PhD in Nicosia Cyprus

Top PhD Programs in Nicosia Cyprus 2017

PhD

Earning a Ph.D. requires extended study and intense mental effort. A PhD is an academic study on which you concentrate for four to six years after obtaining your master’s degree, and that leads, if successful, to a PhD degree, the highest academic degree.

A PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) is a postgraduate degree that is awarded after the completion of challenging coursework and research. Many programs take around three to four years to complete, and graduates often find careers in research or academia.

Cyprus is situated in the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean. Cyprus is known to be the birthplace of Aphrodite (Venus), the Greek goddess of love.

Nicosia has a big student community due to the numerous universities and colleges that are located there. The student culture can be noticed as soon as you land in this city, but all in all its due to the quality education offered by the city’s higher learning institutions.

View all Doctorate Degrees in Nicosia in Cyprus 2017

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Phd Theology

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

The University of Nicosia offers Doctoral Program in Theology and Culture, from September 2015. In particular, the program covers the following subjects. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 years Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in Theology Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full-time or Part-time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME The University of Nicosia offers Doctoral Program in Theology and Culture, from September 2015. In particular, the program covers the following subjects: Biblical Studies Ecclesiastical History (General, Greece, Cyprus, Patriarchates, Slavic churches etc.) Patrology and Hagiology Dogmatic, inter-Orthodox and inter-Christian Dialogue Pedagogy, Philosophy of Education, Christian Education and Multimedia Pastoral, Missionary Christian Ethics, Sociology, Ecology and Bioethics Christian Worship, Hymnology and Art Normal and Ecclesiastical Law Religious and Interfaith Dialogue More specifically, the program states: In cultivation of critical thinking and the acquisition of skills approach to sources of science and their authentic interpretation by successful, modern methods of content analysis. Supply students with a variety of tools for conducting original work, which will help to research for the enrichment and advancement of the science of theology, of edu- cation and culture. In the study of the history and tradition of the place while deepening the study of the monuments, and highlight their importance for cultural continuity in the present and in the future. In examining the economic crisis and the current challenges in the field of Ecology and Bioethics, and the role of church ministry about them. In the study and deepening of the sources, but also to research... [-]

PhD in Psychology

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

The aim of the PhD program in Psychology are to educate and train psychology researchers who, depending on their specialization area, will be able to use scientific methods investigate and deal with factors that affect behaviors, cognitive process, and emotion. [+]

Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate) Language of Instruction: Thesis can be in English or Greek Mode of Study: Full-time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: Aims The aim of the PhD program in Psychology are to educate and train psychology researchers who, depending on their specialization area, will be able to use scientific methods investigate and deal with factors that affect behaviors, cognitive process, and emotion. Objectives a) Develop students’ in-depth understanding and critical analysis of current literature and research methodology in the field of psychology. b) Develop students’ understanding and application of suitable research methodologies and scientific methods of investigation to enable them to carry out their doctoral research project. c) Enhance students’ research skills and facilitate the development of expertise relevant to their research specialization area. d) Educate students in how to disseminate research findings, conclusions and suggestions for improving educational or mental health provision to the scientific community, for example through publishing in academic journals and/or presenting their work in academic conferences and seminars e) Give students a broad understanding of research approaches and methods which will enable them to read and comprehend a wide range of academic research papers to enhance their research competence and facilitate the development of future research activities. Career Prospects: On successful completion of the program, graduates will be able to will be able to work as researchers and academics. Graduates will be able to work... [-]

PhD in Business Administration

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

The degree encompasses an active participatory learning style as appropriate and participants are encouraged to develop knowledge and skills through group and individual projects, ranging from the presentation of their own work to active critique tasks. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration Level of Qualification: Doctorate Degree (3rd Cycle) Language of Instruction: English and Greek Mode of Study: Full-time or Part-time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: A research doctorate programme leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) The degree encompasses an active participatory learning style as appropriate and participants are encouraged to develop knowledge and skills through group and individual projects, ranging from the presentation of their own work to active critique tasks. The PhD contains only one course: Research Philosophy, Methodology and Methods. The taught module provides ongoing guidance on work in progress. This will help to support the achievement of appropriate standards where work is developed and discussed as an on-going and iterative process between candidate and lectures. Following this, students need to proceed by completing and submitting the final assignment for assessment. Further, the PhD 803 (Research Philosophy, Methodology and Methods course) has an assessed presentation (taking place in front of the faculty and class) and assignment. This guarantees that the students get all the necessary support and guidance. It is anticipated that the taught course will be assessed via an assignment of 7500 word in length and is followed by the thesis, which is approximately 80,000 words (including the part from the assignment from the taught course). The students may be asked to follow additional courses from the Masters programmes, depending on his/her needs... [-]

