Doctorate Degrees in Engineering and Technology

Compare 221 PhD Programs in Engineering and Technology

Engineering and Technology

A PhD in engineering and technology is an advanced level degree achieved by a relatively small group of people. Because of its advanced nature, those people who have this degree tend to be considered experts in their field of study, often making them very valuable in the workplace.

What Is a PhD in Engineering and Technology?

A PhD degree in engineering and technology often focuses on research based education in this field. It may involved the development of new technology or the advancing of degree programs. It can also be a program that focuses on the student's own desired focus, such as on learning a very specific area of engineering or technology.

What Are the Benefits of Taking a PhD in Engineering and Technology?

Taking this type of course positions the student to advance in his or her field. Management roles are one option, but many students end up working in research and development within these fields or they may open their own businesses. In some cases, this leads to better pay as well.

How Much Does It Cost to Take a PhD in Engineering and Technology?

The cost of these programs can be moderate to high, depending on the school, the length of the courses, as well as the overall goals of the student.

What Are the Requirements for a PhD in Engineering and Technology?

Students will generally need to have a Masters degree in Engineering or Technology to enroll in these programs. Most require application, as well, which may include specific work-experience or hands-on learning in a specialized field.

What Kind of Career Improvement Can You Expect with a PhD in Engineering and Technology?

As an advanced individual, it is possible the student will earn more based on his higher level of education. Additionally, many move into owning their own business or managing others.

Why Take an Online PhD in Engineering and Technology?

Online courses in engineering and technology are useful to those who are busy and still want to advance their studies, especially at their own rate.

Where to Take a PhD in Engineering and Technology?

Many schools, including colleges and universities around the world, offer PhD education in the engineering and technology field. This includes specialized schools focusing on these areas.

 

 

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PhD in Imaging Science

Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 USA Rochester

The doctor of philosophy degree in imaging science signifies high achievement in scholarship and independent investigation in the diverse aspects of imaging science. [+]

The doctor of philosophy degree in imaging science signifies high achievement in scholarship and independent investigation in the diverse aspects of imaging science. Candidates for the doctoral degree must demonstrate proficiency by:

Successfully completing course work, including a core curriculum, as defined by the student’s plan of study; Passing a series of examinations; and Completing an acceptable dissertation under supervision of the student’s research adviser and dissertation committee.

Admission requirements

To be considered for admission to the Ph.D. program in imaging science, candidates must: Hold a bachelor of science degree in engineering, computer science, applied mathematics, or one of the natural sciences. (Because imaging science encompasses a wide variety of scientific disciplines, students with diverse backgrounds are accepted into the program. Exceptional students from other fields may be accepted.) Have completed courses in calculus, university physics (one year), modern physics, and a computer language. Submit scores from the Graduate Record Exam (GRE). Submit official transcripts from all previous course work. Submit two letters of recommendation from individuals well-qualified to judge their abilities for graduate study. Submit an application for graduate study. ... [-]

Doctoral Programme in Technical Sciences

University of Vaasa
Campus Full time August 2017 Finland Vaasa

The Doctoral Programme in Technical Sciences covers all fields of research under the Faculty of Technology at the University of Vaasa. The doctoral programme produces Doctors of Science in Technology (D.Sc. (Tech), Doctors of Science in Business Administration (D.Sc. (Econ) and Doctors of Philosophy (PhD). The goal of the doctoral programme is to train high calibre experts capable of independent research work to serve industries, the economic life, the world of academia and other organisations. [+]

The Doctoral Programme in Technical Sciences covers all fields of research under the Faculty of Technology at the University of Vaasa. The doctoral programme produces Doctors of Science in Technology (D.Sc. (Tech), Doctors of Science in Business Administration (D.Sc. (Econ) and Doctors of Philosophy (PhD). The goal of the doctoral programme is to train high calibre experts capable of independent research work to serve industries, the economic life, the world of academia and other organisations. The doctoral programme conducts basic research and work-oriented applied research. Applying known methods and tools while developing new solutions for problems related to the field of technology and the economy are key elements of the programmes. The programme is multidisciplinary, covering every part of technology development from new technical innovations and solutions to product development. The programme also offers technological scientific knowledge, methodical and computational foundations for solving problems in the field of technological science and the mathematical and statistical models of economic phenomena. Studies in the doctoral programme consist of general studies, research area studies and studies supporting the research area. The most important part of the programme is the doctoral thesis, which is supported by further scientific studies, graduate school courses and seminars. The Doctoral Programme in Technical Sciences offers doctoral studies in the research fields of automation, energy, electricity, data and telecommunications engineering as well as industrial engineering, economic mathematics, statistics and mathematics. Research is primarily conducted in research groups. Projects are run by research groups in collaboration with industrial companies and... [-]

