Part time Doctoral Program in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic

Compare Part time PhD Programs in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague Czech Republic 2017

Humanities and Social Sciences

A PhD, also known as a Doctor of Philosophy degree, is a doctorate awarded by a university to the academic who has met all necessary qualifications and can now be considered a doctor in his or her academic field.

A PhD in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences focuses on human thoughts and culture. It is an advanced level of education, often focusing on student teacher relationships, advanced research methods, and higher tier courses.

Czech Republic is in the heart of Europe is a neighbor of Slovakia, Austria, Germany, and Poland. Czech universities offer long-standing reputation and interesting specializations.

This is the largest city in Czech Republic, and it's one of the most important research and education centres. The many education institutions located here ensures students both local and international have a wide choice of programmes to engage in during their stay. Education is impacting this city very positively in terms of social-economic growth.

Request Information Part time Doctorate Degrees in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic 2017

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PhD in Hussite Theology

Charles University Hussite Theological Faculty
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

A doctoral graduate is equipped with a thorough knowledge of the field of current Hussite theology and of the history of his/her field. He/she is a specialist in reformed theological thought in an interdisciplinary context. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. One-round (two parts, neither of which is “knock-out”) Conducted in English language. 1. Oral interview concerning the dissertation proposal. Subject material will be the dissertation proposal. The content-related and formal aspects of the proposal will be assessed, as well as the candidate’s ability to present and defend his/her intended research in a critical discussion. The maximum possible score is 60 points. 2. Oral interview concerning the candidate’s specialisation. The scope and profile of the candidate’s specialised interest, the level of knowledge of the subject of Hussite theology in the scope of a final university examination. The maximum possible score for this part of the entrance examination is 40 points. The maximum possible score for both parts of the entrance examination is 100 points. Entrance examination waiver: impossible. Conditions for admission Only candidates who have duly completed their studies on a master’s study programme or follow-on master’s programme, presented a certificate proving knowledge of the Greek or Latin or Hebrew language at the level of a final university examination or a classification credit for Hussite Theology, scored at least 75 points and also have been placed in a ranking corresponding with the pre-defined maximum number of places will be admitted. Information on the exercise of graduates A doctoral graduate is equipped with a thorough knowledge of the field of current Hussite theology and of the history of his/her field. He/she is a specialist in reformed theological thought... [-]

PhD in Jewish Studies

Charles University Hussite Theological Faculty
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

A doctoral graduate is equipped with a thorough knowledge of the field of Jewish Studies and of the history of his/her field and is familiar with current trends in the field. He/she is capable of making new findings, analyse them, reflect on them critically and interpret them in their specific and interdisciplinary contexts. [+]

One-round (two parts, neither of which is “knock-out”) Conducted in English language. 1. Oral interview concerning the dissertation proposal. Subject material will be the dissertation proposal. The content-related and formal aspects of the proposal will be assessed, as well as the candidate’s ability to present and defend his/her intended research in a critical discussion. The maximum possible score is 60 points. 2. Oral interview concerning the candidate’s specialisation. The scope and profile of the candidate’s specialised interest, the level of knowledge of the subject of Hussite theology in the scope of a final university examination. The maximum possible score for this part of the entrance examination is 40 points. The maximum possible score for both parts of the entrance examination is 100 points. Entrance examination waiver: impossible. Conditions for admission Only candidates who have duly completed their studies on a master’s study programme or follow-on master’s programme, presented a certificate proving knowledge of the Greek or Latin or Hebrew language at the level of a final university examination or a classification credit for Hussite Theology, scored at least 75 points and also have been placed in a ranking corresponding with the pre-defined maximum number of places will be admitted. Information on the exercise of graduates A doctoral graduate is equipped with a thorough knowledge of the field of Jewish Studies and of the history of his/her field and is familiar with current trends in the field. He/she is capable of making new findings, analyse them, reflect on them critically and... [-]