Doctoral Program In Clinical Psychology

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

The doctoral program in Clinical Psychology has a total area of ​​210 ECTS and a regular study period of three years. [+]

The Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology has a total area of ​​210 ECTS and a regular study period of three years. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS In principle, can be carried out the registration, if you have a completion of the second Bologna level in psychology (master's degree, master's degree). Furthermore, knowledge is required in psychopathology, psychopharmacology, statistics and research methods. CLASSROOM LANGUAGE The language of instruction is German. The dissertation must be prepared in German, even though the Constitution in the English language is possible. COURSES In the first two semesters following courses are (Scope: 60 ECTS) to prove: Clinical Psychological Assessment Clinical Psychology Group psychotherapy Cognitive methods Behavioural approaches Behavioural approaches Test construction Short-term therapy and crisis intervention DISSERTATION From the third semester you create your dissertation (100 ECTS) to a topic you have selected, which preferably comes from your professional environment. Carers are qualified, German-speaking professors. You are in your work process largely free and not localized. PRAXIS CREDITS Moreover supervidierter practice in clinical psychological context (50 ECTS) proof of 1,500 hours to deliver. STATEMENTS / award of the degree After the final examination and the defense of the dissertation you will receive the academic degree of "Doctor of Philosophy" (PhD) in the field of study Clinical Psychology. The academic title may be abbreviated as "PhD" or "Dr." be performed and is in official documents (passport, ...) registrable. Funding Notes If you have the correct qualifications and access to your own funding, Either from your home country or your own... [-]

DOCTORAL PROGRAMME IN PSYCHOLOGY (PhD)

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

The doctoral programme in psychology is a three-years programme with 180 ECTS. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. The doctoral programme in psychology is a three-years programme with 180 ECTS. ENTRY LEVEL QUALIFICATION A Bachelor or Masters degree in Psychology is needed so that one can apply to the programme. There are special conditions for other professionals to start the programme. LANGUAGE The programme will be held in English language. SEMINARS The courses in Advanced Statistics and Reasearch Methods (part I and II) are beeing held at our university in Vienna - each one blocked on approx. 5-6 weekends. Credit transfers from graduate level is possible DISSERTATION The dissertation will be written in semesters 3-6. One of our experienced professors will be your supervisor. You can choose the topic of your field of study as you like. AWARD OF THE ACADEMIC DEGREE After the final exam ("defensio") you will be awarded the academic degree "Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology" - abbreviated (PhD). The academic title can be inlcuded in official documents (passport) in the European Union. ACCREDITATION IN CANADA The above-mentioned program is recognized in Quebec, Canada, by the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Science for loans and grants commencing in the 2014-2015 school year . It is a programme of studies that meets the program requirements that are similar to postsecondary studies of the same order of instruction in Quebec. For administrative purposes, the institution code of University of Nicosia is HC235A and the program code is 90020. ACCREDITATION IN THE UNITED STATES "Since the PhD program in Psychology is from... [-]

PhD in Oil, Gas and Energy Engineering

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

The doctorate degree is intended for students who have excelled during their undergraduate and/or graduate studies, have a strong motivation and enthusiasm toward technological research and innovation, and are inclined to remain in an academic or research environment working on emerging technologies and challenging engineering projects. [+]

Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in Oil, Gas and Energy Engineering Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate Degree) Language of Instruction: The research output and the PhD Thesis must be written in English. Mode of Study: Full-time or part-time study Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The doctorate degree is intended for students who have excelled during their undergraduate and/or graduate studies, have a strong motivation and enthusiasm toward technological research and innovation, and are inclined to remain in an academic or research environment working on emerging technologies and challenging engineering projects. The School of Sciences and Engineering of the University of Nicosia is committed to provide PhD candidates with in-depth academic knowledge and hands-on experience on advanced engineering topics such as hydrocarbon geology, liquefied natural gas production, pipeline engineering, flow assurance, fracture mechanics, hydraulic fracturing, enhanced oil & gas recovery, CO2 capture and sequestration, and subsea engineering. The high-caliber academic staff of the programme in Oil, Gas and Energy Engineering is dedicated to work closely with students to tackle current engineering problems thereby generating new knowledge and results that can be published in reputable journals and conference proceedings. During their studies, students will have the opportunity to work on funded research projects, co-author papers with their advisors and other class-mates, present their contributions at international conferences, participate in the write-up of research proposals, prepare scientific reports, use simulation software, perform laboratory experiments, attend training schools, participate in workshops, etc. The three-year... [-]

PhD in Electrical Engineering

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

The doctorate degree is intended for students who have excelled during their undergraduate and/or graduate studies, have a strong motivation and enthusiasm toward technological research and innovation, and are inclined to remain in an academic or research environment working on emerging technologies and challenging engineering projects. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 years Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate Degree) Language of Instruction: The research output and the PhD Thesis must be written in English. Mode of Study: Full Time or Part Time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The doctorate degree is intended for students who have excelled during their undergraduate and/or graduate studies, have a strong motivation and enthusiasm toward technological research and innovation, and are inclined to remain in an academic or research environment working on emerging technologies and challenging engineering projects. The Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering of the University of Nicosia is dedicated to provide PhD candidates with in-depth academic knowledge and hands-on experience on advanced engineering topics such as telecommunications, signal and image processing, microwave engineering, antenna technology and wave propagation, power system analysis and design, renewable energy technologies, and computer engineering systems. The high-caliber academic staff of the department is dedicated to work closely with students to solve current engineering problems thereby producing new knowledge and results that can be published in reputable journals and conference proceedings. During their studies, students will have the opportunity to work on funded research projects, co-author papers with their advisors and other class-mates, present their contributions at international conferences, participate in the write-up of research proposals, prepare scientific reports, use simulation software, perform laboratory experiments, attend training schools, participate in workshops, etc. The three-year experience acquired during... [-]

PhD in Computer Science

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

The Ph.D. in Computer Science, in line with the general philosophy of Doctoral Degrees, provides the student with the most advanced knowledge of Computer Science and Information Technologies and Communications. [+]

Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Computer Science (PhD, 3 years) Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate) Language of Instruction: The research and the writing up of the Ph.D. Thesis can be either in English or in Greek (the language is subject to the approval of the Supervising Team). Mode of Study: Full time/ Part time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The Ph.D. in Computer Science, in line with the general philosophy of Doctoral Degrees, provides the student with: the most advanced knowledge of Computer Science and Information Technologies and Communications the most advanced and specialised skills and techniques, required to solve critical problems in research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practice in the broad area of Computer Science competencies related to substantial authority, innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity Graduation Requirements The Ph.D. programme requires the completion of 180 ECTS out of which, 60 ECTS are allocated to the preparation of the research proposal, 90 ECTS are allocated to the research and writing up of the writing up of the Thesis and 30 ECTS for the defence of the Thesis. The minimum number of years for completing the Ph.D. is three (3) and the maximum number of years is eight (8). Learning Outcomes Ph.D. holders in Computer Science will: have deep understanding of the field and exhibit advanced skills and methods of research associated with the field be able to conceive, design, implement and adapt a substantial process... [-]

Phd In Education Sciences

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

Music Education aims to systematize knowledge, skills and research methods, to develop the ability to invent, design and implementation of pedagogical research, to contribute, through original research, critical thinking and synthesis of ideas in solving educational problems and handling expertise themes so graduate Students who successfully complete the PhD Programme can act as catalysts of change in their workplace. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: PhD in Education Sciences Level of Qualification: Doctorate (3rd Cycle) Language of Instruction: ENGLISH Mode of Study: Full (three years) and part-time (up to 8 years). Minimum Credits: 80 Minimum ECTS Credits: 240 Profile of the Programme: Purpose: The Doctoral Program in Education Science and directions (a) Educational Leadership and Administration, (b) Theory, Practice and Evaluation of Instruction (c) Special Education, (d) Teaching of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, (e) Teaching Language and Literature, (f) Educational Technology, (g) Arts and Education and (h) Music Education aims to systematize knowledge, skills and research methods, to develop the ability to invent, design and implementation of pedagogical research, to contribute, through original research , critical thinking and synthesis of ideas in solving educational problems and expertise in handling issues that postgraduate students who successfully complete the PhD Programme can act as catalysts of change in their workplace. Goals The aim of the PhD program is analyzed in the following specific objectives: - Deep understanding of trends in the subject chosen by the PhD student and research of approaches. - Planning and integration of large-scale survey, results of which implies new knowledge and contribute to the development of Science Education. - Promotion of change and development in the workplace. - Assume leadership in the specialty and in the workplace. Career Prospects: Doctoral students who successfully complete the program will have the opportunity: Understand State faculty in higher education. To play a leading role in the... [-]

