Charles University Faculty of Arts

Introduction
CUP

“Since the beginning of my studies, I made it my principle that whenever I find a more correct opinion, I will immediately abandon my own, less correct opinion and joyfully embrace the opinion which is more justified, knowing that all we know is merely an infinitesimal fragment of what we do not know.”

Jan Hus, philosopher and Church reformer, alumnus of the Faculty of Arts

The Faculty of Arts at Charles University is currently one of the largest and most important research and educational institutions in the arts and humanities in Central Europe. The Faculty was founded in 1348 by the Czech king and later Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV who established it as one of the four faculties of the Prague university, later named after him Charles University – the oldest university in Central Europe east of France and north of the Alps. Ever since, it has been the intellectual centre of the Czech lands: alumni of the Faculty, their deeds and ideas, have been shaping the Czech society and culture and at the crucial moments of Czech history, the Faculty of Arts has always been at the very heart of the events.

With close to 1,000 staff members, over 9,000 students and a growing international student population of almost 1,000 students from all over the world, the Faculty of Arts is a vibrant and diverse academic environment. Thanks to the flexible system of more than 700 possible double-subject degree combinations, the BA and MA degrees allows the students to focus on two subjects to the same extent, which increases their adaptability and provides them with more opportunities for their future career. The acceptance level is only 27%, which is a prerequisite for a more individual approach, necessary if the humanities are to be taught and studied seriously.

Students and researchers come to the Faculty of Arts to work in more than seventy subjects – a larger number than the majority of comparable institutions in the world can offer. Charles University as such ranks among the top 2% universities in the world and the Faculty itself ranks among the first 200 universities in the world in a number of disciplines.The Faculty attracts the most talented students from the Czech Republic and the number of applications for BA, MA and PhD programmes amounts to 10,000 every year.

The remarkably wide range of disciplines at the Faculty of Arts includes philosophy and religious studies; history and archaeology; psychology; sociology and political science; theatre, film and music studies and a number of philological programmes which combine a rigorous study of a given language and courses in the associated literary, historical and cultural background. The Faculty offers courses in more than a hundred languages, dead and living, such as Albanian, Akkadian, Arabic, Armenian, Avestan, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bulgarian, Czech (also special degrees for foreigners and for the deaf), Catalan, Church Slavonic, Chinese, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Eblaite, Ancient Egyptian, Finnish, French, German, Gothic, Greek (ancient and modern), Hebrew (Old Testament and modern), Hindi, Hittite, Hungarian, Irish, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lusatian Sorbian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Old Norse, Old Irish, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sanskrit, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Tocharian, Tibetan, Turkish, Ugaritic, Ukrainian, Yiddish and Vietnamese.

The research output of the Faculty, measured in the number of monographs and articles, is larger than that of any other institution in the humanities in the Czech Republic – which reflects both the quality of research and the level of tutoring. Every year, the Faculty hosts a number of international conferences and events of general cultural significance – exhibitions, concerts, lectures, public debates. In the last few years, the Faculty of Arts publishing house has earned prestigious awards and is now competing with the largest academic publishers in the country.

Did you know that…

… the Department of Egyptian Studies has been working in Egypt for the last fifty years and has made significant discoveries? Their discovery of the tomb of an unknown Egyptian queen in Abusir in autumn 2014 was voted one of the 10 greatest archaeological finds in 2014.

… in 2014, Professor Tomáš Halík was awarded the prestigious Templeton Prize, given to people who “made an exceptional contribution to affirming life’s spiritual dimension”?

… Professor Martin Hilský translated the complete works of William Shakespeare into Czech?

CUP

History

The Faculty of Arts was founded as one the four original faculties of Charles University – the oldest institution of higher learning in Central Europe – by the issue of the Foundation Charter on 7 April 1348. Charles IV, in pursuit of his state and dynastic policy, strove to establish the Kingdom of Bohemia as the centre of the Holy Roman Empire. His plan was to concentrate scholars from home and abroad in Prague, which became his residential city, and thus bolster the base of his power. In pre-Hussite times, two-thirds of all students of the university were students of the Artistic Faculty where they acquired the knowledge needed to be able to study at the other three faculties (theology, medicine, law). One of the privileges enjoyed by the faculty was the right to confer master’s and doctoral degrees which entitled their bearers to teach at any European university.