PhD in Anthropology

Charles University Third Faculty of Medicine
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The aim of the study is to prepare students for scientific research work at the level corresponding to the current requirements of science. In the new study concept integrates physical anthropology, including genetics, ecology and ethology, the sociocultural anthropology in a holistic approach to the study of humans and populations. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. The aim of the study is to prepare students for scientific research work at the level corresponding to the current requirements of science. In the new study concept integrates physical anthropology, including genetics, ecology and ethology, the sociocultural anthropology in a holistic approach to the study of humans and populations. The task of teaching in general is to learn the theoretical foundations of the field and mastering the techniques and methodology of scientific research work. In physical anthropology the methods include somatometry, osteometry, anthropological somatoscopy, dermatoglyphic, basics of rentgenometry and other morphological and morphometric approaches, including the newly introduced 3D non-contact techniques. Methods of molecular genetics entails PCR in situ hybridization, DNA sequencing and restriction analysis methods. Research programs of the training center focused on tracking postnatal growth and development of children in normal and pathological, research on nutrition and obesity, the study of morphological variability in populations, the impact of environmental factors on the ontogenetic development of man, watching craniofacial growth of normal and abnormal congenital defects, evaluation dermatoglyphic characteristics particularly in relation to developmental disorders and to analyze the patterns of human behavior. Study program in anthropology is provided mainly in the field of forensic anthropology and palaeopathology. Molecular genetic studies in addition to forensic applications include analysis receptor genes and genetic polymorphisms in the variable regions of human chromosomes and genetics of musculoskeletal and encogenetics. They are also directed to exploring the molecular... [-]

PhD in Longevity Studies

Charles University Faculty of Humanities
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Longevity Studies offer integrated study on the boarder of humanities, social, biomedical and other mainly applied sciences. The study responses to needs of specialist analyses and solutions of problems related to longevity and demographic change of the society, in different fields of human life and activity. [+]

Longevity Studies enable better understanding of interfaces and challenges of prolongation of human life (longevity). It fosters better understanding and finding of appropriate answers and solutions of theoretical, applied and ethical context of longevity. It reflects not only current demographic changes of population (as the gerontology) but it also reflect the fact that nowadays also persons with severe disability, chronic illnesses and impairment live longer than ever before and also some other specific groups of our population have needs related to the longevity. Longevity Studies offer integrated study on the boarder of humanities, social, biomedical and other mainly applied sciences. The study responses to needs of specialist analyses and solutions of problems related to longevity and demographic change of the society, in different fields of human life and activity. The doctoral postgraduate Longevity studies qualifies highly skilled and knowledgeable specialists in research, expertise and transfer of knowledge into the practice. On the scientific level they are able to tackle problems related to longevity of human life. They are aware and able to use relevant scientific methods, to coordinate interdisciplinary teams and to publish both scientific publications and materials for decision making on all adequate levels and problems related to longevity. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria The examination consists of a 1. Discussion about the research project (of the dissertation). (max. 12 points) 2. Examination on English language proficiency (max. 4 points) Entrance examination will check the ability to communicate in English (in the extent necessary for literature... [-]

PhD in Sociology

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates have a broad overview of key issues in current sociological theory and methodology, a thorough grounding in a wide range of analytical methods of quantitative and qualitative research, and the ability to use and combine these procedures. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. The language of instruction is English. Sociology is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Expert debate on the project of PhD thesis: 0–30 points; Assessment of previous professional activities and studies of the applicant: 0–15 points; Demonstration of knowledge (theory, methodology): 0–15 points. Suggested topics of the upcoming project dissertation: The topic is based on an individual choice. The programme allows, in addition to the thematic focus on sociology, also the specialization in social work and in some criminological topics. Generally said, it is based on the research programme of the departments, especially PROGRESS (see also our teachers’ profiles). Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of... [-]

PhD in Philosophy

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The graduate is a highly educated expert who has shown an ability to develop their knowledge in a creative way. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Philosophy is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria Admission to the PhD programme requires a master’s degree from a recognised university. The programme is intended for those capable of advanced philosophical research and interested in teaching philosophy. entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–25 points; Assessment and discussion of the Applicant’s project of the PhD dissertation: 0–25 points. Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of philosophical literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–10 points. Suggested PhD topics and potential supervisor must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but allows applicants to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences. The applicant has to submit: (i) project of the PhD dissertation (3 – 5 pages), (ii) CV including description of previous study programmes, (iii) list of literature relevant to the project, (iv) summary of previous research and other academic activities. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of... [-]

PhD in Romance Literatures

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates from the Ph.D. programme in Romance Literatures are highly qualified specialists trained to conduct research work in their field (the literature of one or more Romance-speaking areas). [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. The language of instruction is English. Romance Literatures is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of the PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but allows applicants to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates Graduates from the Ph.D. programme in Romance Literatures are highly qualified... [-]

