology and Application This major provides training for students to become high-level researchers in the area of computer technology and application. We provide high-quality courses in selected topics in computer technology, training students to master the research methods in computer technology. This major will solidate their foundation for conducting research in field of computer technology. Graduates should propose innovative ideas or publish innovative research results on a specialized topic. Electronic Information Technology This major provides training for students to become high-level researchers in the area of electronic information technology. We provide high-quality courses in selected topics in electronic information technology, training students to master the research methods in electronic information technology. This major will solidate their foundation for conducting research in the field of electronic information technology.Graduates should propose innovative ideas or publish innovative research results on a specialized topic. Space Information Technology Space information technology is a multidisciplinary major of information technology and space science. This major provides training for students to become high-level researchers in the area of space information technology. We provide high-quality courses in selected topics in information technology and space science, training students to master the research methods for analyzing of space science data. This major will solidate their foundation for conducting research in the field of space information technology.Graduates should propose innovative ideas or publish innovative research results on a specialized topic. For Curriculum details, please refer to: http://www.must.edu.mo/en/fi-en/programme/doctoral-degree-programme/study-plan [-]

PhD in Computing and Information Sciences

Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 USA Rochester

The doctoral program in computing and information sciences is designed to produce independent scholars, well-prepared educators, and cutting-edge researchers poised to excel in their work in computing and interdisciplinary academic or industrial environments. [+]

PhDs in Computer Science. The doctoral program in computing and information sciences is designed to produce independent scholars, well-prepared educators, and cutting-edge researchers poised to excel in their work in computing and interdisciplinary academic or industrial environments. The degree highlights two of the most unique characteristics of the Golisano College: its breadth of program offerings and its scholarly focus on discovering solutions to real-world problems by balancing theory and practice.The program focuses on the theoretical and practical aspects of cyberinfrastructure as applied to specific problems across multiple domains. It is a blend of intra-disciplinary computing knowledge areas and inter-disciplinary domain areas. Cyberinfrastructure Cyberinfrastructure (CI) is a comprehensive infrastructure integrating hardware, data, networks, and digitally-enabled sensors to provide secure, efficient, reliable, accessible, usable, and interoperable suites of software and middleware services and tools. Our doctorate program plays a leadership role in CI research by providing human-centered tools for the science and engineering communities. These tools and services focus on such areas as high performance computing, data analysis and visualization, cyber-services and virtual environments, and learning and knowledge management. Admission requirements To be considered for admission to the doctorate program in computing and information sciences, candidates must meet the following minimum requirements: Baccalaureate degree or its recognized equivalent. Since the program encompasses a wide variety of disciplines, students with diverse backgrounds (e.g., engineering, science, humanities, fine arts, business, and disciplines with sufficient computing backgrounds) are encouraged to apply. Applicants should have the following minimum course work requirements: one full year of study... [-]