PhD in Information and Communication Engineering

Nanjing University Of Posts And Telecommunications
Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 China Nanjing

PhD in Information and Communication Engineering [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. The Requirements of Educational Background 1. For those who pursue a bachelor's degree, the applicant must have a high school diploma, excellent performance during high school period, and good health. In principle, not older than 25 years of age. 2. For those who pursue a master's degree, the applicant must have a related bachelor degree, excellent performance during undergraduate study, and good health. In principle, not older than 35 years of age. 3. For those who pursue a doctor's degree, the applicant must have a related master degree, excellent performance during graduate study, and good health. In principle, not older than 40 years of age. The Language Requirements Undergraduate and graduate admission should meet requirements of IELTS or TOEFL. If the applicant has no corresponding certificate, he/she can participate in language training, and could start the professional learning phase after passing the training. The Application Materials 1. NUPT application form; 2. highest graduation certificate; 3. college transcript; 4. one recommendation letter; 5. resume; 6. study plan; 7. passport; 8. passport-sized photo. Admission Procedures 1. NUPT will issue the applicant a scanned pre-admission letter if he/she is qualified,and he/she needs pay the accomadation fee(4000rmb),application fee(400) and insurance fee(600),altogher 5000rmb in advance in due 10 days,then NUPT will issue the "admission notice" and JW202 to the applicant.About the scholarship, for the new students,all of them can get first level scholarship (TUITION FREE) for the first year,for more information on scholarship,check "NUPT International Student Scholarship Management Regulations". 2.... [-]

PDEng in User System Interaction (USI)

Eindhoven University of Technology
Campus Full time 2 years October 2017 Netherlands Eindhoven

The USI course educates you in becoming a designer with the skills to develop these interactions. You will be trained in proven scientific methods and techniques necessary to design and evaluate user interfaces of products, services and systems. You will learn the entire design cycle by working on various applications. [+]

PDEng in User System Interaction (USI) TU/e offers two-year (post-Master's) designer's programs. Like a doctoral candidate, you will have the status of TU/e employee if you are selected for one of these programs. The programs start with a year of advanced education, followed by a major design project of eight to twelve months in a company. The designer's programs lead to a Professional Doctorate in Engineering (PDEng degree). These programs are given under the banner of 4TU.School for Technological Design, Stan Ackermans Institute, a joint initiative of the four universities of technology in the Netherlands. Are you one of the 18 new trainees we are recruiting for the generation 2016-2018? Apply before August 5th 2016! User System Interaction (USI) Consumer electronics, modern interactive websites or innovative shopping aids for elderly people require user-friendly interaction between humans and systems, especially when dealing with complex technological systems with a large information flow, like computer- and interactive learning systems. The USI course educates you in becoming a designer with the skills to develop these interactions. You will be trained in proven scientific methods and techniques necessary to design and evaluate user interfaces of products, services and systems. You will learn the entire design cycle by working on various applications. CCTO Certification This program is recognized as a PDEng program by the CCTO, the Dutch certification institute for technological designer programs. Admission and application Application is open to university graduates from the Netherlands and other countries. You will at least need a Master of... [-]

