Faculty of Physical Education and Sport is one of the seventeen faculties based on the venerable Charles University.
Czech higher physical education dates back to the period before World War I. At the beginning, there were various educational courses at the Faculty of Medicine. Efforts of progressive scientists and pedagogues such as prof. Smotlacha, Borovanský, Jirásek and Weigner led to the Bill of establishing “Tyrš’s State Institute of Physical Education” in 1930. This idea was implemented after the War by forming “Institute for Education of Physical Education at Charles University”.
In 1948 the Institute was incorporated in the Faculty of Education, out of which, independent Higher School of Education was formed in 1953. A new higher school – “Institute of Physical Education and Sport” was founded in 1953 together with “Research Institute of Physical Education”. Both institutions provided education for pedagogical, scientific and managing workers who wanted to pursue their career in the area of physical education and sport science. Within reorganization of higher schools, which took place in 1958, three departments of Higher School of Education were joined to the Institute of Physical Education and Sport. The new formation was joined to Charles University as one of its faculties.
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The graduate of doctoral studies in Biomechanics is well prepared from a professional point of view. He/she has the knowledge and skills needed to solve scientific and research issues concerning basic and applied research as well as other areas of research and development, where biomechanics is involved.
Biomechanics is an interdisciplinary scientific discipline, which, based on a detailed knowledge of anatomy and the biochemistry of relevant processes, deals with the mechanical structure and behaviour of living systems and their mutual mechanical interactions. The main theoretical aim is the formulation of generally valid rules, both at the cellular and organic level, as well as at the human, individual level. The biophysical and engineering methodological approach for solving tasks is supported by high-level knowledge of biological character. The research takes place at various distinct levels ranging from micro-biomechanics (cellular level) to living macro systems (e.g. biomechanics of humans). It is possible to encounter biomechanic applications in a wide range of sciences and professional activities.
Biomechanics in this form can be used not only in the area of basic research, but also in a wide range of professional activities such as rehabilitation medicine, ergonomics, forensic and biomedicine engineering, sports, etc. The training centre of the Charles University and the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic provides interdisciplinary education in the PhD degree study programmes in a broad scope, and within particular specializations.
Students´ curricula are highly individualized according to the demands of the chosen issue and specialization. During the studies great emphasis is placed upon students' independent research activity within the context of the teamwork of the training centre. Experimental facilities include laboratories of particular training workplaces. Students´ publications appear in respected scientific magazines, and an active participation in congresses is considered an integral part of PhD degree studies....
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The graduate of doctoral studies possesses a deep and comprehensive knowledge and is well versed in a broad spectrum of scientific principles. He/she is familiar with the research methods, is capable of providing individual scientific work with academic and professional integrity, while observing the ethical conventions of research work.
Kinanthropology is a multidisciplinary scientific branch which deals with the complex effects of intentional and spontaneous movement activity on human personality development in the bio-psycho-social context, and conditions in the areas of physical education and sport, physiotherapy and remedial physical education, including their effective management.
Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria
Each candidate must go through the admissions process. The entrance exam is conducted orally before an examining board and the applicant’s competence is examined. The examining committee evaluates:
1. Quality of the dissertation project and of its elaboration – the project shall have the following structure: introduction, literature review, objective(s) of the work, it shall specify a hypothesis and a methodology corresponding to its type and thematic focus.
Maximum number of points for this aspect – 20.
2. Previous professional activities in kinantropology – here, any previous activities relating to the project, in particular publication activities, shall be assessed – 20 points for an impact journal, 14 points for SCOPUS, 12 points for ERIH, 8 points for a reviewed journal or for speaking at the SVK (= Student Scientific Conference) or another scientific conference.
The candidate shall receive a full number of points if he/she is the author, or half that number when he/she is a co-author.
Maximum number of points for this aspect – 20.
3. The topic´s relation to the research orientation of the instructor and to his research projects – there must be clear harmony between the topic proposed and the instructor´s research orientation...
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