During the two centuries following the Hussite wars, the Faculty of Liberal Arts was the heart of the whole university. Since the seventeenth century it was called the Philosophical Faculty. From the beginning until the mid-nineteenth century, it served as a faculty whose programme was designed to provide preparatory higher education for the future students of the other faculties. From the eighteenth century onwards, the number of academic disciplines started to increase: besides philosophy, it was possible to study aesthetics, mathematics, astronomy, natural sciences, engineering, economics, education and history. In the nineteenth century, apart from oriental studies, archaeology and religious studies, significant developments took place in the realm of philology and degrees in Czech, Italian, French, English and Hebrew were introduced. After the reforms of 1849–1850, the faculty was liberated from its propaedeutic function and acquired an equal with the other faculties. In 1897, women were allowed to study at the Philosophical Faculty.

The Faculty retained its significance in the Czech lands even after the division of the Prague University into a Czech part and a German part in 1882. During the so-called First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938), the life of the university was shaped especially by the secession of the Faculty of Natural Sciences in 1920 and by the acquisition of a new building on the Vltava embankment – the one where you still find most of the departments and lecture halls. The closure of the Faculty by the Nazi occupation in 1939 was followed by brutal persecution of both teachers and students. The productive, enthusiastic years after the end of the Second World War came to a violent end in 1948 with the communist coup d’ état and the following forty years of communist regime. The forced departure of dozens of outstanding teachers and the introduction of Marxist-Leninist subjects resulted in the rapid decline of research and teaching. Hopes for a widespread social change in the LATE 1960s, the so-called “Prague Spring” during which the Faculty started to invite back significant personalities of that time, such as the philosopher Jan Patočka, were crushed by the Soviet invasion in August 1968. In January 1969, Jan Palach, a student of the Faculty, committed suicide by self-immolation in political protest. The square where the main building is located and the Faculty of Arts central library bear his name. After the fall of the communist regime and the departure of its compromised followers in 1989, the Faculty established itself once again as one of the most prestigious institutions in the humanities both in the Czech Republic and in Central Europe.

Our alumni and former staff members include:

  • the Church reformer and philosopher Jan Hus (c. 1370–1415), whose thoughts inspired Martin Luther
  • the mathematician, logician and philosopher Bernard Bolzano (1781–1848)
  • the linguist Josef Jungmann (1773–1847), one of the creators of modern Czech language
  • the linguist and orientalist Bedřich Hrozný (1879–1952), decipherer of the ancient Hittite language
  • founders and members of the influential Prague Linguistic Circle, such as Vilém Mathesius (1882–1945), Vladimír Skalička (1909–1991), Jan Mukařovský (1891–1975), Bohuslav Havránek (1893–1978) and René Wellek (1903–1995)
  • the chemist Jaroslav Heyrovský (1890–1967), inventor of the polarographic method and recipient of the Nobel Prize in 1959
  • the famous writers Alois Jirásek (1851–1930), Karel Čapek (1890–1938), Ladislav Fuks (1923–1994), Josef Škvorecký (1924–2012) and Michal Ajvaz (1949)
  • the politicians Milan Rastislav Štefánik (1880–1919), Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1850–1937) and Edvard Beneš (1884–1948), the latter two became Czechoslovak presidents
  • the sociologist and politician Alice Masaryková (1879–1966), founder of social education in Czechoslovakia
  • the art historian and archaeologist Růžena Vacková (1901–1982)
  • Jan Patočka (1907–1977), one of the most important Central European philosophers of the twentieth century, student of Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl and Eugen Fink
  • Jan Palach (1948–1969), student who immolated himself in protest against the Soviet invasion of 1968
  • the psychologist Zdeněk Matějček (1922–2004), author of ground-breaking studies in children’s psychology
This school offers programs in:
  • English
  • Czech

View PhDs »

Programs

This school also offers:

PhD

PhD in Anglophone Literatures and Cultures

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates are highly qualified specialists in literary and cultural studies focused on English-speaking countries, especially the literatures and cultures on the British Isles and in North America. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Anglophone Literatures and Cultures is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant´s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. Recommended Dissertation Topics: The Picturesque and Historical Novel Power in British and American Gothic Fiction Imaginary Geographies in British and American Romanticism Narratives and Histories of the Settlement of the American West Globalisation in Contemporary Irish Drama Reflections of the "Celtic Tiger" in Contemporary Irish Fiction The Politics of Northern Irish Theatre, 1900-1969 Belfast as a Literary Topos Old English Documentary Prose as A Background to Old English Poetry Topoi in Old English Old Testament Poetry Fabliaux Elements in Middle English Poetry Narrative Theory and the Development of Contemporary Canadian Fiction by Aboriginal Writers Tropes of Immigration, Migration and Travel in the History of Canadian Literature Edward Thomas, Robert Frost and the Poetry of Modernism Ideology and Nation in 19th century Irish Poetry Translation as Theme in Twentieth-Century Irish/American/British Poetry Yeats and the Celtic Revival Politics on the Restoration Stage Family in the Eighteenth-century Novel Travel Writing and Women History in British Post-war Women's Fiction Theoretical Otherness, Local Color Fiction and Kate Chopin Narrative Space and Thomas Pynchon Literature and Silence Suggested PhD topics must... [-]

