A student of the Ph.D. program in Geology has acquired deep knowledge in the field of general geology, focused on the geological mapping of sedimentary, volcanic and metamorphic rocks; in the field of palaeontology focused on systematic, classification and stratigraphic applicability of plant and animal fossils.
Geological sciences with the emphasis on stratigraphical and historical geology, structural geology, paleobotany, zoopaleontology, mineralogy and crystallography, geochemistry, economic geology and geology of mineral deposits, and petrology.
STRATIGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL GEOLOGY
Follows the studies of geological processes in the history of the Earth with the emphasis on organic and inorganic features. It is employed in broad range of geological sciences (including the reconstruction of geological environment in the past with the implications for the recent). The discipline deals with lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chronostratigraphy especially in the regional studies and correlation. It uses methods of the facies analysis as well as basin analysis in the paleogeographic reconstruction. It applies paleontological methods for the paleoecology, ecostratigraphy and quantitative stratigraphy, climatic stratigraphy and eventstratigraphy. The discipline uses geochronological methods radiometric dating and deals with the stratigraphical position of metamorphic and magmatic rocks. It employs the methods of detail studies of geological sections and deals with the research of Quaternary sediments.
In order to study the geological features (structures) of different scales it follows the scale sequences from the structures of mineral grains and rocks, outcrop structures ad structures expressed in the geological maps, global lithospheric structures and planetary structures. The emphasis of the structural geological studies is on the relationships among the structures and methods of their studies (deformation or strain analysis, methods of physical and mathematical models . The discipline provides a complex overview and applications of structural research in geological sciences using contemporaneous and up to date state of art of problems and methods.
The discipline deals with the studies of plants of the past geological times, plant evolution from the oldest forms of life in early Precambrian up to Cenozoic. It studies morphology and anatomy of the plant organs, carries out the reconstruction of fossil plants and whole plant assemblages. It studies the relationships of plant evolution and the environment. It formulates paleoclimatic and paleogeographic conclusions that are used in the geological studies (predominantly in the coal and oil geology).
The study of evolution animals on the Earth from the earliest stages to the contemporaneous times, using the methods of morphology, anatomy and paleoecology. It attempts to reconstruct individual species and whole fossil assemblages. The results are used for biostratigraphy and evaluation of the evolution of an environment in geological past.
Specialization: 1, paleontology of invertebrates: systematic and evolution, comparative anatomy of the individual groups, 2. Paleogeographical distribution and migration in the geological past, 3. Paleontology of vertebrates: comparative anatomy of individual groups, systematic and evolution 4. Evolution of humans and primates, paleogeographical distribution and migration in the geologic past.
MINERALOGY AND CRYSTALOGRAPHY
It studies mineral phases, their crystalochemistry, features and position within the mineral parageneses with the emphasis on quantitative methods of the study of mineral phases through the methods of quantitative reflectance microscopy, quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis, methods of powder and monocrystalline diffraction, and studies of chemical composition of individual phases "in situ". It studies polymorphy and polytypy and OD structures and their relationships to genetic conditions. Crystallography is directed to the region of structural crystallography and refinement of crystal structures. It applies mineralogical research in technologies and uses the mineralogical and geochemical methods in the environmental studies.
Specialization: 1. Genetic mineralogy 2. Methods of laboratory studies of minerals and their industrial applications, 3. Mineralogical studies of solid contaminants in the environment, 4. Crystal structures.
It integrates the knowledge of the basic geological disciplines in the terms of chemical composition. It deals preferably with the physico-chemical features of geological and/or cosmochemical processes, anthropogenic processes and consequent modeling of those processes. It uses modern methods of "in situ" chemical analyses including the determination of stable and radioactive isotopes, physical methods and methods of statistical evaluation of data for the purpose of genetic geochemistry and geochronology. It studies the reaction kinetics of migration and distribution of chemical elements in geological materials (minerals, rocks, water and atmosphere) their equilibria (thermometry and geobarometry) and their mutual interactions. The geology uses these results in the exploration for mineral resources, for the studies of environments and partial problems of ecology, archaeology and in the medical science.
ECONOMIC GEOLOGY AND GEOLOGY OF MINERAL DEPOSITS
The discipline deals with the geological processes leading to the formation of concentration of potentially useful components in he Earth's crust. For the formulation of models of the individual types of mineral deposits it uses the knowledge and methods of other geological disciplines especially methods of geochemistry, mineralogy and methods of structural and basin analysis. It deals with the motion of solutions through the Earth crust and their interaction with the rocks, the isotope fractionation (e.g., of oxygen) and their significance for the interpretation of mineral deposit formations as well as the interaction of lower crust and the upper mantle with regard to processes forming the mineral concentrations.
Petrology studies metamorphic, igneous and sedimentary rocks. The emphasis is given to relationships of rock formation and geotectonic processes. Study includes the material and structural relations and microstructural features of the rocks. Metamorphic petrology studies thermal, pressure and mechanical evolution of crust in the collisional and extensional deformation regimes and the relationships of metamorphism and deformation. Magmatic petrology studies the formation of magma in the mantle and crust source areas, it rise, differentiation and crystallization including the geological properties and mechanisms of the emplacement. The sedimentary petrology studies modern features of sedimentology including the processes of diagenesis and petrology of organic materials.
Description of the entrance examination and evaluation criteria
The entrance examination has one round and is held as an interview. In exceptional cases, requested in writing by 30 April 2017, the dean can permit entrance examinations to take place via information and communication technology.
During the entrance examination the candidate must demonstrate technical and linguistic skills to study the given field along with attributes necessary for scientific work. The entrance examination also takes into account the interest of the candidate in pursuing specific doctoral work with a particular supervisor and the candidate’s ability to handle this topic.
The maximum score of the examination is 100 points.
Conditions for admission
Submission of a properly completed application, including prescribed appendices, and payment of the application fee by 30 April 2017.
Completion of a master’s program of study at a university documented by a notarized copy of a diploma or certificate of equivalence of a foreign university education, or an original confirmation of completion of the required education by 30 September 2017. The requirement of submitting a notarized copy of a diploma does not apply to master’s graduates of Charles University. Applicants whose request for recognition of a foreign education has not been decided upon by 30 September 2017 may submit the required document by 21 October 2017.
Passing grade on the entrance examination
All applicants scoring at least 50 points on the entrance examination will be admitted for study.
Information on the exercise of graduates
A student of the Ph.D. program in Geology has acquired deep knowledge in the field of general geology, focused on the geological mapping of sedimentary, volcanic and metamorphic rocks; in the field of palaeontology focused on systematic, classification and stratigraphic applicability of plant and animal fossils; in the field of petrology, with special interest in models of structural and petrological history, deformation of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks; in the field of geochemistry and mineralogy, focused on abiotic nature, and in environmental geology and geochemistry.