PhD in Computer Science

University of Nicosia
Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The Ph.D. in Computer Science, in line with the general philosophy of Doctoral Degrees, provides the student with the most advanced knowledge of Computer Science and Information Technologies and Communications. [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. Duration (years): 3 Qualification Awarded: Computer Science (PhD, 3 years) Level of Qualification: 3rd Cycle (Doctorate) Language of Instruction: The research and the writing up of the Ph.D. Thesis can be either in English or in Greek (the language is subject to the approval of the Supervising Team). Mode of Study: Full time/ Part time Minimum Credits: 90 Minimum ECTS Credits: 180 Profile of the Programme: The Ph.D. in Computer Science, in line with the general philosophy of Doctoral Degrees, provides the student with: the most advanced knowledge of Computer Science and Information Technologies and Communications the most advanced and specialised skills and techniques, required to solve critical problems in research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practice in the broad area of Computer Science competencies related to substantial authority, innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity Graduation Requirements The Ph.D. programme requires the completion of 180 ECTS out of which, 60 ECTS are allocated to the preparation of the research proposal, 90 ECTS are allocated to the research and writing up of the writing up of the Thesis and 30 ECTS for the defence of the Thesis. The minimum number of years for completing the Ph.D. is three (3) and the maximum number of years is eight (8). Learning Outcomes Ph.D. holders in Computer Science will: have deep understanding of the field and exhibit advanced skills and methods of research associated with the field be able to conceive, design, implement... [-]

Doctoral Programme in Leaders for Technical Industries

University of Minho - School of Engineering
Campus or Online Full time October 2017 Portugal Guimarães

The LTI PhD research program is dedicated to generate new scientific knowledge and new engineering solutions to create and capture value in highly competitive industrial sectors. The scope and associated proposals of the program were defined and prepared in fruitful collaboration between faculty and industry leaders. [+]

Doctoral Programme in Leaders for Technical Industries The Leaders for Technical Industries (LTI) doctoral program within the Engineering Design and Advanced Manufacturing (EDAM) focus area of the International Partnership MIT Portugal is offered by the University of Minho (School of Engineering, EEUM), University of Lisbon (Técnico Lisboa, IST), and the University of Porto (Faculty of Engineering, FEUP). This program is anchored on multidisciplinary research problems, lying within an Engineering Systems framework. The LTI PhD program considers that product and process innovation and current complex decision-making must also take into account economics, management and social aspects. This perspective is evident in the program’s structure, which groups the courses into clusters such as Design and Technology (three courses), Engineering Systems (four courses), Engineering Management (four courses), and Leadership. As an academic program designed to be in close connection with technically advanced industries, the students must complete an internship for the development of integrated research in an industrial environment. The LTI PhD research program is dedicated to generate new scientific knowledge and new engineering solutions to create and capture value in highly competitive industrial sectors. The scope and associated proposals of the program were defined and prepared in fruitful collaboration between faculty and industry leaders. LTI target students Recent graduates in engineering aiming at developing a career in technical or production management, with 2-3 years of practical experience. Typical background formation (5 years) will be mechanical engineers, materials/polymer engineers, electronic engineers, industrial engineers and chemical engineers. Industrial experience of candidates will be a... [-]

Ph.D. Programme in BioRobotics

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Campus Full time 3 years October 2017 Italy Pisa

The Ph.D. programme in BioRobotics aims at educating highly competent researchers with the potential to be leaders in this area. The students will be educated in a stimulating and multidisciplinary environment, both through high level courses and through a demanding, creative and original research work. [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. The Ph.D. programme in BioRobotics aims at educating highly competent researchers with the potential to be leaders in this area. The students will be educated in a stimulating and multidisciplinary environment, both through high level courses and through a demanding, creative and original research work. Doctoral research projects will be carried on in very well equipped, state-of-the-art laboratories (in such fields as bio-robotics, micro- and nano-technology, biomimetics, prosthetics) and through personal and team work performed under the supervision of a committed full-time faculty. The students will investigate how biological systems work from an engineering viewpoint, and will make use of such knowledge to pursue challenging research projects aimed at modeling, designing and building novel components and systems for biomedical applications, such as surgery and rehabilitation. The accomplishments of the students will be assessed by the number of papers published in peer reviewed international journals and by the number of patents filed. At the end of the Ph.D. programme, students will possess solid scientific and engineering skills, the ability to conceive and carry out original research projects, and an autonomous entrepreneurship spirit. Students are admitted to Ph.D. in BioRobotics further to a successful entrance examination. Eligible applicants must hold a Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree or equivalent title. Undergraduate students may also apply if they graduate before the beginning of the Course. The Ph.D. Programme in BioRobotics is a three-year program of advanced studies and supervised research; after the end of the Programme, the Diploma di... [-]