PhD in Classical Philology

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates from the Ph.D. programme in Classical Philology are experts in classical languages / ancient literature, capable of developing their knowledge in a creative manner. Their dissertation theses testify to the graduates’ excellent expertise in the specialization of their choice within classical philology, including a reliable grounding in literary or linguistic theories. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Classical Philology is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant´s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not offer or impose particular PhD topics, but research projects should fall within the research orientation of the Institute of Greek and Latin Studies. Applicants have to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences in the field of Latin linguistics, Ancient Greek Linguistics and Ancient Greek Literature. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the... [-]

PhD in Egyptology

Campus Full time Part time 3 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague + 1 more

The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes). [+]

The language of instruction is English. Egyptology is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of the PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but allows applicants to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. [-]

PhD in Logic

Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

This programme is for students wanting to attain in-depth knowledge of the methods and trends in modern logic and specialise in one of its aspects – pure mathematics, linguistics and informatics, or exclusively philosophical aspects of logic. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Logic is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview discussion on the dissertation proposal (discussion on the dissertation topic and assessment of the applicant’s aptitude): 0–30 points; assessment of the applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; examination of subject-related literature (based on the applicant’s reading list): 0–15 points. The PhD Programme Board does not offer specific topics for Ph.D. candidates. Candidates can choose their topics freely. However, they should be aware of the primary fields of interests of the members of the Department of Logic, i.e. nonclassical logics, set theory, metamathematics, and interactions between these fields, including the historical aspects. Each PhD student should have a qualified supervisor committed to close cooperation with the student, a member of the PhD Programme Board or a researcher whom the Board finds eligible. Topics outside the fields of interests of the members of the department must first be discussed with the Chair of the Programme Board. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted... [-]

PhD in Medieval and Neo-Latin Studies

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates have a sound knowledge of current trends in the field and are able to adopt a creative approach to relevant source material. Graduates are equipped to work with original Latin documents, i.e. literary and diplomatic manuscripts, incunabula, paleotypes and old prints, being able to interpret and prepare them for publication and translation. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Medieval and Neo-Latin Studies is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant´s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not offer or impose particular PhD topics, but research projects should fall within the research orientation of the Institute of Greek and Latin Studies. Applicants have to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences in the field of Medieval or Neo-Latin Studies. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates... [-]

PhD in Musicology

Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The individually designed attestation system of the doctoral programme provides graduates with an insight into the current state of research and methodology of the subject, especially in the field of the selected topic and closely related disciplines. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Musicology is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview discussion on the dissertation proposal (discussion on the dissertation topic and assessment of the applicant’s aptitude): 0–30 points; assessment of the previous studies and professional activities of the applicant: 0–15 points, examination of subject-related literature (based on the applicant’s reading list): 0–15 points. Doctoral study program of musicology is open to master graduates in the field of musicology from foreign universities. Candidates are required to make the members of the examining body acquainted with their prior professional career, subject(s) of previous study, practical field experience and publishing activities to date, if applicable. Candidates are obliged to submit a written proposal of their future dissertation project. The proposal will serve as the basis for an academic discussion aimed at examining both the candidates’ familiarity with the essential theoretical foundations of the discipline and their knowledge of topics related to the proposed dissertation project. Candidates should demonstrate elementary passive knowledge of the Czech language. In order to read academic literature and to study sources written in Czech they will be encouraged to improve their Czech language proficiency in the course of their studies. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same... [-]

PhD in Philosophy

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The graduate is a highly educated expert who has shown an ability to develop their knowledge in a creative way. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Philosophy is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria Admission to the PhD programme requires a master’s degree from a recognised university. The programme is intended for those capable of advanced philosophical research and interested in teaching philosophy. entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–25 points; Assessment and discussion of the Applicant’s project of the PhD dissertation: 0–25 points. Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of philosophical literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–10 points. Suggested PhD topics and potential supervisor must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but allows applicants to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences. The applicant has to submit: (i) project of the PhD dissertation (3 – 5 pages), (ii) CV including description of previous study programmes, (iii) list of literature relevant to the project, (iv) summary of previous research and other academic activities. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of... [-]