PhD TESOL

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

Aims and Objectives: to enhance students’ ability to create, conceptualise, design and implement a substantial research project that generates new knowledge and contributes to theory and practice within the field of TESOL. [+]

Duration (years): 3 years Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in TESOL ? Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate Degree) Language of Instruction: English Mode of Study: Full time and Part time study Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: Aims and Objectives: 1. to enhance students’ ability to create, conceptualise, design and implement a substantial research project that generates new knowledge and contributes to theory and practice within the field of TESOL; 2. to further students’ understanding and knowledge of English language teaching. 3. to enhance students’ theoretical knowledge base in TESOL, second language acquisition, and applied linguistics research. Career Prospects: The programme provides excellent career opportunities for those who wish to become professionals in education and English language teaching, working for educational establishments such as the Ministry of Education, public and private universities or public and private schools as academics or administrators. Graduation Requirements The student must complete the thesis and all other programme requirements. Learning Outcomes By the end of the programme, students will be able to: 1. Acquire a strong theoretical knowledge base in TESOL, second language acquisition, applied linguistics research and TESOL methodology which merit publication. 2. Conceptualise, design and implement a substantial research project that generates new knowledge that contributes to theory and practice; 3. Evidence competence in the use methodologies in TESOL inquiry and exhibit skills in the use of data analysis. [-]

PhD in Social Work

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

Develop students’ in-depth understanding and critical analysis of current literature and research methodology in the field of Social Work. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 έτη Qualification Awarded: Doctor of Philosophy in Social Work Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate Degree) Language of Instruction: English and Greek Mode of Study: Full-time or Part-time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: Aims and Objectives of the PhD in SW are as follow: a) Develop students’ in-depth understanding and critical analysis of current literature and research methodology in the field of Social Work. b) Develop students’ understanding and application of suitable research methodologies and scientific methods of inquiry to enable them to carry out their doctoral research project. c) Enhance students’ research skills and facilitate the development of expertise relevant to their research specialization area. d) Educate students on how to disseminate research findings, for example through publishing in academic journals and/or presenting their work in academic conferences and seminars. e) Give students a broad understanding of research approaches and methods, which will enable them to read and comprehend a wide range of academic research papers to enhance their research competence and to facilitate the development of future research activities. Career Prospects: It is expected that the PhD in Social Work will attract not only graduates from Social Work Programmes around the globe but also professionals who have an interest in investigating social phenomena, behaviours and even planning innovative programmes from a social work perspective. Thus, the PhD in Social Work will accept applications from related disciplines such as psychology, nursing, sociology, criminology, social administration.... [-]

Phd In Public Administration

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

The University of Nicosia offers Doctoral Programme in Public Administration leading to Doctorate (Ph.D.) in Public Administration. [+]

Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: PhD in Public Administration Level of Qualification: Doctorate (3rd Cycle) Language of Instruction: The PhD student has the option of writing the thesis and examination either in Greek or in English Mode of Study: Full / Part Time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The University of Nicosia offers Doctoral Programme in Public Administration leading to Doctorate (Ph.D.) in Public Administration. The program is designed to provide scientific knowledge at the highest academic level and prepare students for careers in the field of higher learning, scientific research and public administration (Public Service, Semi-Government Organisations, Local Government (Municipalities and Communities), Public Organizations and Agencies, Non-Governmental Organizations). The aim of the doctoral program in Public Administration is to produce scientists who will conduct cutting-edge research, propose innovative and practicable solutions and conquer leading positions in the field of public administration. The program directs students to use the most modern methods of multidisciplinary research into the production and application of knowledge in theoretical and practical level. The research of the doctoral candidates directed to areas of direct interest to the public service, such as the strategic analysis and planning, public programs, e-government, administrative planning and organization of public services, the exercise of public policy and human resources management . The program is structured in such a way that enables students to specialize in areas of particular interest, having a background knowledge and / or experience in Public Administration Career Prospects: The doctoral students... [-]