PhD in Medieval and Neo-Latin Studies

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates have a sound knowledge of current trends in the field and are able to adopt a creative approach to relevant source material. Graduates are equipped to work with original Latin documents, i.e. literary and diplomatic manuscripts, incunabula, paleotypes and old prints, being able to interpret and prepare them for publication and translation. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Medieval and Neo-Latin Studies is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant´s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not offer or impose particular PhD topics, but research projects should fall within the research orientation of the Institute of Greek and Latin Studies. Applicants have to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences in the field of Medieval or Neo-Latin Studies. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates... [-]

PhD in Classical Philology

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates from the Ph.D. programme in Classical Philology are experts in classical languages / ancient literature, capable of developing their knowledge in a creative manner. Their dissertation theses testify to the graduates’ excellent expertise in the specialization of their choice within classical philology, including a reliable grounding in literary or linguistic theories. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. The language of instruction is English. Classical Philology is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant´s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not offer or impose particular PhD topics, but research projects should fall within the research orientation of the Institute of Greek and Latin Studies. Applicants have to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences in the field of Latin linguistics, Ancient Greek Linguistics and Ancient Greek Literature. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no... [-]

PhD in Phonetics

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates have in-depth theoretical knowledge of the key areas related to the description of human speech and the sound patterns of Czech; in the area of the dissertation, they are very well acquainted with the current state-of-the-arts, which includes the knowledge of both primary and secondary sources. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Phonetics is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of the PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but research projects should fall within the research orientation of the Institute of Phonetics, as well as that of the applicant. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates Graduates have in-depth theoretical knowledge of the key areas related to the description of human speech and... [-]

PhD in Anglophone Literatures and Cultures

Charles University Faculty of Arts
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates are highly qualified specialists in literary and cultural studies focused on English-speaking countries, especially the literatures and cultures on the British Isles and in North America. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. The language of instruction is English. Anglophone Literatures and Cultures is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant´s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. Recommended Dissertation Topics: The Picturesque and Historical Novel Power in British and American Gothic Fiction Imaginary Geographies in British and American Romanticism Narratives and Histories of the Settlement of the American West Globalisation in Contemporary Irish Drama Reflections of the "Celtic Tiger" in Contemporary Irish Fiction The Politics of Northern Irish Theatre, 1900-1969 Belfast as a Literary Topos Old English Documentary Prose as A Background to Old English Poetry Topoi in Old English Old Testament Poetry Fabliaux Elements in Middle English Poetry Narrative Theory and the Development of Contemporary Canadian Fiction by Aboriginal Writers Tropes of Immigration, Migration and Travel in the History of Canadian Literature Edward Thomas, Robert Frost and the Poetry of Modernism Ideology and Nation in 19th century Irish Poetry Translation as Theme in Twentieth-Century Irish/American/British Poetry Yeats and the Celtic Revival Politics on the Restoration Stage Family in the Eighteenth-century Novel Travel Writing and Women History in British Post-war Women's Fiction Theoretical Otherness, Local Color Fiction and... [-]

PhD in Practical and Ecumenical Theology and Theological Ethics

Charles University Protestant Theological Faculty
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The purpose of doctoral studies in the field of Practical and Ecumenical Theology and Theological Ethics is for students to cultivate, in the usual way for advanced studies, their ability to think theologically and to deepen their knowledge of the theological tradition in its ecumenical, practical, and ethical dimensions on an expert level. [+]

The purpose of doctoral studies in the field of Practical and Ecumenical Theology and Theological Ethics is for students to cultivate, in the usual way for advanced studies, their ability to think theologically and to deepen their knowledge of the theological tradition in its ecumenical, practical, and ethical dimensions on an expert level. Students learn to critically analyse and reflect on the knowledge acquired and methods used in their field, and to interpret them both in their own specific contexts and in the interdisciplinary settings of contemporary scholarly knowledge. Depending on the subject of their dissertation project, their studies are focused on the relevant specialisation in the field of ecumenical or practical theology (for example, homiletics, catechetics, poimenics, practical ecclesiology, hymnology, or missiology), or on theological ethics or Christian social work (diaconia). At the same time, however, they retain the appropriate breadth of vision and interdisciplinary orientation that pertains to all branches of theology. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria On the basis of their fully completely and properly submitted application form, applicants are invited to an entrance interview, where they must defend the proposal for their research project before the branch council and gain approval for their individual study plan. On the basis of the recommendation of the branch council the Dean of the Faculty decides on whether they will be admitted to study. Conditions for admission Completion of studies at Master’s level, successful defence of proposal for the research project before the branch council and approval... [-]