PhD in Phonetics

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates have in-depth theoretical knowledge of the key areas related to the description of human speech and the sound patterns of Czech; in the area of the dissertation, they are very well acquainted with the current state-of-the-arts, which includes the knowledge of both primary and secondary sources. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Phonetics is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of the PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but research projects should fall within the research orientation of the Institute of Phonetics, as well as that of the applicant. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates Graduates have in-depth theoretical knowledge of the key areas related to the description of human speech and... [-]

PhD in Romance Literatures

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates from the Ph.D. programme in Romance Literatures are highly qualified specialists trained to conduct research work in their field (the literature of one or more Romance-speaking areas). [+]

The language of instruction is English. Romance Literatures is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Discussion of the project of the PhD dissertation: 0–30 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s previous studies, research and other academic activities: 0–15 points; Assessment of the Applicant’s knowledge of secondary literature (based on the list submitted by the Applicant): 0–15 points. The Programme Board does not suggest or impose particular PhD topics, but allows applicants to suggest research projects according to their personal preferences. Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates Graduates from the Ph.D. programme in Romance Literatures are highly qualified specialists trained to conduct research work in their field (the literature of one or... [-]

PhD in Sociology

Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

Graduates have a broad overview of key issues in current sociological theory and methodology, a thorough grounding in a wide range of analytical methods of quantitative and qualitative research, and the ability to use and combine these procedures. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Sociology is a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Expert debate on the project of PhD thesis: 0–30 points; Assessment of previous professional activities and studies of the applicant: 0–15 points; Demonstration of knowledge (theory, methodology): 0–15 points. Suggested topics of the upcoming project dissertation: The topic is based on an individual choice. The programme allows, in addition to the thematic focus on sociology, also the specialization in social work and in some criminological topics. Generally said, it is based on the research programme of the departments, especially PROGRESS (see also our teachers’ profiles). Suggested PhD topics must be consulted beforehand with the Chair of the Programme Board. Conditions for admission The applicant is admitted if he/she obtains a minimum of 30 points in the entrance examination and, at the same time, scores enough points to place among the maximum number of students admitted to the respective programme (refer to the Admission Procedure Specifications applicable to the individual degree programmes); admissions will be granted to all applicants who score the same number of points as the applicant who comes last in the ranking of admissions. The full-time and combined forms of study use different maximum numbers of admissions. Applicants cannot be admitted without supplying, no later than on the enrolment day, evidence of their prior education. Information on the exercise of graduates Graduates have a broad overview... [-]

PhD in Translation Studies

Campus Full time 3 years September 2017 Czech Republic Prague

The Ph.D. graduate in Translatology is able to conduct independent scientific and research work; he/she is capable of presenting the research results in three languages to a specialised audience and to engage in a technical discussion in these languages. [+]

The language of instruction is English. Translation Studies are a fee-paying programme; the annual study fee is 70 000 CZK. Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria entrance examination: one-round examination, interview Content, subject of the entrance interview discussion on the dissertation proposal (discussion on the dissertation topic and assessment of the applicant’s aptitude): 0–30 points; assessment of previous studies, academic activities and performance: 0–15 points; examination of subject-related literature (based on the applicant’s reading list): 0–15 points. Recommended Dissertation Topics: Contextualized study of the Czech classic, Osudy dobrého vojáka Švejka by Jaroslav Hašek (1921–1923) in English translations. The research in the contexts of translations and the study of the translations will be based on the model of Gideon Toury that conceptualizes translation as a fact of the target, or translating culture. Structuralism and post-structuralism in the theory of translation: a comparative theoretical study researching the potential of re-conceptualized structuralist concepts in theories and methods inspired by, or even targeted at different goals. Czech Literature in ... (English, Chinese, etc.) Translation: An Investigation into the Workings of Ideology, Censorship and Second-Hand Translations in the Reception of a Medium-Sized Lingua- and Socio-Culture The Reception of Czech Literature in ... (Norway, Japan, etc.): Impact and Influence upon the Target-Language Culture Functionalist theories of translation Conceptualization of norms and agency Institutionalization and conceptualization of translation practice Ideology in TS Epistemological aspects of current TS Theoretical vs. applied vs. critical models in TS Positivism, structuralism and post-structuralism in TS Positioning axiology in TS... [-]

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