PhD in Media and Communications

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

With strengths across the fields of Media and Communication, the Department of Communications offers aspirant researchers and accomplished professionals a strong platform to develop both their academic interests and their career. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Media and Communication (PhD, 3 years) Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle ( Doctorate) Language of Instruction: The programme is offered in both English and Greek. Mode of Study: Full time / Part time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: With strengths across the fields of Media and Communication, the Department of Communications offers aspirant researchers and accomplished professionals a strong platform to develop both their academic interests and their career. The Department aims to provide an inspiring and vibrant environment for postgraduate research, to support the development of research and presentation skills, and to respond to the academic needs of our students. We create opportunities for interdisciplinary interaction and we pride ourselves on helping our students to extend their professional networks by organizing conferences, seminars and events that aim to establish close links with the media industry and the local and international academic community. The members of the Department of Communications are actively engaged in challenging projects and publications, and in a broad range of extracurricular activities such as: creative media projects, organization of media related festivals and other cultural events; professional training and consultancies in a variety of fields such as Media Literacy and Education, Digital Media and Learning, Film Policy, Community Media, Transmedia and Digital Storytelling and Social Media Management. Prospective PhD students are welcome to approach the Department at any time in the academic year. You are strongly advised to contact the... [-]

Phd In Law

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia

The University of Nicosia offers Doctoral Programme at the Law leading to a PhD. The program is designed to offer top-level scientific knowledge and to prepare students for careers in the field of higher learning, scientific research and in scientific field of law, but in parallel to provide increased supplies in the subject of law. [+]

Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Doctorate in Law Level of Qualification: Doctorate (3rd Cycle) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full / Part Time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The University of Nicosia offers Doctoral Programme at the Law leading to a PhD. The program is designed to offer top-level scientific knowledge and to prepare students for careers in the field of higher learning, scientific research and in scientific field of law, but in parallel to provide increased supplies in the subject of law. The aim of the doctoral program is the physique of scientists who will conduct cutting-edge research, propose innovative and practicable solutions, winning leading positions in the field of legal science. The program directs students to use the most modern methods of multidisciplinary research into the production and application of knowledge in theoretical and practical level. It is designed to provide students the opportunity to pursue doctoral studies in areas that will enrich their knowledge of the legal science. The program is designed in such a way as to give the strong-section students thesis in areas of particular interest, having a background knowledge and / or experience in legal science. Career Prospects: Graduates of the doctoral program in law will be prepared to: take academic positions at universities or research institutions, assume leadership positions in the exercise of legal science, conducting research in these areas and become experts in the subject of law. [-]

PhD in International Relations and European Studies

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia + 1 more

The Doctoral Program in International Relations (hereafter IR) aims at the creation and interpretation of knowledge which extends the forefront of the disciple of IR (in the wider reading of the discipline), through original research and critical thinking. [+]

Doctorates 2017 in Nicosia Cyprus. Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Doctoral Programme in European Studies and International Relations (PhD,3 years) Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate) Language of Instruction: English and Greek Mode of Study: Full time / Part time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: General: The Doctoral Program in International Relations (hereafter IR) aims at the creation and interpretation of knowledge which extends the forefront of the disciple of IR (in the wider reading of the discipline), through original research and critical thinking. Holders of a Ph.D. in IR will be able to conceptualize, design and implement projects for the generation of significant new knowledge and/or understanding in the field of International Relations. Furthermore, holders of a Ph.D. in IR will have the qualities needed for employment that requires the ability to make informed judgments on complex issues in specialist topics of IR, and innovation in tackling and solving conceptual and practical problems in world politics. The Doctoral Program in IR is designed in accord with the Framework for Qualifications for Higher Education Area (Barcelona Process) and the European Qualifications Framework (level 8 of EQF), as well as in accord with established standards and practices in European and American Universities that award the title of Doctor of Philosophy in International Relations (hereafter a Ph.D. in IR).1 1 According to international standards and practices, on successful completion, doctorate students in International Relations, who study in Universities where the English language is the language of... [-]