PhD in Historical and Systematic Theology

Charles University Protestant Theological Faculty
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The purpose of doctoral studies in the field of Historical and Systematic Theology is for students to cultivate, in the usual way for advanced studies, their ability to think theologically and to deepen their knowledge of the theological tradition in its historical and systematic dimensions on an expert level. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. The purpose of doctoral studies in the field of Historical and Systematic Theology is for students to cultivate, in the usual way for advanced studies, their ability to think theologically and to deepen their knowledge of the theological tradition in its historical and systematic dimensions on an expert level. Students learn to critically analyse and reflect on the knowledge acquired and methods used in their field, and to interpret them both in their own specific contexts and in the interdisciplinary settings of contemporary scholarly knowledge. Depending on the subject of their dissertation project, their studies are focused on a specific specialised field of historical or systematic theology (for example, church history, the history of dogma, systematic theology, or dogmatics), but at the same time they retain the appropriate breadth of vision and interdisciplinary orientation that pertains to all branches of theology. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria On the basis of their fully completely and properly submitted application form, applicants are invited to an entrance interview, where they must defend the proposal for their research project before the branch council and gain approval for their individual study plan. On the basis of the recommendation of the branch council the Dean of the Faculty decides on whether they will be admitted to study. Conditions for admission Completion of studies at Master’s level, successful defence of proposal for the research project before the branch council and... [-]

PhD in Philosophy of Religion

Charles University Protestant Theological Faculty
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The purpose of doctoral studies in the field of Philosophy of Religion is for students to cultivate, in the usual way for advanced studies, their ability to examine, using philosophical tools and approaches, religious phenomena and issues relating to the religious dimension of human culture, including theological thought and its traditions. [+]

The purpose of doctoral studies in the field of Philosophy of Religion is for students to cultivate, in the usual way for advanced studies, their ability to examine, using philosophical tools and approaches, religious phenomena and issues relating to the religious dimension of human culture, including theological thought and its traditions. Students learn to reflect critically on these approaches and their results and to interpret them both in their specific context and within the framework of current academic knowledge. In direct connection with its multidisciplinary nature, this study programme develops the skills necessary for analysing complex issues, and students learn to combine various specialist perspectives and discourses in evaluating specific findings and testing hypotheses, while at the same time ensuring that the methods used are appropriate, the thinking is precise, and complex or controversial problems are expressed clearly. The study programme not only leads to the acquisition of expert knowledge and skills, but also develops the ability to understand views, concepts, teachings and theories that are non-traditional or differ from one’s own, cultivates argumentative approaches to critical debate, and refines the ability to evaluate oneself and to formulate one’s own opinion or position. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria shrink On the basis of their fully completely and properly submitted application form, applicants are invited to an entrance interview, where they must defend the proposal for their research project before the branch council and gain approval for their individual study plan. On the basis of the recommendation of... [-]

PhD in Medical Psychology and Psychopathology

Charles University First Faculty of Medicine
Campus 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Doctoral study PROGRAMME "Medical Psychology and Psychopathology" is engaged in basic and applied research in biopsychosocial relationships. The proposed study opens up possibilities for interdisciplinary doctoral education not only for medical schools graduates, as well as graduates of psychology and some other related fields. [+]

Part time Doctorate Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences in Prague in Czech Republic. Doctoral study PROGRAMME "Medical Psychology and Psychopathology" is engaged in basic and applied research in biopsychosocial relationships. The proposed study opens up possibilities for interdisciplinary doctoral education not only for medical schools graduates, as well as graduates of psychology and some other related fields. This field of study CONTINUES the rich tradition of teaching psychological and psychiatric sciences at the 1st Medical Faculty. The teaching of psychiatry was started in German in 1841 followed by English in 1886. The very first habilitation in psychiatry in Austria-Hungary took place at our clinic (doc. Riedel). As the first in the Czech lands was here, in 1911, set up an experimental psychological laboratory and in the same year the teaching of medical psychology (Professor Mihajlo Rostohar) started here also. Specialized department of addictology ("Apollinaire"), was institutionalized in 1947 and this area was richly covered by prof. Vladimír Vondráček's publications. Focus on the biopsychosocial paradigm of the modern medicine (enriched by ecological, environmental dimension) in terms of its theoretical basis reflects the current state of knowledge achieved in modern science in existing developed societies. The theoretical basis of cognitive systems theory of psychological disciplines (developmental psychology, personality psychology, etc.), but even applied fields, in particular, clinical and medical psychology. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences then represent a body of scientific disciplines concerned with understanding the human psyche and behavior. This approach not only psychological but also genetical, biochemical or physiological and... [-]