Requirements for the PhD program often involve the student having already obtained a Master’s degree. Additionally, a thesis or dissertation primarily consisting of original academic research must be submitted. In some countries, this work may even need to be defended in front of a panel.
Biological and Life Sciences is a field of study that includes any program that studies life. From direct sciences like biology to more pragmatic efforts like sustainability studies, it all fits within Biological and Life Sciences.
Universities in Turkey provide either two or four years of education for undergraduate studies, while graduate programs last a minimum of two years. There are around 820 higher education institutions in Turkey including 76 universities with a total student enrollment of over 1 million. The quality of education at the Turkish universities varies greatly, some providing education and facilities on par with internationally renowned schools.
Top Doctoral Programs in Life Sciences in Turkey 2017
Biology, biotechnology and biosciences have been rapidly developing since 2000. To handle the data produced, computer technology is required due to the excessive amount of data. Most of the recent techniques used in DNA, RNA and protein based research is supported by bioinformatics and computer science. The computer science offers a new era for the biological sciences. [+]
Chemical & Biological Engineering is a discipline that integrates chemistry and biology at the molecular level and uses this broad foundation along with engineering fundamentals to study the [+]
PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering
Chemical & Biological Engineering is a discipline that integrates chemistry and biology at the molecular level and uses this broad foundation along with engineering fundamentals to study the synthesis of new processes and products. Our graduate program in Chemical and Biological Engineering is an interdisciplinary program that combines chemical engineering fundamentals and systems biology to meet the research challenges of the future. The research areas of interest are:
Dug Discovery Tissue Engineering Plant Biotechnology Protein-Protein Interactions Protein Folding Process Dynamics, Control and Optimization Systems Engineering Catalysis Supercritical Fluids Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials Fuel Cells and Sustainable Development Computational Fluid Dynamics Polymer Science and Engineering Microfluidics Biological Clock Interaction Networks and Pathways Modeling of metal organic frameworks for energy applications Molecular simulations of crystalline nanoporous membranes for gas separations Computational studies of adsorption and diffusion in porous materials Supercritical fluids and ionic liquids ... [-]