PhD Information and Knowledge Management

University of Hradec Králové, Faculty of Informatics and Management
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Hradec Králové

The graduate of the doctoral study in Information and knowledge management is a theoretically well-prepared professional capable of conceptual thinking. He is able to analyse information and knowledge needs of organisations, design and manage the development of systems effectively supporting the company knowldege. [+]

PhD Information and Knowledge Management The main research topics are information systems design methodologies, advanced techniques in information and knowledge processing, ambi The graduate of the doctoral study in Information and knowledge management is a theoretically well-prepared professional capable of conceptual thinking. He is able to analyse information and knowledge needs of organisations, design and manage the development of systems effectively supporting the company knowldege. Entrance Requirements for the Candidate The candidate has to be a Master’s degree graduate specialised in economics or informatics or another closely related field of study. In the field of economics the candidate is required to attain a university-level of understanding in macro- and micro-economics, enterprise economy and individual essential economic disciplines as well as the application of technical, programming and communication skills in management; ways of acquiring information from information sources. Also we demand active command of English and passive knowledge of one other foreign language. Organization The studies follow common Study and Examination Rules of the doctoral study programme. Specific organisational problems, which may occur, are discussed here in greater detail. The study programme is outlined in such a way that students of each of the two mentioned fields of study attend the compulsory common basics consisting of four subjects: selected questions on the theory of economics general systems theory statistical and mathematical methods in management information and knowledge systems The student takes on at least two other subjects in addition to this common basic which are close to the chosen field of... [-]

PhD in Bioengineering

Northern Arizona University
Campus Full time August 2017 USA Flagstaff

Our PhD in Bioengineering focuses on the areas of biomaterials and biomechanics. This interdisciplinary program provides a broad-based research perspective that draws upon the expertise of our faculty from unique disciplines. [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. Our PhD in Bioengineering focuses on the areas of biomaterials and biomechanics. This interdisciplinary program provides a broad-based research perspective that draws upon the expertise of our faculty from unique disciplines. Emphasis Areas Include: Biophysics Energy efficient remote sensing Engineering of artificial plants Environmental endocrinology Informatics and Computing Muscle-like actuation and Wearable Robotics Novel biomaterials Wound healing What Will You Gain From Our Program The goal of this program is to educate future industry and research leaders in bioengineering through an integrative and interdisciplinary approach. Students will receive advanced training in research through focused coursework and will develop expertise in collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting data at a level appropriate for positions in industrial research and development or academia. After completing the degree, students are prepared to undertake careers in industry, government organizations, nonprofits, and universities. Learning Outcomes Students will build skills and knowledge through formal course work and an original dissertation project. The goal is to foster students’ abilities to identify and synthesize fundamental principles of bioengineering and apply them to complex problems. NAU graduates with a Ph.D. in Bioengineering will have achieved the following learning outcomes: Critical Thinking: Demonstrate the ability to apply graduate level critical thinking skills to formulate and solve advanced bioengineering problems in the emphasis area (Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Biophysics, Informatics & Computing). Interdisciplinary: Demonstrate the ability to integrate information, data, techniques, tools, perspectives, concepts, and/or theories from two or more disciplines to advance fundamental understanding or to solve problems whose... [-]

PhD Program in Process, Energy and Automation Engineering

University College of Southeast Norway
Campus Full time 6 semesters August 2017 Norway Porsgrunn

This PhD is related to the areas of process technology, environmental technology and engineering cybernetics, with relevant applications within the field of technical-industrial process- and energy systems. [+]

PhD Program in Process-, Energy- and Automation Engineering This PhD is related to the areas of process technology, environmental technology and engineering cybernetics, with relevant applications within the field of technical-industrial process- and energy systems. About the degree Important process and energy engineering fields of study are thermodynamics, process equipment, transport processes, flow, powder technology, catalysis, purification of gas and liquid flows, combustion, energy from renewable resources, process integration, gas safety and general technical safety as well as energy and material recovery. Within engineering cybernetics, the central areas of study are mechanistic modeling and system identification, simulation, sensors and measurement technology, control engineering and process monitoring. At TUC, this degree is anchored in the three Master's programs in Technology: Process Technology, Industrial IT and Automation and Energy and Environmental Technology. Careers The doctoral program qualifies students for research activity at a high academic level and for other work that requires a high level of scientific insight. [-]

