Requirements for the PhD program often involve the student having already obtained a Master’s degree. Additionally, a thesis or dissertation primarily consisting of original academic research must be submitted. In some countries, this work may even need to be defended in front of a panel.
Optics and photonics is the science of light. Students may learn how to use light to detect information, transmit data or generate energy. This field of study can prepare students to work in telecommunication, research, manufacturing or medicine.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is 900 years old, and even though it has a relatively small area, it played a crucial role in world history. Universidade do Porto is most popular by foreigners which consist of 11% international students.
Top Doctoral Programs in Optics and Photonics in Portugal 2018
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