Doctorate in Strategic Information Systems Analysis

ABMS The Open University Of Switzerland
Online & Campus Combined Full time Part time 2 - 6 years Open Enrollment Switzerland Zurich + 1 more

Information technology (IT) is a strategic asset that is being used to mould competitive strategies and change organisational processes. [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. Information technology (IT) is a strategic asset that is being used to mould competitive strategies and change organisational processes. As IT and its uses become more complex, developing strategies and systems to deliver the technology has become more difficult. The net result is a growing need for guidance on the issues, strategies, and tactics for managing the use of information technology. This unit is designed to cover various issues, strategies and tactics and to enable students to integrate concepts and theories learned during previous study or in their careers to date. This unit provides an overview of the responses required by organisations to manage the transition to an e-commerce/e-business environment supported by new technology. It will help to develop a critical understanding of the problems and opportunities faced by organisations in effectively planning, developing and managing information systems (IS). It incorporates strategic management concepts to ensure that IS development supports the business strategy, and progresses through suitable planning methodologies to implementation and evaluation (audit). In our doctorate programs, you will: Develop and practice innovative research methods. Earn the highest quality of education. Achieve the expertise to publish in peer-reviewed journals. Become a successful doctoral researcher and educator. Study Language: this study program taught entirely in English. We have 4 intakes per year: January, April, July and October The Doctorate will take your leadership to the next level. In our doctoral programs, you will: Study and apply innovative research methods. Combine applied research and professional practice.... [-]

Doctoral Programme in Chemical Technology

Aalto University
Campus Full time 4 years August 2017 Finland Espoo

The main goal of the Doctoral Programme in Chemical Technology is to train Doctors and Licentiates of Science (Technology), skilled in independent research work, for positions in academic and business sectors as well as in public administration. [+]

About the Program The main goal of the Doctoral Programme in Chemical Technology is to train Doctors and Licentiates of Science (Technology), skilled in independent research work, for positions in academic and business sectors as well as in public administration. The Doctoral Programme in Chemical Technology comprises 7 research fields . The Departments of Biotechnology and Chemical Technology, Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, and Forest Products Technology are jointly responsible for the programme. The doctoral programme has its own Into.aalto.fi pages providing information on doctoral studies to both applicants and doctoral candidates. There are two requirements for the completion of a doctoral degree: an approved doctoral dissertation and theoretical studies required for the degree. The extent of theoretical studies is 40 ECTS credits, comprising two modules. The main focus of doctoral studies is, however, on research work and the evaluation of research results as well as on publications in peer-reviewed publication series. In a nutshell, the goal of doctoral education is to conduct research that produces new knowledge and, in the process, to become a qualified researcher. This learning process culminates in a doctoral dissertation and its public defence under the supervision of reviewers with expertise in the field of the research. [-]

Doctor of Philosophy in Science

Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST)
Campus Full time 5 years November 2017 Macau

Our curricula are based on a solid foundation with a balanced coverage of theory and practice, and undergo frequent update to keep the content current. we have also been gradually increasing the use of English as the medium of instruction. Our mission is to train students to become IT professionals who are hardworking, responsible, and good team players, with the skills and capabilities to contribute to the development of our local and regional societies, and to be able to survive in the increasingly competitive global market. At FIT, students will not only gain knowledge but more importantly understand the principles and importance of life-long learning. [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. Doctor of Philosophy in Science Computer Technology and Application This major provides training for students to become high-level researchers in the area of computer technology and application. We provide high-quality courses in selected topics in computer technology, training students to master the research methods in computer technology. This major will solidate their foundation for conducting research in field of computer technology. Graduates should propose innovative ideas or publish innovative research results on a specialized topic. Electronic Information Technology This major provides training for students to become high-level researchers in the area of electronic information technology. We provide high-quality courses in selected topics in electronic information technology, training students to master the research methods in electronic information technology. This major will solidate their foundation for conducting research in the field of electronic information technology.Graduates should propose innovative ideas or publish innovative research results on a specialized topic. Space Information Technology Space information technology is a multidisciplinary major of information technology and space science. This major provides training for students to become high-level researchers in the area of space information technology. We provide high-quality courses in selected topics in information technology and space science, training students to master the research methods for analyzing of space science data. This major will solidate their foundation for conducting research in the field of space information technology.Graduates should propose innovative ideas or publish innovative research results on a specialized topic. For Curriculum details, please refer to: http://www.must.edu.mo/en/fi-en/programme/doctoral-degree-programme/study-plan [-]

PhD in Advanced Materials and Nanosciences

Brno University of Technology
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Brno

This programme is based on the cooperation of two universities and one research institute - Brno University of Technology, Masaryk University and the Institute of Physics of Materials of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. [+]

Advanced Materials and Nanosciences CEITEC BUT offers you a unique inter-institutional graduate programme, which in general is based on the CEITEC project research programmes. Currently one doctoral programme is available – Advanced Materials and Nanosciences. This programme is based on the cooperation of two universities and one research institute - Brno University of Technology, Masaryk University and the Institute of Physics of Materials of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. The Advanced Materials and Nanosciences programme is composed of two fields of study: Advanced Nanotechnologies and Microtechnologies Advanced Materials Advanced Nanotechnologies and Microtechnologies About The research is focused on the area of nanotechnologies covering materials and structures to be exploited in nanoelectronic and nanophotonic applications. The research involves the preparation, characterization and analysis of the properties of nanostructures enabling active application of the principles determining the unique and specific properties of nanostructures. Attention will be paid to research into 2D – OD nanostructures produced by lithographic (top-down) methods and self-organizing (bottom-up) methods. The research will consider semiconductor nanostructures, magnetic and metallic nanostructures, nanotubes and nanofibres, supra-molecules and nano-electronic material on the edge of Moore's law, etc. Dissertation thesis topics The dissertations thesis topics proposed within the Advanced Nanotechnologies and Microtechnologies research programme correspond to the research interests and objectives of research of these research groups: Fabrication and Characterization of Nanostructures, Smart Nanodevices, Optoelectronic Characterization of Nanostructures, X-ray micro CT and nano CT, Micro and Nanotribology, Development of Methods for Analysis and Measuring, Experimental Biophotonics, Transport and Magnetic Properties,... [-]

PhD in Informatics - New Media and Pervasive Systems

ISG Business & Economics School
Campus Full time 3 - 4 years October 2017 Portugal Lisbon

NEMPS is a doctoral programme offered by Universidade Lusófona. The programme's NEMPS has a total minimum duration of 3 consecutive years, full time, and a maximum duration of four years. It comprises eleven (11) curricular units, five (5) of which are mandatory. The programme comprises two main parts... [+]

PhDs in Engineering and Technology. NEMPS is a doctoral programme offered by Universidade Lusófona. The programme's NEMPS has a total minimum duration of 3 consecutive years, full time, and a maximum duration of four years. It comprises eleven (11) curricular units, five (5) of which are mandatory. The programme comprises two main parts: - Curricular Component. A total of 60 ECTS are split across two semesters (each holding 30 ECTS). The first semester includes two (2) mandatory curricular units (Research and Innovation Methodologies; Digital Media) and four (4) optional curricular units - two to be selected by the candidate. The second semester includes two (2) mandatory curricular units (Thesis Planning; Pervasive Communication Systems) and two (2) optative curricular, of which candidates must select one. - Research Component. Comprising a minimum of 2 years and a maximum of 3, this is the part dedicated to the thesis work, which will end with the presentation of the doctoral thesis. Objectives To complement the education of MSc and undergrad students in science and engineering courses, providing advanced training in emergent areas of pervasive communication systems and digital media. To assist in the development of competences in terms of research methodology and experimentation, allowing the autonomous development of research and the development of activities covering several aspects of the R&D process, namely, selection and application of writing techniques for the dissemination of R&D results. To provide candidates with a solid grasp of the most recent evolution concerning informatics sciences, in particular concerning pervasive systems... [-]